The Wesel is located in North Rhine -Westphalia and the Lower Rhine region on the northwestern edge of the Ruhr area. It belongs to the administrative district of Dusseldorf and is a member of the Regional Association of the Rhineland, Ruhr Regional Association and in the Euregio Rhine- Waal. Seat of the district is the town of Wesel.
- 3.1 District
- 3.2 Kreistag
- 3.3 Circle of Arms
- 3.4 District Partnership
- 4.1 Demographics
- 4.2 Population structure
- 5.1 traffic 5.1.1 rail and bus
- 5.1.2 roads
- 5.1.3 waterways and ports
- 6.1 Jewish Cemeteries
The Wesel district with a total area of 1042.4 km ², with a diameter 45-48 kilometer there is a district of the Lower Rhine and at the same link between the Rhine -Ruhr and the Netherlands. 45 percent of the county area ( the cities Dinslaken, Kamp- Lintfort, Moers, Neukirchen, Rheinberg, Voerde and Wesel ) belong to the urban edge zone in which approximately 80 percent of the residents of the district live. Notably, the development of the district is, however, determined by its position on both sides of the Rhine. The coordinated use of the Rhine was the main argument for the formation of the Rhine border counties in 1975., The Wesel district has 44 km on the left and 30 km rechtsrheinischem bank the largest share of the Rhine in North Rhine -Westphalia. Lippe and the Wesel- dates channel (length in the district per 23 km) flow into the Rhine near Wesel.
Circle members communities
The Wesel district is divided into 13 municipalities belonging to a county, of which six Mean kreisangehorige cities and three Big kreisangehorige are cities.
( In brackets the number of inhabitants 31 December 2012 )
Landscape and Nature
During the Tertiary, the county area was flooded up to the Cologne bay into the sea, so that up to 300 m thick clay and sand sediments were deposited, which are mined in the eastern district area some still do. Some of the not refilled clay pits have become valuable habitats, such as the current nature reserve light Hagen at Schermbeck.
During the Quaternary formed in the widely ramified system of the Rhine river gravel and sand deposits that are recognizable as terraces today. During the first cold period, a first main terrace that approach reached to the eastern county boundary and extending in the west to the Meuse was born. The following cold periods formed predominantly formed of gravel and sand lower terrace, which today occupies large parts of the Lower Rhine lowlands and is especially used for gravel extraction. Furthermore, emerged as the terminal moraines " Sonsbecker Switzerland " in Sonsbeck that " Hees " at Xanten and inland dunes in the " Diersfordter forest " near Wesel.
Termed Kendel and Leyen former Rhine courses and streams as well as the surveys referred to as Donken typical landscapes in the district. During the 18th century, the Rhine was gradually straightened and levees created throughout the district, making large parts of the previously 4-6 km wide floodplain of the Rhine and its floods were cut and dried. Also, some of the former Rhine loops were thus separated from the river and some are still preserved, as well as a few as " seas" designated backwaters of the Rhine, which are like the " Bislicher sea " predominantly classified as nature reserves. One of only two still largely intact floodplains in the district is the nature reserve island with Bislicher Xanten Old Rhine, the second floodplain can be found in the nature reserve " Lippeaue " to Schermbeck. The majority of the former floodplains is today occupied by salt marshes, which are used predominantly agricultural green space.
In the district there are 73 nature reserves with a total area of 131 km ². The remaining floodplains and the dyke foreland serve today as an important wintering area for over 60,000 Arctic wild geese and ducks. Around 40 guided in the red list species of birds nest in these areas. Due to this importance as a habitat large parts of the former floodplain in the districts Wesel and Kleve and the city of Duisburg are protected as a wetland " Lower Lower Rhine " and the eponymous bird sanctuary, in particular the agricultural use and the promotion of gravel, sand, and salts in these areas to reduce. Also in other parts of the district were formerly extensive wetland and meadow areas, one of which due to intensive agricultural use only a few, such as the nature reserve " Dingdener Heide", remained.
Other nature reserves were established in the extremely rare in the district heathlands, such as the " Loos mountains " in Schermbeck and the rabbits mountains at Hunxe. Furthermore, there is a variety of moorlands under protection, such as the areas of black water, " Schnepf mountain," Large Veen and the " Aaper Vennekes ". To further ensure the protection of nature and landscape, were first landscape plans for the areas Hunxe / Schermbeck, Hamminkeln and Sonsbeck / Xanten, soon set for the areas Alps / Rheinberg, Dinslaken / Voerde and Wesel it.
Neighboring districts or urban -
The Wesel district is bordered to the north by the district of Borken, to the east by the district of Recklinghausen and the district-free city of Bottrop, in the southeast of the independent city of Oberhausen, on the south by the cities of Duisburg and Krefeld, and the district of Viersen and to the west by the county Cleves.
The Wesel district is created in the course of the second restructuring program as almost all districts in North Rhine -Westphalia on January 1, 1975. With the Lower Rhine Act of July 9, 1974 essential parts of the former counties Dinslaken, Moers and Rees were combined with sub-areas of the circles Borken and Recklinghausen to the new district of Wesel. Previously, the local government reform had been anticipated in part, at the community level as early as 1 July 1969, the first phase of the restructuring. For the local government reform of the circles a set of principles has been developed aiming at an enlargement of the existing units. The minimum size were 150,000, in urban agglomerations even 200,000 inhabitants. Otherwise, the principles of the National Development Plan had to be considered, according to which the circles represent economic and spatial units and their boundaries in a balanced variety of sub-centers and resources centers should have. Development axes were not allowed to be boundaries, but should be cross- cut because of the interdependence of mutual use.
Based on these principles, in 1975 the new district of Wesel with a total area of 1,042 km ² and a population of 412,000 has been formed. In terms of population, he was now the fifth largest of the 31 counties of North Rhine- Westphalia. The surface after the Wesel district is 1042.4 km ² with above the then North Rhine-Westphalia average size of 973 km ². The town of Wesel was the seat of the new circle, although Moers was the city with the largest population in the district, because Wesel has a more central location and is easier to achieve for the people of the sub-centers equipped with fewer powers.
At the beginning of the year 2005, the CDU faction in the council the application for renaming of the Wesel in " Lower Rhine district of Wesel ," for the purpose of identification and tourism - measure using the model of the Rhein-Kreis Neuss. In an informal Internet survey until the end of the year, but spoke from 1,579 of 2,884 voting against the renaming. The application was subsequently withdrawn.
After the Wesel district had its debt by selling his shares in RWE AG, demanded in April 2007, the groups of the CDU, SPD, Greens, FDP and UWW in the city of Wesel Council resolution of Wesel and the distribution of tasks to the individual municipalities, which the county levy saved and thus after the fractions believes costs could be lowered. For the dissolution of the district, however, the change in the state constitution would be necessary, which grants the circles inventory guarantees.
In autumn 2007, the factions of the CDU, the FDP and the Greens in the district council and the mayors of several municipalities belonging reaffirmed their projects at the earliest possible date, October 20, 2009 to withdraw from the Ruhr Regional Association (RVR ). This was justified by doubts about the economic viability of the membership of the RVR and the fear to play a subordinate, self-determined role as part of the Ruhr Association. The necessary for the discharge of two-thirds majority of 45 votes of the County Council, however, was missed by voting against the SPD by three votes.
The District Administrator is the chief political representative of the district and the lowest state agency.
The 66 seats on the council are distributed according to the results of the local elections in 2009 follows on the individual parties:
Already after the first council meeting any member left the left and moved to the United Voter Communities ( VWG ). Thus, the allocation of mandates changed to two for the left and three for the VWG. In December 2010, another member left the Left and now works as a non-attached MEPs, thus, the number of seats for the Left reduced to one.
SPD, Greens and VWG form a coalition.
Circle of Arms
The coat of arms of Wesel shows an embodiment shown in silver ( white) Lower Rhine pollard willow in green field. The three root approaches refer to the three Altkreise Dinslaken, Moers and Rees, while the 13 branches represent symbolically the connection with the county's municipalities. At the same time the coat of arms is indicative of the many natural areas and the will be expressed to preserve this landscape. The Kopfweide imprinted in many parts of the picture of the cultural landscape of the Lower Rhine. The coat of arms was approved on 14 July 1978.
Throughout the district, a slight decrease in population since the late 1990s to determine. Within six months from December 2005 to June 2006 as was the population of the district of 476 428 475 993 on. The only exceptions in the district were present Hamminkeln, which after 2005 reported a rebound after a small decline in population from 2004, and Xanten, which lists the only city in the district for over a decade continuous growth.
Official population figures as at 31 December:
(As of December 31, 2003)
Infrastructure and economy
Rail and bus
The Wesel district is served by three railway lines:
- Of Holland route ( KBS 420), on the rail passenger transport ( regional rail ) next to the long-distance passenger and freight transport
- Bocholt Train ( KBS 421), on the rail passenger transport
- The Lower Rhine line ( KBS 498 ), on the rail passenger transport
Is performed the rail passenger transport ( regional rail ) by DB Regio NRW and since 2009 the North Western Railway.
In the road passenger transport following six Städteschnellbus lines tap into the circle area:
The circulating between Dinslaken and Duisburg tram line 903 and bus routes complement the local and supra-local offer.
For the entire public transport tariff of the transport association Rhein- Ruhr and collective space border of the NRW rate applies
The Wesel district is served by six federal motorways and federal highways:
- A 3 ( E 35 ) Arnhem ( Holland line) -Oberhausen -Cologne- Frankfurt -Passau
- A 31 - Emden Bottrop
- A 40 Venlo -Duisburg -Essen- Bochum -Dortmund
- A 42 Kamp- Lintfort Moers -Duisburg- Oberhausen- Castrop -Rauxel
- A 57 ( E 31 ) Nijmegen - Cologne
- A 59 - Dinslaken Duisburg
- The federal highways 8, 57, 58, 70, 473 and 510
Rhine -border exist in the Wesel district
- A road bridge in Wesel on the B 58 at Rhein river km 814 ( Wesel Lower Rhine bridge ), and
- Two ferry routes:
To cross the lip may also from Easter to October, the greed rope - ferry, which will be used " obstructionist " in the amount of the transformer station of RWE Rhein -Ruhr AG.
Waterways and ports
The Rhine River and the Wesel- dates channel form the basis for four -run ports in the district:
- The port Orsoy ( Rhine - km 794 ) in Rheinberg - Orsoy
- The port Emmelsum ( Rhine - km 813 and km channel 0) in Voerde
- The Rhein- Lippe- port ( Rhine - km 813 and km channel 0) and
- The Urban Rhine Port Wesel (between the Rhine river km 814.50 to 815.90 ) in Wesel.
- The Rhine harbor " Momm " in Rheinberger district Borth.
The local radio station Radio K. W. (Radio Wesel ) sends his program from the radio studios at the Berliner Tor Center in Wesel. It can be received via the transmitter Wesel and the Moers telecommunications tower in the entire district area. In addition, radio operates K. W. in cooperation with the community colleges and the Friends Radio KW eV six radio workshops, which broadcasts the civil radio are produced.
Among the most important sports clubs in the district include the TV Voerde, whose women's team in the fist ball next to a variety of national and international titles the World Cup won in 2001, and the Moers SC, whose men's team plays in the Volleyball Bundesliga and 1992 German champion. The SV Schermbeck plays as höchstklassige football team in the district in the fünftklassigen NRW-Liga. The TuS Xanten as the host of the Nibelung triathlon resulted in success in athletics and triathlon competitions.
14 Jewish cemeteries have been documented for the district of Wesel in Alpine ( 1), in Dinslaken ( 2), Hunxe ( 1), in Kamp -Lintfort ( 1), Moers ( 1), in Rheinberg ( 2), in Schermbeck ( 1), in Sonsbeck ( 2), Wesel ( 2) and in Xanten ( 1) .. There are worth protecting cultural monuments - stone witnesses for previously existing Jewish communities and a lively Jewish community life until the 1930s.