K -1 is a arisen in the 1980s martial arts rules with the aim of being able to leave fighters from various martial arts against each other makes sense. It was invented by Kazuyoshi Ishii in Japan. K- 1 combines techniques from boxing, karate, Muay Thai, Taekwondo, Kickboxing, Savate, and many other martial arts. Not to be confused is the K-1 rules with the associated K-1 organization which is organized by the FEG ( Fighting & Entertainment Group ). Events or individual fights can be contested under K -1 rules, without having anything to do with the K-1 organization. This already complicated circumstances, in addition to the fact that K-1 is already hard to distinguish for laymen of Muay Thai or kickboxing, leads to many misunderstandings.
The "K " is derived from the many martial arts, containing as initial letters "K", from ( Karate, Kung Fu, Kempo, kickboxing, all part of the Kakutogi family, which means something like martial arts ). It is also a pun on the abbreviation of the Formula 1 (F1 ), so stirred the tournament name " K -1 Grand Prix".
Is often mistakenly assumed K-1 is its own martial art, but compete in K-1 mainly representatives of different martial arts, which comply with the common rules. It is therefore to be classified rather than own competitive nature. Are not permitted, for example, clinching or the use of elbows ( eg from the Muay Thai ) and throws ( eg from the Judo ).
K-1 fights are in the tournament in three rounds of three minutes with a possible extension of up to five rounds, fixed. This relatively low number of rounds is related to the tournament rules, which runs after the elimination principle, so that a fighter has to pass one evening up to three fights. Variations are possible, in general, the fighting time of the class of fighters and on whether it is a tournament fight, or not. The diverse and dangerous attack vectors that minimize the chance for a long fight anyway, are one reason for the short compared to boxing or kickboxing fight times.
The largest K-1 tournament in the world, "K -1 World Grand Prix Final ", is held annually in Tokyo at the Tokyo Dome.
On television, K -1 seen in Europe on the TV channels Euro Sport.
- 2.1 Winners of the K- 1 World Grand Prix
- 2.2 Winners of the K -1 World MAX Grand Prix
Rules and tactics of the K-1
The basic objective of the K -1 is to win as with other full contact sports, by knockout or referee decision. Three judges awarded points for made beats, which determine in a fight over the full distance between victory and defeat.
Rules and associations
Now there are many associations that are based on the K- 1, but use their own interpretations in Germany.
In general, all organizations orient the K-1 offer on Japanese model and are very similar.
Summary of the rules ( abbreviated version):
- Boxing gloves to prevent injury.
- The weight of the fighters must be identical or similar. There are weight classes such as the pit.
- Fighters should be able to demonstrate similar levels wherever possible. It is compared to the number of battle, but they lost in the pros value, while it applies for beginners as very important and focus.
- Each fight goes on up to five laps with a lap length of three minutes for the professionals minute or two for beginners. Variations are possible.
- The battle ends by knockout, technical knockout, " points ", " disqualification ", " draw ", " without a fight " or " task".
- Both the referee and the ringside doctor have full powers to end the fight.
- The fight will be evaluated by three judges after a ten-point system. ( The winner of the round receives ten points, the loser nine or less. Event of a draw both fighters receive ten points. )
- If after three rounds present a draw, the points expire, and followed by an additional round. The judges then assess only the additional round. If, after the addition of rounds still present a draw, the judges evaluate even the smallest differences and the struggle rhythm. A fight can only end in a draw if both fighters go at the same time on the floor and not get up again.
- It is the "three- precipitation - rule". Go down three times in one round resulting in a technical knockout.
- It is the " mandatory eight- count ." The referee has to count for each rainfall until at least eight.
- It is the "standing 8- count" ( The referee has the right to tell a fighter when hit, if its constitution seems too dangerous for the continuation of the struggle. )
- A fighter can be "saved bell " only in the last round of the.
The following actions are considered to be the K-1 rule violation ( abbreviated version):
- Blows on forbidden parts of the body, such as low blows or blows to the knee, on the back of the head and the back
- Strokes with head or elbow
- Throws and task handles
- Choking and biting
- Attacks on a horizontal or upright downed opponent
- Attacking the opponent after the referee has declared a break
- Holding the ropes
- Insults against the referee or opponent
- The attempt to throw the opponent out of the ring
- Voluntary departure of the ring during the fight
- Passive fighting behavior, including continuous brackets
- More than one attack during the holding of the opponent's foot or neck with both hands ( an action, release )
A fighter shall be punished as follows:
- Pronounced teachings are exclusively for minor offenses - "instruction"
- "Warning" - When rule violations
- " Penalized " - Two warnings result in a point deduction, hard and obviously intentional fouls can draw an immediate point deduction according to
- After repeated offenses declared the fight is canceled and the disadvantaged to the winner - " disqualification "
Winners of the K- 1 World Grand Prix
Winners of the K -1 World MAX Grand Prix
- 2002 - Albert Kraus
- 2003 - Masato
- 2004 - Buakaw Por.Pramuk
- 2005 - Andy Souwer
- 2006 - Buakaw Por.Pramuk
- 2007 - Andy Souwer
- 2008 - Masato
- 2009 - Giorgio Petrosyan
- 2010 - Giorgio Petrosyan
- 2012 - Murthel Groenhart
- More Fighters: Australia: Paul Slowinski, Peter Graham, John Wayne Parr
- Brazil: Faith Feitosa, Francisco Filho
- Germany: Stefan Leko, Khalid Arrab
- France: Jerome Le Banner, Cyril Abidi
- Greece: Mike Zambidis
- Japan: Musashi, Yusuke Fujimoto
- Canada: Gary Goodridge
- Croatia: Mirko Filipovic
- New Zealand: Ray Sefo
- Netherlands: Semmy Schilt, Ernesto Hoost, Remy Bonjasky, Peter Aerts, Albert Kraus, Andy Souwer, Alistair Overeem
- Morocco: Badr Hari
- Russia Ruslan Karaev
- Switzerland: Bjorn Bregy, Azem Maksutaj
- South Korea: Choi Hong -man
- Suriname: Tyrone Spong, Ismael Londt
- Thailand: Kaoklai Kaennorsing, Buakaw Por. Pramuk
- Turkey: Serkan Yılmaz, Murat Direkci, Gökhan Saki
- USA: Bob Sapp, Carter Williams, Mighty Mo
- Belarus: Alexey Ignashov