Anglesey ( Ynys Môn in Welsh, Latin Mona ) is an island off the north west coast of Wales in the Irish Sea and an eponymous Principal Area. Council is based in Llangefni, however largest city is the ferry port of Holyhead. About the Menai Straits perform two bridges ( Menai Bridge and the Britannia Bridge ) connecting Anglesey with the "Island of Britain". From the port of Holyhead for ferries to Dublin ( inter alia, the Ulysses, one of the largest ferries in the world ) and Dun Laoghaire in the Republic of Ireland. The landscape is characterized by hills. Predominantly cattle and pigs are bred. Holy Iceland (formerly Holyhead Iceland ) Anglesey 's west upstream and connected to Anglesey by a bridge and a man-made dam.
At the end of antiquity Anglesey was a center of the Druids, so it was named "Island of the Druids ." In the year 61 AD the Romans destroyed under Gaius Suetonius Paulinus the local shrine to break the ongoing, funded by the priesthood resistance of the Celtic population. They called the island of Mona, as it had been called earlier. The Englishman added Anglesey in the 13th century added their kingdom.
Anglesey is one of the thirteen traditional counties of Wales. 1974 Anglesey became a district of the newly formed county of Gwynedd and Anglesey since 1996 is a Principal Area with the status of a County.
Anglesey is a popular tourist destination. Among the surviving megalithic sites from the Barclodiad -y- Gawres stand out ( a plant of the Maes Howe and Newgrange type at Aberffraw ) Trefignath and the Bryn Celli Ddu restored construction. The two about 3 meters high needle-like menhirs of Penrhos Feilw 2 of 39 standing stones on the island. Din Lligwy space is a senior and an Iron Age megalithic monument. In Alaw But the stone grave Bedd Branwen is to see where the Queen Branwen from the Mabinogion to be buried. On the island there was the Iron Age victims Llyn Cerrig Bach and locality with Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch the place with the longest place name in Europe. Anglesey is classified as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Further facilities on the island of Plas Newydd and the ruins of Beaumaris Castle.
About one kilometer off the island of Anglesey is a farm of five tidal power plants, each with two megawatts of capacity in planning, which is expected to produce electricity for 10,000 households from 2015 in Wales. The investments are tidal power plants, as they have already been installed in the tidal power plant Strangford in a strait before Northern Ireland. Rotors are driven similar to a wind turbine of the ocean currents and thus generate electricity. The 70- million-pound project has now been approved and will be funded by the state with 10 million pounds. The existing infrastructure of the port of Holyhead is to be used in the construction, operation and maintenance of the plants and thus strengthen the economic importance of the port on. In addition, it is hoped that Wales as a pioneer in the field can take on renewable energy.
The pagan metal band Eluveitie wrote a song ( Inis Mona ) on the island and the Druids.