The Viersen district is located on the Lower Rhine in the west of North Rhine -Westphalia. It belongs to the administrative district of Dusseldorf and is a member of the Regional Association of the Rhineland. Seat of the district is the town of Viersen.
- 3.1 Kreistag
- 3.2 senior district directors of Viersen
- 3.3 Country councils of the district Viersen
- 3.4 emblem, seal and flag
- 3.5 partnership
- 4.1 Jewish Cemeteries
- 5.1 rail and bus
- 5.2 roads
- 5.3 Economics
The total area of the district is 563.29 km ². The maximum extent measures in North-South direction 28.7 km in west-east direction 39.0 km; the circular border is 148 km long. The highest elevation in the district are the Süchtelner heights with 90,70 m.
Landscape and nature conservation areas
These include: the Krickenbecker lakes, the Elmpter Schwalm break, the moorlands, the Lüsekamp and Boschbeek, the grass heath and Mülhausener Benden, the Süchtelner heights, the Salbruch and Bockerter Heide and the Schwalm -Nette as part of the German / Dutch Nature Park Maas- Schwalm -Nette.
Circle members communities
The Viersen district is divided into nine kreisangehorige communities, four of which Middle kreisangehorige cities and a Great kreisangehorige are town. The municipalities are basically self responsible, while the circle for smaller municipalities accepts local and otherwise on local tasks for their local affairs.
In the National Development Plan of NRW all the cities of the circle and Schwalmtal are reported as means centers, the remaining municipalities are basic centers.
( In parenthesis the number of inhabitants 31 December 2012 )
Neighboring districts or urban -
The district of Viersen is bordered to the north by the district of Kleve, on the east by the county-level city of Krefeld and the Rhein-Kreis Neuss, in the south of the district-free city Mönchengladbach and the circle Heinberg and in the west with a length of 37 km of the Dutch province of Limburg.
In 1970 a comprehensive municipal reorganization of the circle Kempen -Krefeld. From the formerly independent urban Dülken Süchteln and Viersen and the community Boisheim the new town of Viersen was. The previously independent city of Viersen was incorporated into the circle, then the City Sea bush belonging to communities in the East came to the district of Neuss. Of the remaining 26 municipalities, eight new municipalities were formed.
The Viersen district was established in 1975 by renaming the circle Kempen -Krefeld, the county seat of Kempen to Viersen was moved. Here also the community Niederkruechten was incorporated from the circle Heinberg and belonging to Kempen neighborhood sleeve outsourced to the city of Krefeld. Temporarily until moving into the new house circuit 1984, the county government was still at the old county town of Kempen.
There are serials of Viersen (eg annual home directory ) with extensive historical information. The District Archives is in Kempen Kempen in the castle.
The County Council Election on 30 August 2009 led to below distribution of the 64 seats ( 60) District Council (in brackets the number of seats on the County Council Election on September 26, 2004). After Parteiaus - or - over disputed the seats are distributed as follows among the individual groups:
- CDU 28 (30), seats ( 30)
- SPD: 15 seats (16 )
- FDP: 8 seats ( 7)
- GREEN: 8 ( 7) seats ( 7)
- LEFT: 2 seats (-)
- Independent voters Community Viersen ( UWKV ): 1 seat (-)
- NPD: 1 seat (-)
- No party affiliation: 1 (-) seat (-)
Senior district directors of Viersen
Country councils of the district Viersen
Coat of arms, seal and flag
The former county Kempen -Krefeld has been granted approval by deed of the top presidents of the Rhine Province on 13 May 1932 to lead the arms described below. The present district Viersen leads this coat of arms continues since the name change in 1975.
In the arms of the cross is incorporated as a national emblem of the Elector of Cologne with the black lion as a coat of arms of the Duke of Jülich and the golden lion as a coat of arms of the Duke of funds. By the end of the Old Kingdom, the territory of the district Viersen was under these rulers.
The Viersen district has been granted approval by deed of the provincial government in Dusseldorf on 16 October 1980 to fly the flag described below.
Since 1983, a partnership between the district of Viersen and the English county of Cambridge. The official partnership agreements were more than ten years of successful efforts to advance contacts between clubs, schools and groups. Thus, the partnership celebration sealed numerous long -standing contacts for which the administrative heads Rudolf H. Müller ( circle Kempen-Krefeld/Kreis Viersen ) and John K. Barratt ( Cambridgeshire ) have worked at the forefront.
Culture and sights
In the district are sporadically visible remains of the former West Walls and Ruins of the air base Venlo Herongen from the Second World War. Even traces and remains of Napoleon's Grand Canal du Nord are still recognizable.
The Neersen castle is surrounded by a large park.
In the Sculpture Collection Viersen, which surrounds the City Gallery in the Park, there are, inter alia, objects of Anthony Cragg, Heerich, Roberto Matta, Karl Horst Hödicke and the New Star by Mark di Suvero.
The Festhalle Viersen is a widely known beyond the circle performance buildings for shows and concerts, as well as the venue for the three-band world championship for national teams ( billiards) and venue of an annual international jazz festival.
The amateur theater scene is diverse: in addition to folk theater classic literature, cabaret and is offered "modern drama". Examples of these are called the Nettetaler theater in the attic and the Volksbühne Viersen and the game crowd Brüggen.
In Kaldenkirchener Grenzwald to Nettetal are the nature reserve of the moorlands, arboretum Sequoia Farm and Geo -hydrological water garden. In the Schwalm -Nette are numerous former water mills that are now available to the public (restaurants / hotels).
On Krickenbecker See the Krickenbeck Castle are (not accessible), the Textile Museum The barn and an information center.
In the circle live many cultural figures, including the artist Georg Ettl, the jazz musician Ali Haurand and authors Paul Esser, and Peter Herbert Sleegers Klusen as well as the publisher and author Iris hangover.
22 Jewish cemeteries have been documented for the district of Viersen in Brüggen ( 3), in Grefrath ( 1), in Kempen ( 1), in Nettetal ( 3), Schwalmtal ( 3), in Tönisvorst ( 2) in Viersen (5 ) and in Willich (4). There are worth protecting cultural monuments - stone witnesses for previously existing Jewish communities and a lively Jewish community life until the 1930s.
Infrastructure and economy
Rail and bus
Operate rail passenger transport
In the road passenger transport is the only tram line runs in a circle of Tönisvorst -St. Tönis in the neighboring Krefeld. The bus clock is the hours on weekdays and Saturday mornings predominant. Subsequently, and on Sundays and holidays there is often only a two -hour intervals.
The regional bus services in the district of Viersen operate the SWK MOBIL and the bus Rhineland ( BVR). Main operator of public transport in the city of Viersen is the niederrhein plants viersen mobil GmbH, but operates largely insulated over the city limits. Individual lines ( in Waldniel, Elmpt, Willich, Viersen - Süchteln, Grefrath ) also operates the Lower Rhine Supply and Transport ( Mobius ) from Mönchengladbach.
For the entire public transport tariff of the transport association Rhein- Ruhr applies (VRR ) and collective space border of the NRW - tariff.
The Viersen district is tied to the federal highways 40, 44, 52 and 61. In addition, the district area yet been developed by several federal highways, including through B 7 and B 9
The economy in the Viersen is very versatile. In addition to high -tech industry ( inter alia in Viersen ) and services, agriculture is in a circle still a very visually prominent industry, but where only about 1 percent of social insurance contributions work.
- Remedial Education Centre Krefeld - Viersen