Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson ( Ericsson ) is a Swedish company based in Stockholm. Mobile Technology, Internet and multimedia communications and telecommunications form the core business. Developments in these areas are primarily aimed at companies, network operators and service providers. Ericsson was also represented by 15 February 2012 with the joint venture Sony Ericsson in the retail market in the mobile phones segment.
The company was founded in 1876 by Lars Magnus Ericsson. Ericsson is active in more than 180 countries and employs more than 104,000 employees.
Ericsson supplied network operators and service providers with mobile and broadband "end - to-end" solutions. The Company delivers these solutions for all existing mobile networks (including GSM (2G ) and UMTS (3G ) systems ) as well as broadband multi-service networks and network access. The portfolio covers technology and business consulting, network infrastructure, multimedia and Internet technologies and device platforms, multimedia applications and various services.
Among the Ericsson customers are the ten largest mobile network operator in the world; more than 40 percent of all mobile calls are made through Ericsson networks.
Overall sat Ericsson 2008 208 Milliarden Swedish crowns ( around 20 billion euros). The joint venture Sony Ericsson, with Ericsson was a 50 percent stake, is 13 billion euros per year. However, Sony has now bought Ericsson's shares for 1.05 billion euros, so that the joint venture will be dissolved soon.
The company divides its business into three divisions to:
The Business Segment Networks surrounds manufacturing and installation of networks, enabling access to the information transfer. Services for commissioning of the network infrastructure are included. It contributes 69 percent of total sales. The largest market is Asia -Pacific with 33 percent. In Western Europe, 22 percent of sales are generated. The region of Central and Eastern Europe including the Middle East and Africa contributes 28 percent, 10 percent of Latin America, North America 7 percent.
The business professional services segment includes the range of services related to strategic planning, the development and operation of telecommunications systems. Ericsson offers a managed services offering, which includes extraction of various networks and the ability to wring network capacity as needed, including the hosting of applications, solutions and platforms. Furthermore, services in customer support, systems integration, consulting and training are offered. The segment contributes 23 percent of total revenues, of which 41 per cent come from Western Europe, Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa 19 percent, Asia Pacific, 21 percent, 10 percent of Latin America, North America 9 percent.
In the business segment, the company sold Internet-based multimedia applications to create and process on the terminals multimedia content to mobile and fixed network applications. The area contributes 8 percent of total sales and is primarily in Western Europe ( 46 percent), Central and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (25 percent), and Asia-Pacific (15 percent) generates, Latin and North America each carry 7 percent.
Early 2009 led Ericsson and STMicroelectronics their semiconductor divisions for mobile terminals in the joint venture ST -Ericsson together. This was dissolved again in 2013.
Ericsson in Germany
The sale of Ericsson products to Germany was at the time of the telecommunications monopoly only very extensive, as the German Reich Post Office and later the German Federal Postal orders awarded mainly by their monopolistic position to Siemens. Only with the advent of mobile telephony succeeded Ericsson breakthrough: During the construction of the D1 network DeTeMobil to Siemens, Alcatel, Lucent and Motorola went, Ericsson was able to qualify in 1990 for the expansion of the mobile network D2 Mannesmann.
In Germany, Ericsson has been present since 1950. 1955 was allowed to settle in Dusseldorf, where today is located the headquarters of Ericsson in Germany. In addition, since 1991 a research and development center in Herzogenrath part of the Group; this, in turn, had by the end of 2010, an offshoot directly in neighboring Aachen. There were also 2005 Prototype Unit Nuremberg and 2006 by the takeover of rival Marconi plc another great site in Backnang near Stuttgart.
Only one and a half years after the acquisition of Marconi, however, the management of Ericsson announced the location Backnang partially outsource and want to eventually shrink. After massive protests by the employees of the Ericsson Group was initially announced in September 2007 to convert its location Backnang in an independent research and development center.
In March 2008, however, Ericsson announced the decision to close the site Backnang. The development is to be closed, the distribution will be shifted at a reduced level to another location in the Stuttgart area. One of the few products that Ericsson wants to get at the site Backnang, the network management system " ServiceOn " is.
In general downturn in the telecommunications industry shortly after the turn of the millennium R & D offices in Hildesheim and Nuremberg were closed in the wake of consolidation measures. The Nuremberg site was reopened in the fall of 2005 and the end of 2008 employed over 250 people. From 2009 to 2013, the Nuremberg site was part of the joint venture ST -Ericsson. After the departure of STMicroelectronics from the joint venture Ericsson took over in August 2013 the location in Nuremberg as part of the independent business unit, modems.
In July 2007, Ericsson took over the Frankfurt-based software manufacturer LHS telecommunications, about 1000 people employed at this time worldwide, including about 400 in Germany. Main product LHS BSCS, a customer care and billing system for mobile operators. 5 January 2011 LHS was renamed & Co. KG in Ericsson Telecommunications GmbH, which was spun off in 2010 the customer service and sales division and integrated into the Ericsson GmbH Dusseldorf.
Ericsson Austria emerged from the telecommunications company Deckert & Homolka, which was founded in Vienna in 1872 and produced in Kindberg in Styria. In 1908 when Deckert & Homolka entered into a partnership with Ericsson, the company was already employing about 1,000 employees. From this collaboration, the company Ericsson Austria AG electricity went out in 1911. At the company acquired in 1939 Eduard Schrack shares. In the years 1948-1978 this company was independent again as Schrack AG. In 1978 began under Eduard Schrack Harald, the son Schracks, cooperation with Ericsson again. In the years 1991-1997 Ericsson Schrack took electronics, as it was called in 1980 to almost 100 %. In 1994, the business security and communication systems was spun off as an independent company under the name Schrack Seconet and sold. Similarly, the first sold at Rexel part again now works as a freelance Schrack Technik. Since 1996, the company operates under Ericsson Austria.
In 2007, Ericsson Austria achieved a turnover of 102 million Euros in Austria with 88 employees. Company location is Vienna.
A fire at a supplier in Albuquerque in the U.S. state of New Mexico in 2000, Ericsson was forced to abandon its mobile phone division. After the fire, the company had reacted too slowly and could - unlike rival Nokia - not access to alternative suppliers. The losses of several hundred million U.S. dollars were taken thereby in part by insurance. This resulted in 2001 - apart from the attacks on September 11 - a record sum insured. The emergence of Sony Ericsson is considered a result of the fire.
Some classic Ericsson products:
Ericsson's skeletal telephone from 1892, also called taxis ( the dachshund )
Ericsson's first wall rotary phone, 1920
Ericsson's first bakelite, 1931, Swedish standard telephone of the 1940s and 1950s
Ericsson Ericofon, called Cobra, 1956
Ericsson's dialogue (along with Televerket developed ), Swedish standard telephone from 1962
Ericsson's first push-button telephone Diavox, (along with Televerket developed ), Swedish standard telephone from 1978
GH337 (left, 1994) and T28s (right, 1999)