- 4.1 traffic
- 4.2 Education
Preston was first documented in 1080 and received city rights in 1179 from the hands of Henry II in 1322 Preston was burned down by the Scottish Army under Robert the Bruce. During the English Civil War the Royalists were defeated at the Battle of Preston ( 1648) on the outskirts of the city. In the Battle of Preston (1715 ), the Jacobites were fought.
1920 Preston administrative seat of the county of Lancashire. In 2002, Preston was officially named the City ( previously Town).
Culture and sights
A well-known landmark Preston is the Roman Catholic Saint Walburge 's Church, which was designed in Neo-Gothic style by Joseph Hansom and 1854 completed. With its 94 meters height, it has one of the highest spiers of England.
- Harris Museum and Art Gallery
- Museum of Lancashire
- Museum of the Queen's Lancashire Regiment
- Preston Guild Hall
- National Football Museum ( with the historical collection of FIFA)
- Moor Park ( one of the first public parks in England )
- Avenham Park
The Preston North End FC ( the Lilywhites ) is one of the oldest football clubs of England and has, inter alia, won in 1889 the first ever discharged league championship.
Furthermore, a major snooker tournament took place until 2005 in Preston annually.
Economy and infrastructure
The M6, one of the main Motorways of England, whose first section was built at Preston in 1958, linking the city to the major cities of Manchester and Birmingham in the south and the Scottish border in Carlisle.
Preston Train Station on the West Coast Main Line is an important railway hub in the North West of England with remote connections to London, Edinburgh and Glasgow as well as numerous regional connections.
The University of Central Lancashire, with about 35,000 students, the sixth-largest university in Britain.
The Preston Catholic College in Winckley Square was closed in 1978.
- Charles Hugh Alison (1882-1952), British golf architect
- Adrian Alston ( b. 1949 ), Australian football player and coach
- Richard Arkwright (1732-1792), inventor and industrialist
- Kenny Baker ( born 1934 ), actor
- Wade Barrett ( born 1980 ), wrestler
- Bill Beaumont ( b. 1952 ), rugby players
- Ian Berry ( born 1934 ), photographer and photojournalist, member of the photo agency Magnum Photos
- Eddie Calvert (1922-1978), trumpeter
- Ronnie Clayton (1934-2010), football player
- Helen Clitheroe ( born 1974 ), British middle -distance, long-distance runner and obstacle
- Brian Cookson ( b. 1951 ), British sports official, President of British Cycling
- James Edgar Dandy (1903-1976), English botanist
- Arthur Devis (1712-1787), portrait painter
- Derek Fazackerley ( b. 1951 ), English footballer
- Kathleen Ferrier (1912-1953), British contralto
- Tom Finney (1922-2014), football player
- Keef Hartley (1944-2011), British rock musician (drums)
- George Haslam ( born 1939 ), jazz musician and music producer
- Alan Kelly Jr. ( b. 1968 ), Irish football player
- John Philip Kemble (1757-1823), English actor
- Kevin Kilbane ( born 1977 ), football player
- Richard Stuart Lake (1860-1950), Canadian politician
- Joseph Livesey (1794-1884), philanthropist and founder of the Temperance Movement
- Ian McCulloch (born 1971 ), snooker player
- Sophie McDonnell (born 1976 ), actress, presenter, singer and model
- Josh Morris ( * 1991), English footballer
- Nick Park (born 1958 ), filmmaker ( Wallace and Gromit )
- Matthew of Rosthorn the Elder (1721-1805), English engineer, progenitor of the Austrian Rosthorn Dynasty
- Robert W. Service (1874-1958), Canadian poet and novelist
- Francis Thompson (1859-1907), English poet
Saint Walburge 's Church
St John the Evangelist Minster
The former Preston Catholic College
Plaque for Robert W. Service
In the center of Preston
Preston Train Station
Views over the River Ribble to the city