Leiva (La Rioja)
Leiva is a Spanish city on the lower reaches of the river Tirón in the La Rioja region with about 282 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013).
Leiva is located in the far western part of La Rioja province about 300 meters east of the Río Tirón fed by the reservoir. Just 58 kilometers drive away the town of Logroño; the next largest cities are Haro (20 kilometers east ) and Miranda de Ebro ( about 29 kilometers north ). Located on the Santiago capital of Valle, Santo Domingo de la Calzada, is only about 12.5 kilometers southeast.
In the second half of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century, the place was always about 600 inhabitants. Due to the mechanization of agriculture and the resulting lower demand for labor, the population has declined significantly since the mid-20th century.
Traditionally the first place in the economic life of the community is agriculture and especially the wine. Leiva is part of the growing region of Rioja Alta. In addition, wheat, barley, potatoes, and vegetables are cultivated.
On the history of the place is no information available.
- The approximately 200 meters south of the center standing Castle (Castillo de Leiva ) is a well maintained property from the 15th century. A square and three octagonal towers enclose a rectangular courtyard; one of the towers ( torre de homenaje ) is significantly larger and higher than the other three.
- The three-nave church is surrounded by a row of houses and also dates from the 15th century. The west facade impressed by a mighty tower on a square base with a high portal arch. In the center of the rather small altarpiece before the straight end of the choir left aisle there is a crucifixion scene.
- The small single-nave church hermit ( Ermita de la Virgen Peregrina) from the 18th century is just outside the town and is the target of an annual procession. The small church has a south portal, but a bell gable ( espadaña ) on the otherwise unadorned western facade.
- Antonio de Leyva (1480-1536), commander of Charles V in Italy wars