MeeGo is a Linux-based, open source operating system that should handhelds, tablets, netbooks, connected to the Internet TV sets and cars come in smart phones, are used. It is a merger of Nokia's Maemo with Intel's Moblin project. The project is hosted by the Linux Foundation. MeeGo is a multi- platform project and supports architectures x86/Intel-Atom and ARM. The transfer to other hardware platforms is possible at any time. In September 2011 it was announced that MeeGo will rise along with LiMo in the new project Tizen.
- 5.1 Mer project
- 5.2 Sailfish OS
- 5.3 Tizen
Components of the system
The MeeGo 1.1 Core Software Platform includes udev the Linux kernel 2.6.35, the default file system Btrfs, Nokia's UI framework Qt 4.7, DeviceKit, and hardware interfaces. In addition, X.org, a telephone and a Bluetooth stack and media frameworks are part of the system. At the core platform called MeeGo Netbook user experience and the handset user experience on set. The MeeGo Netbook User Experience will Google's Chrome browser, are used in the Handset User Experience Mozilla's Fennec browser. Programs for MeeGo available as an RPM software packages and distributed.
MeeGo was announced in February 2010 during the Mobile World Congress. A first development version was introduced in April 2010, the official version 1.0 of the core system and the netbook user experience followed at the end of May 2010. A preliminary version of a handset version for Intel Atom -based devices, which already contained some of the planned controls and applications, took place on 30 June 2010, as well as an early developer version for the ARM - based Nokia N900. Version 1.1 was released on October 28, 2010. New versions were planned at 6- month intervals. Intermediate versions for developers were provided weekly. The last release was published on May 19, 2011 Version 1.2; Release v184.108.40.206 updates recently appeared as MeeGo on February 9, 2012.
Collaborations and planned uses
So far, a number of companies have pledged your support for MeeGo, including but not limited Acer, AMD, ASUSTeK, BMW Group, Cisco, DeviceVM ( Splashtop ), LG, Mandriva, Novell, Orange, Telefónica and Xandros. Conceived by BMW and various partners reference platform for infotainment systems in vehicles, GENIVI should build on MeeGo. Even the 1.0 developer release of MeeGo was provided in a version for use in vehicles. Nokia itself originally wanted to equip future "mobile computer " with MeeGo. ASUSTeK, the fifth- largest producer of mobile computer wants to use also MeeGo future. In June 2010, were to be seen of MeeGo - based tablets from Intel, Wistron and CS2C at Computex prototypes. On 3 September 2010, the WeTab GmbH announced that developed in cooperation with neofonie WeTab Tablet PC will be the first tablet sold with a system based on MeeGo operating system.
In February 2011, Nokia announced its intention to cooperate closely in future with Microsoft and 2011, only to want to bring the MeeGo device Nokia N9 on the market and then put on the operating system Windows Phone 7. Intel was surprised and disappointed by this decision, but wants to keep developing. Before that could be heard from developers circles that the Netbookvariante is returned. In June 2011, Nokia officially unveiled in front of the Nokia N9, which will be released later this year with MeeGo 1.2 Harmattan. Was informed in August 2011 that the Nokia N9 will not be sold with MeeGo operating system in U.S., UK and Germany.
In August 2011, ASUS did with the Eee PC X101, the first netbook with MeeGo as the operating system on the German market. It involves the previously thinnest and lightest representatives of the EeePC series. Also in August 2011, Acer announced a notebook with preinstalled MeeGo, which will be released in September of the same year.
End of September 2011, it was announced that LiMo will merge with the MeeGo project. The new project will be called Tizen.
It was announced by several Linux distributions to support the MeeGo surface, such as Fedora, Linpus Linux and Splashtop.
There is already a version of openSUSE with MeeGo interface is available, which bears the name Smeegol. OpenSUSE GoblinTeam realized this project.
After breaking the cooperation between Intel and Nokia and the end of MeeGo, there are several follow-up projects.
After the announcement of Tizen lively members of the MeeGo community the Mer project again. Originally founded to port new Maemo versions on older hardware, the new Mer community sees itself as a continuation of MeeGo. Unlike MeeGo has Mers core distribution no longer own surface. The old MeeGo User Interface but it will continue under its own project Nemo. Due to this decoupling, the developers promise a faster support for new hardware components, as well as a hardware-independent development of the user interface. Due to the lack of user interface Mer -core is not a complete Meego derivative. In addition, only 302 of the 1400 Meego packages are supported by Mer -core. Current packet numbers on the git page for Mer -core visible. In May 2013, there were under Mer - Core 393 packages and 59 Mer -Cross Helper packages and 37 Mer tool packages. In the same period, about 3,000 packages were in the Open Build Service instance of the Mer project of over 100 developers gehostet.Diese should not be confused with the number of the above Mer -core packages but, as in the build service additional hardware and software packages are hosted, which are not part of Mer -core, for example, the packets of the user interface Nemo.
Mer also serves as a basis for Jollas Sailfish OS, and the Vivaldi tablet. It is a tablet PC, which is not Nemo, but Plasma Active uses as the default interface.
In June 2012, it was announced that former employees of Nokia have formed a new company called Jolla to bring new devices on MeeGo based on the market. Jolla uses for Mer as a base and calls it simply from awareness reasons for the public MeeGo. At the company, which is based in Finland, also Marc Dillon is involved, who previously led the development of MeeGo at Nokia.
On November 21, 2012 Jolla presented the Mer -based operating system Sailfish OS, the first units were announced for the second quarter of 2013. Sailfish OS is to support the execution of apps that were originally written for Android. In fact, the first Jolla -Phone was introduced in May 2013. It has a dual-core processor, 16 gigabytes of internal memory and supports LTE networks.
Tizen is the commonly recommended by MeeGo Intel co-founder and LiMo Foundation founding member of Samsung Electronics successor of MeeGo and LiMo. The smartphone version of Tizen is based in large part on the Samsung Linux Platform ( SLP) / LiMo 4 and uses Enlightenment Foundation Libraries (EFL ) instead of Qt. This variant is supported primarily by Samsung.
The IVI version of Tizen continues to use Qt and is mainly funded by Intel. Since May 20, 2013 there is also a community port of Qt 5.1 for Tizen.