The Hohe Tauern are a high mountain region of the Central Alps in Austria. The 120 km long and up to 3,798 m high main ridge, the geographic center of the Eastern Alps dar. Here are - in addition to the Ötztal Alps - Austria's highest mountains. The Hafner group (some of the Ankogelgroup ) has the easternmost three peaks of the Alps.
For the etymology of the name Tauern, as well as related terms, see the main article Tauern.
Location and Mountain Ranges
The Hohe Tauern mountains are located in the Austrian states of Salzburg, Carinthia and Tirol ( Tyrol ). The 150- km long main ridge marks the border between Salzburg and the other two countries; its southwestern boundary is part of the Italian province of South Tyrol / Alto Adige.
The northern boundary is the valley of the Salzach River, the southern Drava valley. To the west of the Hohe Tauern of Krimml River and Campo Tures be limited, to the east of Großarltal, Murwinkel and Katschberg Pass (1642 m). West of the Birnlücke ( 2667 m, the Krimml Tauern ) is followed by the Zillertal Alps at, northeast of Murtörls ( 2260 m), the summit of the Radstadt Tauern (see also Low Tauern ).
According to the orographic division of the Eastern Alps (AVE ) by the German and Austrian Alpine Club, the Hohe Tauern mountain divided into the following groups ( from west to east ):
- Venedigergruppe (highest peak 3662 m above sea GROßVENEDIGER. A. ) with Durreck Range, Panargenkamm and Lasörlinggruppe
- Granatspitzgruppe ( Big Muntanitz 3236 m)
- Glocknergruppe ( Grossglockner 3798 m)
- Goldberg Group ( Hocharn 3254 m)
- Ankogelgroup ( Hochalmspitze 3360 m) with Hafner and Reisseck.
In the south of the Tauern main ridge are upstream:
- Rieserfernergruppe ( Hochgall 3436 m)
- Villgratner mountains or Defereggengebirge ( White Lace 2963m )
- Schober Group ( Petzeck 3283 m)
- Kreuzeckgruppe ( Polinik 2,784 m).
National Park and Geology
In the center of the region is the National Park Hohe Tauern, in which the Austrian Alpine Association and landowners have introduced important area proportions in the three provinces of Tyrol, Salzburg and Carinthia. It is 1,836 km ², the largest of the six Austrian national parks and thus also the largest in the Alps. The reserve is divided into a core zone ( Nature Zone under the IUCN ) and an outer zone ( marginal zone ) with forest and alpine pastures.
Tourism has increased only slightly more since the establishment of national parks and resorted to high-quality " green tourism " and natural gentle mountain climbing. Environmental protection and the preservation of original acquisition branches will receive specific attention. Some reservoirs play an important role ( Kaprun, Stubach and Malta Valley ) for the energy industry. In Felbertal the scheelite tungsten ore is mined; the degradation here alone makes Austria 's fourth biggest sponsors of world tungsten.
The geology of the Hohe Tauern mountain range is dominated by crystalline rocks and shales, the structure of the mountain, however, is unusually complicated. From Paleozoic gneisses and mica schists and phyllites over quartzites up to Mesozoic limestones there is a wide variety, which is further reinforced by the tectonics of the " Tauern Window ". This also makes the charm of the landscape: from vertical rock faces and sharp ridges are found all transitions up to soft green hills and moors. Steep cirques and glaciers change with karstic plateaus and whole groups of mountain lakes, popular peaks with those who will never climbed. The ice edge of the Hohe Tauern runs 2700-2900 m.
The northward leading to the Salzach valley Stufenbau ( glacial trough valleys ) with waterfalls and huge gorges ( Gastein and Liechtenstein Gorge, Kitzlochklamm etc. ) that are developed for visitors with safe lands. Major transport connections via / through the Hohe Tauern mountains are the Felbertauerntunnel, the scenic Grossglockner High Alpine Road, the Tauern tunnel (railway) and the Katschberg Tunnel ( Tauern motorway ).