Tokyo City

Tokyo (Japanese东京 市, Tōkyō -shi) was a Japanese city in the old Tokyo Prefecture (东京 府, Tōkyō - fu). It consisted of 1 May 1889 to 1 July 1943, when it merged with the old to the new Tokyo Prefecture (东京 都, Tōkyō-to ). Today's 23 districts (collectively referred to as Tokyo ) correspond to this historic Tokyo.

Often the concept of a city of Tokyo is used today to designate these 23 districts collectively. However, since these do not share a common Mayor nor City Council, they also make no administrative city. The districts are almost independent cities with partial administration of the prefecture.


In 1867 the Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigned and placed the imperial rule restored. (: Literally eastern capital ) renamed The following year, the seat of the Tokugawa Shogunate, the city of Edo was the seat of the new government and in Tokyo. Shortly thereafter, Tokyo ( fu ) the old prefecture was established. The prefecture originally consisted of the city, but was quickly increased to its present proportions.

The prefecture was 1878 15 Ku ( districts) and 6 Gun ( counties ). These districts, which originated on the floor of the old Edo, were:

  • Kojimachi (now Chiyoda )
  • Kyobashi (now Chūō )
  • Kanda (now Chiyoda )
  • Nihonbashi (now Chūō )
  • Fukagawa (now Kōtō )
  • Honjo (now Sumida )
  • Asakusa (now Taitō )
  • Shitaya (now Taitō )
  • Hongō (now Bunkyō )
  • Koishikawa (now Bunkyō )
  • Ushigome (today: Shinjuku )
  • Yotsuya (today: Shinjuku )
  • Akasaka (now Minato )
  • Azabu (now Minato )
  • Shiba (now Minato )

The local government reform of 1889, in the Mura communities (villages ), Chō ( small towns ) or Shi ( cities ) were appointed, he was appointed to the Shi. However, the city remained dependent of the Prefecture, as the prefecture governor was equally mayor. As of 1898, the mayor was chosen independently.

1932 were incorporated from five counties in the city of Tokyo 82 communities, the extended urban area was also known as Dai ​​Tōkyō (大 东京), "Greater Tokyo ", respectively. The area of ​​the city of Tokyo grew from 80.5 to 478.6 km ² and its population of around 2.1 to 5.4 million ( population figures from 1933). The state finished my area was divided into 20 new districts:

  • Joto (now Kōtō )
  • Mukojima (now Sumida )
  • Arakawa
  • Takinokawa (now Kitakyushu )
  • Toshima
  • Yodobashi (today: Shinjuku )
  • Shibuya
  • Meguro
  • Shinagawa
  • Ebara (today: Shinagawa )
  • Edogawa
  • Katsushika
  • Adachi
  • Ōji (now Kitakyushu )
  • Itabashi (now Itabashi and Nerima )
  • Nakano
  • Suginami
  • Setagaya
  • Omori (now Ōta )
  • Kamata (now Ōta )

1936 two more municipalities were amalgamated and slammed the district Setagaya. After the urban area corresponded apart from minor border corrections and recoveries territory of the later 23 districts.

City of Tokyo and Tokyo Prefecture combines the old with the new Tokyo Prefecture ( -to ): In 1943, the Tōkyō- tosei was adopted. The municipalities were directly administered by the prefecture and the city of Tokyo ceased to exist.

In 1947, a prefecture reform took place, received the same status as other prefectures in the Tokyo, while it retained its name ( instead of the usual -to - ken) and special responsibility for the urban area of ​​Tokyo. The number of districts was reduced to 22. Each of them received a status comparable to a city.

Nerima Itabashi was split off in 1947 by and for the 23rd District.