Central Siberian Plateau

The Middle Siberian Plateau (Russian Среднесибирское плоскогорье, Srednesibirskoje Ploskogorje ) is one of the eight major regions of Russian Siberia. It is located in the center of Siberia between the two great rivers Yenisei and Lena, about halfway from the Urals to the Russian Pacific coast.

Geographical location

The very extensive means Siberian Plateau ² has a surface area of ​​nearly 2 million km. It is bordered to the north by the North Siberian Lowland with the marshy Taimyrsenke that the great Taimyr peninsula lies south. The Südabgrenzung form the various South Siberian mountains as the Sayan Mountains, the Baikal and the Stanowoigebirge. In the west the mountains ends in almost the entire north-south axis on the Yenisei, where the West -Siberian lowland adjacent. To the east the hill country extends to the Mitteljakutische depression that follows the lower reaches of the Lena and some tributaries. To the east of this stream extends to the Verkhoyansk Mountains, which is already part of the East Siberian Uplands.


The landscape of the Central Siberian Uplands is Determined by mostly large -scale, highly dissected plateaus and mountain ranges, but just over 1000 m high tower on average between 500 and 700 m part. For example, it is high in the central Wiljuiplateau to 962 m in the southwest and in the Jenisseibergen to 1104 m. Maximum achieved it - in the northwestern Putoranagebirge - 1701 m altitude.

In the Middle Siberian highlands grow in the taiga vast boreal forests, which give way to the north in the forest-tundra and tundra. In these northern regions may be due to the permafrost and low water content in the soil no tall plants, such as trees, develop, but it prevail mosses, shrubs and ferns before.


Because most streets of the vast resources Siberian highlands are not fixed, they change - when soils thaw in spring - because of the numerous rainfall in muddy slip slopes. Thus, they are the most time of the year hardly or only hardly passable. Only when they turn in the winter by the frost on rock-hard slopes and there is sufficient snow height, they can be good again traveled. The main roads are the rail network, some highways, flight connections and the waterways of the many rivers, provided they are not frozen.


In the Middle Siberian mountains are among others this part Mountains ( sorted by height above sea level, located nomination):

  • Putoranagebirge ( 1701 m; northwest)
  • Jenisseirücken ( Jenisseiberge; 1104 m; Southwest)
  • Wiljuiplateau ( 962 m; approximately in the center and east)
  • Anabarplateau (905 m; North)
  • Lontokoiski - Kamen Mountains (760 m; extreme northwest)
  • Czekanowskiberge ( 539 m; extreme north-east)

The highest mountain in the highlands located to the Arrived at Putoranagebirge ( 1701 m).


Among the rivers of the Middle Siberian highlands include - streams with tributaries, their tributaries and headwaters (selection):

  • Anabar - Power to Laptev Sea ( Arctic Ocean )
  • Cheta - Chatanga inflow
  • Yenisei River - Western boundary of the hill country; Flow to the Kara Sea ( Arctic Ocean ) Angara ( hereinafter referred to as underflow and Upper Tunguska ) Tassejewa Tschuna
  • Birjussa
  • Katanga
  • Tetere
  • Tschunja
  • Kotschetschum Tembentschi
  • Moijero
  • Njuja
  • Wiljui Marcha Morkoka
  • Siligir


Among the localities ( with larger cities mainly in southern regions ) in the Middle Siberian mountains belong to its edges or partly in the transition region to the South Siberian mountains ( in alphabetical order ):

  • Chernyshevsky
  • Turuchansk
  • Udatschny
  • Ust- Ilimsk

68951701Koordinaten: 68 ° 0 ' N, 95 ° 0' O

  • Mountains in Russia