Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences ( AMPAS ) is a professional, voluntary organization working to that is best known for the award of the Academy Awards ( "Oscars ").

The real purpose of the Academy is to work for the progress in the field of film industry. This is achieved firstly by supporting research and by promoting cultural, educational and technological progress. The field of activity of the Academy does not include the economic, labor or political affairs.


The Academy was founded on 4 May 1927 as a non-profit association. There were 36 founding members, including many studio owners and well-known Hollywood personalities of the 1920s.

The first president of the Academy was Douglas Fairbanks.

From its foundation until 1946, the school had its headquarters in a building on Melrose Avenue in Hollywood. In December 1975, the Academy moved to new premises on Wilshire Boulevard in Beverly Hills. For the first time in the history of the Academy were now the list of filmmakers, Margaret Herrick Library, which combines Samuel Goldwyn Theater and the administrative offices under one roof. However, it turned out very quickly that the premises due to the rapid growth of the library and the film archive were too small.

In 1988, a lease agreement for a term of 55 years for the conversion of the building Waterworks in La Cienega Park was closed with the City of Beverly Hills. This building was referred to in the following years as the Center for Motion Picture Study. In honor of Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford was the part of the building in which the library is located Herrick, renamed Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study and the building on Vine Street was called from now Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study.


Member of the Academy can be only by invitation of the so-called Board of Governors. Receive this honor which only individuals who work in a special way for the art of film (or have used ). This can be actors, directors, costume designers or persons working in the film business. The Academy combines 14 different professional fields: actors, designers, cinematographers, directors, documentary filmmakers, producers, members from the field of film editing, composers, persons from the field of public relations, short filmmakers and animators ( artist), as well as in the fields of sound, visual effects and screenwriters.

The Academy strives to give the names of their members only partially known. It is assumed that the most famous and influential people in Hollywood are also members of the Academy. Winning a - or even more - Oscars is usually considered as an invitation into this circle. Currently, the Academy is composed of over 6,000 members ( as of January 2014).

The 36 founding members




  • Joseph Farnham
  • Benjamin Glazer
  • Jeanie Macpherson
  • Bess Meredyth
  • Carey Wilson
  • Frank E. Woods

Engineers and decorators



  • Edwin Loeb
  • George W. Cohen

President of the Academy