Gloucester [ glɒstə ] is a city in the southwest of England, near the border with Wales. 2012 was the population of 123 439 inhabitants. Gloucester is the traditional administrative center of the county of Gloucestershire. Together with the neighboring Cheltenham is the city seat of the University of Gloucestershire.
Gloucester itself is located on the left, the eastern bank of the Severn, about 185 kilometers west-north- west of London. It is surrounded by the Cotswolds to the east, while the Malvern Hills and the Forest of Dean to rise in the west and northwest.
Gloucester has a port which connects the Gloucester and Sharpness ship canal with the embarkation on the Severn. This makes it allows ships, in spite of the tidal flow, to achieve the dock. Until the 1980s, the former harbor district fell with the warehouses and store until finally brought back the renewal of the district lives in the district. Meanwhile, here also the National Waterways Museum is housed, an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH ) as well as numerous high-quality apartments, shops and bars.
The Holy Trinity of Gloucester near the river in the north of the city's cathedral stands on the foundations of an ancient monastery dating from the year 681, St. Peter was dedicated. Here King Edward II was buried in England. Numerous gabled and half-timbered houses of the medieval period Gloucester are preserved. At the intersection of the four main streets of the city, the Tolsey, the town hall, which was replaced by a modern building in 1894. None of the previous public buildings has been preserved with the exception of the New Inn in Northgate Street (1450 ). The New Inn was built for the pilgrims to the shrine of Edward II by Abbot Sebroke.
In addition to numerous churches exist in Gloucester still several smaller chapels. Four churches stand out in their meaning:
- St. Mary de Lode, with a tower and the pulpit from the Norman period, which was built on a Roman temple complex and thus the first Christian church in Britain should be.
- St. Mary de Crypt, from the 12th century, with later additions and the must-see tower.
- The Church of St. Michael, which was said to be built to connect with the ancient Abbey of St. Peter and
- The Church of St. Nicholas, originally a Norman building, the tower and extensions come from later times.
In the vicinity of St. Mary de Crypt remains of Greyfriars and Blackfriars monasteries have been preserved. Parts of the city walls can be seen here.
The historical tradition of a British settlement at Gloucester ( Caer Glow, Gleawecastre, Gleucestre ) can not be confirmed by documentary evidence. During the Roman occupation of Gloucester was identical to the garrison or colony of Glevum, founded in the reign of Nerva. Parts of the former ramparts can be demonstrated by numerous archaeological finds like shards and coins prove this. Inscriptions, however, are hardly obtained. Evidence for the survival of the settlement after the end of the Roman occupation can be found in the Historia Brittonum, where it is reported that the grandfather of Vortigern Gloucester to have reigned. With the Battle of Deorham 577 Gloucester was an estate of Wessex.
Due to its ideal riverside location 681 the Abbey of St. Peter was founded by Æthelred, which helped the city to a flower; even before the conquest of England by the Normans, was the Borough ( an administrative region ) ruled by a Portreeve, who resided in a castle that was used as a royal residence.
The first Norman ruler, Earl Godwine, was succeeded nearly a century later by Robert of Gloucester. King Henry II of England granted a charter of the year 1155 the citizens of the same rights as the citizens of London and Winchester. The second charter of Henry II the free passage was guaranteed over the Severn. The first charter was confirmed in 1194 by King Richard I.. The Charter of King John in the year 1200, the rights of the city were considerably expanded.
The Battle of Gloucester in 1643 was one of the most important battles of the English Civil War, from which emerged the Parliamentary troops victorious.
Until the construction of the Severn Bridge in 1966 Gloucester was the lowest crossing point of the river. There is a road bridge which has been built by Thomas Telford in 1829 and is notable for its very flat arch construction. But because of their elegance and its narrow width it is no longer used for traffic. Since 1974 it has been added in parallel a modern road bridge.
One of the strangest British traditions that is carried on for 200 years, the origin of which is unknown, will take place on the last weekend in May at Coopers Hill, Gloucester, place - the annual cheese rolling.
On 23 July 2007 Gloucester was hit by a flood of the century, flooding large parts of the city.
- Germany Trier in Germany since June 29, 1959
- France Metz in France
- Netherlands Gouda in the Netherlands
Sons and daughters of the town
- Glyn Ford ( born 1950 ), politician
- Ivor Gurney (1890-1937), composer and poet
- William Hayes (1708-1777), organist and composer
- William Ernest Henley (1849-1903), writer
- Callum MacLeod (* 1988), British racing driver
- Berkely Mather (1909-1996), writer
- George Washborne Morgan (1822-1892), organist and composer
- William Moseley (* 1987), actor
- Simon Pegg ( b. 1970 ), comedian, actor and screenwriter
- Robert Raikes (1735-1811), newspaper publisher and social reformer, founder of Sunday schools
- Susan Sallis ( born 1929 ), writer
- Fred West (1941-1995), serial killers
- George Whitefield (1714-1770), preacher and co-founder of Methodism
- Nathan James Sykes (* 1993), singer of the band The Wanted