The Borken district is located in the Westmünsterland in the northwest of the federal state of North Rhine -Westphalia. It belongs to the administrative district of Münster and is a member of the Regional Association of Westphalia -Lippe. Seat of the district is the town of Borken. Largest city in the district of Borken is in Bocholt.
- 3.1 Kreistag
- 5.1 Air Transport
- 5.2 Rail transport
- 5.3 roads 5.3.1 License Plate
The district of Borken in Westmünsterland in the West has a 108 km long border with the Netherlands. The proximity to major economic regions in Germany and the Netherlands are benefits that are used consistently. The maximum north - south distance is 57 km, the maximum east-west extent is 61 km. The highest peak is a mountain called Schöppinger foothills of the mountains with tree 154 m above sea level. At 14 m above sea level, the valley of the Issel is the lowest point in the district at Anholt. 42.8 % of the area of the circle Borken ( 608.4 km ²) are designated as conservation area, 48.4 km ² are nature reserve.
Circle members communities
The Borken District is divided into 17 municipalities belonging to a county, of which three Middle kreisangehorige cities and a Great kreisangehorige are city. The municipalities are basically self responsible, while the circle for smaller municipalities accepts local and otherwise on local tasks for their local affairs.
As of December 31, 2012
Neighboring districts or provinces -
The Borken district is bordered to the north by the Lower Saxony district of Bentheim ( 2 km), in the north- east by the district of Steinfurt (33 km), to the east by the county Coesfeld (51 km ) to the southeast of the district of Recklinghausen (29 km), on the southwest by the Wesel district (45 km), on the west by the district of Kleve (10 km) and km to the northwest of the Dutch provinces of Gelderland and Overijssel 108.
Coat of arms of city of Bocholt
Coat of Arms of Borken 1955 - 1979
The logo for publicity of the district Borken
Precursor of the district Borken were the historical administrative and judicial districts ( departments ) Ahaus, Bocholt and Horstmar in the Prince-Bishopric of Münster and the dominions Anholt, Gemen and Werth. After the secularization of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster in Reichsdeputationshauptschluss the area in 1803 became part of the newly formed Principality of Salm, before it was annexed to enforce the Continental System 1811 in the French Empire. After the withdrawal of the French troops in 1813 and the Congress of Vienna in 1815 the area was part of the Prussian province of Westphalia. 1816 was based on the present district area, the administrative divisions in the districts of Borken and Ahaus in the administrative district of Münster.
After its founding in 1816 until 1843 the circle was divided into eight mayors Anholt, Bocholt, Borken, Dingden, pagans, songs, Ramsdorf and roadstead. With the introduction of rural community - Regulations for the Province of Westphalia, the mayors were converted into offices in 1843 and 1844. The circle was then initially divided into the following departments and towns:
The cities of Anholt, Bocholt and Borken remained amt free.
1923 retired from the city of Bocholt from the district of Borken and was county-level city. In 1937 the offices songs and Werth were united to the Official songs Werth. For further mergers also the offices Marpeck - Raesfeld, Heiden- Reken and Velen - Ramsdorf emerged. After the Second World War, the present district became part of the British zone of occupation, and in 1946 part of the newly formed state of North Rhine -Westphalia.
During the municipal reorganization in 1975, the previous circles Ahaus and Borken, the district-free city of Bocholt, the district town Isselburg (formerly county Rees ) and the communities of alder (formerly the district of Recklinghausen ) and Gescher (formerly Coesfeld ) were merged into the present district of Borken. The formerly belonging to the district of Borken community Dingden was the newly formed community Hamminkeln connected in Wesel.
The coat of arms of the district Borken shows three columns. The old territorial historical coat of arms from the May 10, 1955 lost by the circular foundation its function. Therefore, a competition was held in 1975, however, the result of which was poorly received. So the Herald Waldemar Mallek was tasked to revise an old design from him. The current coat of arms, consisting of three columns or wall anchors, symbolizing the Altkreise Ahaus and Borken, as well as the formerly independent city of Bocholt.
In the council of Borken representatives are represented by five parties and two groups of voters since the 2009 elections. The CDU has held half the seats.
The pie crusts Museum is located in Vreden and bears the name Hamaland Museum. It is the largest museum of cultural history in the Western Munsterland. The permanent exhibition shows the history of the region, church history, nature and crafts, arts and crafts and home economics. The outstanding exhibit is the Sixtus - Kasel, a sacred robe of the 7th century. The chasuble is one of the oldest preserved textiles in Germany. The Hamaland Museum shows a year at least four special exhibitions and offers an extensive museum education program. From April to October also consists of ten buildings historic courtyard can be seen that in about 200 meters from the city park of Vreden. is located.
In 2005 the district of Borken was the site and host of the Sculpture Biennale Munsterland.
The nearest airports are Airport Weeze Airport Dortmund, Dusseldorf International Airport and Münster -Osnabrück International Airport in Greven.
Private and commercial pilots can take the airport city wage Vreden. Glider pilots is beyond the airfield in Borken- Hoxfeld available.
The Borken district is served by five railway lines:
- In the west of the Bocholt track on the daily every 60 minutes except Saturday afternoons and Sunday mornings every two hours by regional train " The Bocholt " (RB 32) from Wesel to Bocholt wrong.
- Dutch -Westphalian Railway, the daily every 60 minutes from Regional Express " The Borkener " (RE 14) is served by Food to Borken and the
- Rhine rail, on the weekdays every 60 minutes on Sundays every 2 hours, the regional train " The Coesfelder " (RB 45) from Dorsten to Coesfeld ( Westphalia ) operates
- Dortmund -Gronau - Enschede railway, the daily every 60 minutes from the Westmünsterland -Bahn (RB 51) from Dortmund to Enschede ( NL) is operated and the
- Railway Minster Enschede, on the day every 60 minutes ( in peak hours every 30 minutes to Gronau ) the Euregio -Bahn (RB 64) from Muenster ( Westphalia ) to Enschede ( NL) wrong.
Will be conducted of rail transport by DB Regio NRW GmbH and North Western Railway.
The Borken district is served by two motorways and six major roads:
- A 3 ( E 35 ) Arnhem - ( Holland line) - Oberhausen - Cologne - Frankfurt - Würzburg - Nuremberg - Passau
- A 31 Emden - Leer - Meppen - Gronau - Bottrop and
- The federal highways 54, 67, 70, 224, 473, 474 and 525 Here are 49.3 km of highways and 175.2 km of federal roads in the district. On 1 January 2005 236 614 motor vehicles were registered.
Due to the change in the vehicle - approval Regulation 2012 and a decision of the county council in 2012 vehicle owners a BOR, AH or BOH Plate can select in the district of Borken since 1 February 2013, regardless of where they live.
Had a great influence on the industrialization in the district today, the textile industry with big spinning, weaving and sewing. The Textile Museum in Bocholt reminds thereto.
Today, especially small and medium-sized enterprises and craft enterprises dominate the economy in rural Westmünsterland. Great potential to its central location between the Dutch Achterhoek the Westphalian city of Münster and the Ruhr. This different logistics companies have discovered the location of its own. In the cities, Ahaus, city wage and Vreden the Graphical and printing industry have significant meaning.
Also, international companies can be found on site. In Bocholt Gigaset Communications operates a plant for the manufacture of cordless telephones and Flender AG (now part of the Siemens group ) is a world leader in drive technology. In the field of furniture production and distribution company based in the city wage Hülsta has to be mentioned.
The largest contiguous industrial area North Rhine -Westphalia is the industry Bocholt with more than 200 facilities and over 6,000 employees.
In Bocholt is a department of Westfälische Hochschule Gelsenkirchen Bocholt Recklinghausen. In the modern campus building at the Münsterstraße following courses are available: Information Technology, International Management, Mechatronics, business and industrial engineering and computer science economy. Starting in the winter semester 2010/ 11, the subject bionics is also offered.
In Heek - Nienborg there is the National Music Academy of North Rhine -Westphalia as a national central facility for musical training, continuing education and training. With courses, courses, conferences, concerts and projects she turns to amateur musicians, music educators from all areas, young musicians and interested parties.
- Radio: For the district of Borken sends Radio WMW ( Westmünsterland wave) in the private radio network of Radio NRW. Is sent from Borken.
- TV: The regional station " wm.tv " sends Regional from the districts of Borken- Recklinghausen - Steinfurt- Coesfeld. Is sent from Bocholt.