Nymburk ( German Nymburk, also Neuchâtel at the Elbe ) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region. It lies at the confluence of Mrlina in the Elbe, 40 km northeast of Prague and has about 15,000 inhabitants.
The city was founded around the year 1275 by the Czech King Ottokar II as a royal city. She received the German name and was Nuenburch with German colonists. During the 14th century the number of Czech citizens gradually increased. At the time of the Hussite Revolution, the city was largely inhabited by Czechs. From 1425 it was under the control of the encampments in 1436 King Sigismund confirmed their privileges. Both after the uprising of 1547 and the Battle of White Mountain in 1619, the city was subject to repression, as known large parts of the population to Protestantism. Those who refused to become a Catholic, had to emigrate in 1628.
In the Thirty Years' War the city was conquered in 1631 and 1634 by the Saxon troops and destroyed, and later by the Swedes. It was not until the early 18th century it came to an economic boom. From the mid-19th century was a center of Nymburk of the Czech National Revival.
The town of Nymburk consists of the districts Drahelice ( Drahelitz ), and Nymburk ( Nymburk ).
Nymburk is twinned with
- Mytischtschi in Moscow Oblast, Russia
- Neuruppin in Brandenburg, Germany
- Vrútky in Central Slovakia, Slovakia
- Żarów in Lower Silesia, Poland
Sons and daughters of the town
- Bohuslav Matej Černohorský (1684-1742), composer and organ teacher
- Josef Kramolín (1730-1802), painter and fresco painter
- Vratislav Effenberger (1923-1986), writer
- František Fadrhonc (1914-1981), football coach and physical education teacher
- Hynek Fajmon (* 1968), politician
- Radek Bejbl (born 1972 ), football player
- Marek Nikl (born 1976 ), football player
- Bartholomew Kuru (* 1987), Austrian football player
Lived and worked in Nymburk
- František Josef Čečetka (1871-1942) writer
- Bohumil Hrabal (1914-1997), writer