London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
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The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine ( LSHTM short or " London School " ) is a college of the University of London, specializing in the fields of public health, epidemiology, international health and tropical medicine. The training takes place exclusively postgraduate, ie no bachelor degree programs are offered.
The London School is organized into different departments ( the Department ), the Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, which mainly methodological and epidemiological issues concerned, the Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, which unites the laboratory related research directions of the School, and the Department of Public Health and Policy, which focuses on the application fields of research.
The London School was founded in 1899 by Sir Patrick Manson as the London School of Tropical Medicine, but was still at another site in London's Docklands. Manson was a doctor who had worked 1860-1880 in the Far East, where he met tropical diseases and was confronted with the limits of his knowledge. After he returned to London, he was appointed advisor to the Colonial Office. Since many British citizens died from tropical diseases that might be prevented if the doctors would have been better trained, he initiated their training through the establishment of the school, which was initially settled on a hospital ship.
In 1920, the LSHTM moved into the center of London, in the Endsleigh Gardens. 1921 recommended the Athlone Committee the formation of a government institution, which should be a world leader in the promotion of public health and tropical medicine. This extended school now received the name London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in 1924.
The main building was located in 1929 in the Keppel Street in the Bloomsbury district. The acquisition of the land and the construction of the building were made possible by a donation of 2 million U.S. dollars from the Rockefeller Foundation.
The building of the LSHTM was designed in the Art Deco style of the architect Morley Horder and Verner Rees. Many details point to the use of the school as a teaching and research institute for Public Health and Tropical Medicine. Thus, various insects are simulated, for example, in the small metal bars on the windows, which are important as vectors of disease. In the frieze, which runs below the roof around the school, the names of important research figures are cited, among other things, on the south side of Ronald Ross ( discovered the malaria cycle), William Farr ( formed the National Statistics ), Edward Jenner ( developed the smallpox vaccine), Patrick Manson (founder of LSHTM ), Joseph Lister ( introduced antiseptic techniques in surgery a ), Louis Pasteur ( founder of the germ theory and developers of pasteurization ), Robert Koch ( pioneer of bacteriology, discovered the causative organisms of tuberculosis and cholera ), David Bruce ( proved that the sleeping sickness transmitted by the tsetse fly ); on the west side: James Lind ( developed an effective diet for the prevention of scurvy ), Walter Reed ( showed that yellow fever is transmitted by Aedes aegypti ); on the east side: William Leishman ( Army pathologist ), Johann Peter Frank ( pioneer of Public Health ), Max von Pettenkofer ( pioneer of hygiene).
Directors of the School
- Sir Francis Lovell 1903-1916
- Sir Havelock Charles1916 to 1924
- Sir Andrew Balfour 1923-1931
- Wilson Jameson 1931-1940
- 1939 to 1945 - several changes of directors due to Kriegsdienstverpflichten Jamesons
- J M Mackintosh 1945-1950
- Andrew Topping 1950-1955
- Austin Bradford Hill 1955-1957
- James Kilpatrick 1957-1960
- E T C Spooner 1960-1970
- Professor Gordon Smith 1970-1989
- Professor Richard Feachem 1989-1995
- B S Drasar during 1995
- Harrison Spencer 1996-2000
- Geoffrey Targett during 2000
- Sir Andrew Haines 2001-2010
- Peter Piot since 2010
Prices for school
The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in 2009 won the Gates Award for Global Health, and thus received $ 1 million in prize money. The money will be used primarily for the development of distance courses offered by the school as well as for scholarships for students from low-income countries.
Prices by the school
- The Donald Reid Medal is awarded every three years by the LSHTM for outstanding research in the field of epidemiology.