Line 1 (Madrid Metro)

Line 1 (Spanish Línea 1, short L-1 ) is a subway line of the Madrid Metro. It runs from the Plaza de Castilla after Valdecarros, is 23.9 km long and has 33 stations. The average distance between stations is 717 meters. The route runs entirely underground. The L-1 belongs to the low-profile network of the metro and the length of the stations is 90 meters. At nine stations can be switched to other metro lines, at three stations for electric train Cercanías.


The construction of the L-1 began on July 17, 1917, nearly half a year after the founding of the Metro company. On October 17 In 1919, King Alfonso XIII. officially the first section. This resulted from Sol to Cuatro Caminos. The scheduled time of operation was taken exactly two weeks later. The new transport proved from the outset as a great success, the price of land along the route rose sharply. The metro company wanted to profit from the real estate boom and allowed west of Cuatro Caminos, built at what was then the outskirts, an entire district.

From an extension to the Atocha train station, the company promised an even higher ridership. This section was opened on December 26, 1921. The intermediate station Progreso (now Tirso de Molina ) had been planned so that a branch line towards Legazpi could be built. But the plans were changed a few years later. For this reason, the L-1 and L-3 today intersect within a few hundred meters twice; first at the station Sol, then again shortly after Tirso de Molina. On 8 May 1923, further prolongation followed south to Puente de Vallecas. The northern extension to Tetuan followed on March 6, 1929.

On February 4, 1961, the L-1 extended from Tetuan to the present northern terminus Plaza de Castilla. The former planning before saw that further prolong L-1 to Chamartín railway station and after Fuencarral; this compound, however, is now covered by the L-10. On July 2, 1962 saw at the other end of the line the prolongation after Portazgo. The stations in these new sections were built with 90 meter long platforms. Until 1966, the older stations that had a length of 60 meters, have been adjusted accordingly. So long trains could be used. However, was not rebuilt the station Chamberí because it was removed by this measure only 230 or 310 meters from the stations Iglesia and Bilbao. The closure of this station took place on 21 May 1966.

In the late 1980s the Atocha station has been postponed by a few hundred meters to the south. Building upon the existing Metro station now was too far away from the platforms, they built a little farther to the southeast a new station called Atocha Renfe, which became operational on 25 July 1988. The line was subsequently extended in two stages over Portazgo addition to the southeast, initially in April 1994 by Miguel Hernández and finally on March 4, 1999 after Congosto. At the stopover Sierra de Guadalupe a pedestrian connection to the Cercanías station Vallecas, which was in turn displaced by 500 meters to the east arose.

In 2007, shortly after another three extensions were put into operation: First, on March 30 from Plaza Castilla to Chamartín train station, then on April 11 of Chamartín to Pinar de Chamartín, and finally on 17 May of Congosto after Valdecarros.

L- 1 | L 2 | L- 3 | L 4 | L 5 | L 6 | L 7 | L 8 | L 9 | L-10 | L -11 | L -12 | R

  • Metro Madrid
  • Metro route
  • Track width 1445 mm