Senlis is a French commune with 15,845 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2011 ) in the department of Oise and Picardy region.
Senlis is on the river Nonets.
Senlis was the ancient capital of the Celtic Silvanekter, at that time was already at an important intersection of two streets, and was called by the Romans Augustomagus. The base of a statue of the emperor Claudius in the year 48 AD recalls this time.
- 3rd century: Senlis is an important military base and surrounds himself with a city wall to protect themselves from attacks by the barbarians.
- Middle of the 4th century: the holy Rieul Christianized Senlis.
- In the early Middle Ages was the center of Senlis Senlis County.
- 987: Hugh Capet is elected king at Senlis; at this time the city belonged already to the royal domain ( Domaine royal).
- 1173: King Louis VII of France agrees to a municipal constitution for Senlis.
- 1214: The Registrar Guerin, Bishop of Senlis takes shares in the Battle of Bouvines.
- 1418: The city is besieged by the Armagnacs; six hostages are beheaded.
- 1429: Jeanne d' Arc makes in Senlis station.
- 1473: King Louis XI. signed the Peace of Senlis to Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.
- 1493: On 23 May, the Treaty of Senlis is signed, in which King Charles VIII later Emperor Maximilian I even have to leave the legacy of Charles the Bold, with the exception of Picardy and Burgundy Maximilian.
- 1589: The city rejects the siege by the League and supported Henry IV, whom she welcomed within its walls.
- 1643: The priest Jacques Joly donated his library to the public; it is the cornerstone of the current city library.
- 1789: On December 13, the Billon assassination happens - the watchmaker Billon chasing his house in the air as the Arquebusiers, who expelled him from their company, pass by him. 26 dead and 40 wounded costs of the stop.
- 1832: Severe cholera epidemic in Senlis.
- 1862: The railway line Chantilly - Senlis is inaugurated.
- 1914: The German invasion leads to severe destruction in the city. The Mayor Eugène Odent will be shot on September 2, along with six other citizens of the city. The city is the headquarters of Marshal Foch.
- 1962: The A1 motorway between Senlis and Le Bourget is opened.
The site of the Notre Dame Cathedral was opened in 1153, the building was dedicated on June 16, 1191. At the western portal is architectural sculpture from the period around 1170 with scenes from the life of Mary. Around 1240 the church was extended by a transept transept, the south tower was increased in the 13th century. 1504 set a lightning strike the cathedral on fire, a partial new building was needed. 1530-1534 were renewed flamboyant clerestory and the facade of the south transept.
Additional points of interest
- Gallo-Roman city wall with 16 towers and preserved remains of the amphitheater
- Hôtel de ville: Late Gothic Town Hall, 15, built in 1497 to the 18th century on the ruins of the burned the previous building
- From the Middle Ages also originate the church of Saint- Pierre ( Events)
- The Royal Castle
- The Bishop's Palace ( 13th to 16th century, Museum of Art and Archaeology )
- Some houses
- The former monastery of St- Vincent, formerly lay on the outskirts and today contains in its Konventsbauten from the 17th and 18th century a school.
- Langenfeld ( Rheinland), Germany, since 1969
- New Richmond (Quebec ), Canada, since 1988
- Pechersk, Ukraine, since 1998
- Montale, Italy, since 2003
- Hugh Capet, king of France
- Louis -Roch -Antoine -Charles Arnauld, French encyclopedist
- François de Montmorency - Bouteville, French aristocrat
- Thomas Couture, French painter
- Séraphine Louis (1864-1942), known as Séraphine de Senlis, there discovered in 1912 by Wilhelm Uhde as French painter of naïve art
- Kevin Gameiro, French footballer
- Boissenot Grégoire, French pop singer and composer