C. V. Raman
CV Raman was born on 7 November 1888 as the son of a maths and physics teachers in Tiruchirappalli ( Trichinopoly ) in South India. He attended from 1902, the Presidency College in Chennai ( Madras), where in 1904 he received his BA and 1907, the M. A. obtained. Because at that time were present unfavorable conditions for an academic career, he took a position at the Indian Ministry of Finance - however, he found ways, in his spare time, his experimental research in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Advancement of Science in Kolkata ( Calcutta) to continue. In 1917, the newly created Palit Chair of Physics at the University of Calcutta offered him, which he accepted. He joined in 1933 as a professor at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and after 1948 was director of the Raman Research Institute, which he himself built and managed.
Raman founded 1926, the Indian Journal of Physics and promoted the construction of an Indian Academy of Sciences, of which he was a founding president.
Raman died on 21 November 1970 at Bangalore. His nephew Subramanyan Chandrasekhar was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics. Worked at his institute at times also S. Pancharatnam and Sivaramakrishna Chandrasekhar, which are also related to him.
Raman is especially known for the experimental discovery of the Raman scattering ( inelastic scattering of light, the elastic scattering is called Rayleigh scattering). The derived method of Raman spectroscopy is one of the most important methods of investigation of the molecular and solid state physics and an important method of material characterization. Further research concerning the modeling of the viscosity of liquids.