General classification in the Tour de France
The yellow jersey ( maillot jaune French ) is a rating jersey, with many stage races - awarded the leading respectively in the overall standings participants and is indicated for the audience - especially at the Tour de France.
There are several versions, as the first yellow jersey was created and when it was taken. 1919, Henri Desgrange the idea; the overall leader of the Tour de France yellow jersey should be a bear, so he is better recognized by viewers. The color yellow he chose because his sports newspaper L'Auto was printed in yellow. Even today's L' Equipe (successor of L'Auto ) appears with a number of issues still in yellow. According to another version the jersey color must be yellow, because no other jersey fabric was to get on the fly. On July 18, 1919 appeared on the cover of the French magazine La Vie au Grand Air a picture of the overall leader with the yellow jersey. This driver was Eugène Christophe on the 10th stage of the Tour de France. To date, the jersey of the Tour de France wears the small initials "HD" for the name of the founder Henri Desgrange Tour.
Other bicycle racing and sports
The concept of a contrasting jersey was acquired in almost all stage race in cycling. Even the ideologically long time competing Peace Race put on the yellow jersey. Today's biggest addition to the Tour de France cycling tours vary the color of the jersey and overall leader awarded the pink jersey ( Giro d' Italia ) and the golden jersey ( Vuelta a España).
Meanwhile, other sports have taken over the award of the yellow jersey. So also carry the World Cup leader in biathlon, in Nordic skiing or alpine skiing species a different colored jersey.
The yellow jersey from German speaking countries
To date ( June 30, 2013) contributed to the Tour de France fourteen riders from Germany, ten from Luxembourg, five from Switzerland and one from Austria the yellow jersey.
- Kurt Stöpel, 1 day: Tour de France 1932
- Erich Bautz, 3 days: Tour de France 1937
- Willi Oberbeck, 1 day: Tour de France 1938
- Rudi Altig, 18 Days: Tour de France 1962, 1964, 1966, 1969
- Karl -Heinz customer, 4 days: Tour de France 1966
- Rolf Wolf Hollow, 2 days: Tour de France 1968
- Dietrich Thurau, 15 Days: Tour de France 1977
- Klaus -Peter Thaler, 2 days: Tour de France 1978
- Jan Ullrich, 18 Days: Tour de France 1997, 1998
- Erik Zabel, 2 days: Tour de France 1998, 2002
- Jens Voigt, 2 days: Tour de France 2001, 2005
- Linus Gerdemann, 1 day: Tour de France 2007
- Stefan Schumacher, 2 days: Tour de France 2008
- Marcel Kittel, 1 day: Tour de France 2013
- Franz Faber, 25 Days: Tour de France 1909, 1910, 1911 ( overall leader, then there was the yellow jersey yet)
- Nico Frantz, 37 Days: Tour de France 1927, 1928, 1929
- Arsène Mersch, 1 day: Tour de France 1936
- Jean Majerus, 9 Days: Tour de France 1937, 1938
- Jang Goldschmit 3 days: Tour de France 1950
- Bim Diederich, 3 days: Tour de France 1951
- Charly Gaul, 2 days: Tour de France 1958 ( or on the first stage 1959)
- Kim Kirchen, 4 days: Tour de France 2008
- Fränk Schleck, 2 days: Tour de France 2008
- Andy Schleck, 7 days: Tour de France 2010, 2011
- Ferdy Kübler, 11 Days: Tour de France 1950
- Hugo Koblet, 11 Days: Tour de France 1951
- Alex Zülle 3 days: Tour de France 1996
- Rubens Bertogliati, 2 days: Tour de France 2002
- Fabian Cancellara, 28 Days: Tour de France 2004, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012
- Max Bulla, Day 1: Tour de France 1931