Kaduna is a state of Nigeria with its capital at Kaduna, which is with 1,582,211 inhabitants (2005) and largest city.
The state is located in the northern center of the country, bordered to the north by the Katsina State, on the northwest by the Zamfara State, in the northeast of the state of Kano, in the southwest on the Federal Capital Territory, on the southeast by the state of Nassarawa, on the west by the Niger State and on the east by the states of Bauchi and plateau. The Kamuku National Park is located in the northwest of the state.
The Kaduna State is mainly populated by the ethnic communities of Hausa, the Gbagyi, the Adara, of Ham, the Atyap, the Bajjuu and Agworok. The religion with the largest population share is Islam Sunni direction. In the state therefore applies since the turn of the millennium the Sharia - Islamic law. This rule applies only to areas with a majority Muslim population (See Sharia conflict in Nigeria).
The state was formed on 27 May 1967, the name " North Central ". On February 3, 1976, he has been renamed in Kaduna. First governor was between May 28 1967 and July 1975 Abba Kyari. Current Governor since 29 May 1999 Ahmed Makarfi.
Governors and Administrators
- Abba Kyari (Governor 1968-1975 )
- Usman Jibrin (Governor 1975-1977 )
- Muktar Muhammed (Governor 1977-1978)
- Ibrahim Alfa (Governor 1978-1979 )
- Balarabe Musa (Governor 1979-1981 )
- Abba Musa Rimi (Governor 1981-1983)
- Lawal Kaita (Governor 1983)
- Usman Muazu (Governor 1984-1985)
- Abubakar Umar (Governor 1985-1988)
- Abdullahi Sarki Mukhtar (Governor 1988-1990)
- Tanko Ayuba (Governor 1990-1992)
- Mohammed Lere (Governor 1992-1993)
- Lawal Jafaru Isa ( administrator 1993-1996)
- Hammed Ali ( administrator 1996-1998)
- Umar Farouk Ahmed ( administrator 1998-1999)
The state is divided into 23 Local Government Areas. These are: Birnin - Gwari, Chikun, Giwa, IGABi, Ikara, Jaba, Jema'a, Kachia, Kaduna North, Kaduna South, Kagarko, Kajuru, Kaura, Kauru, Kubau, Kudan, Lere, Makarfi, Sabon Gari - Sanga, soba, Zangon - Kataf and Zarki.
Agriculture is the main economic activity in the state of Kaduna. About 80 percent of the people are employed in it. There are cultivated yams, cotton, peanuts, tobacco, beans, millet, ginger, rice and cassava. About 180,000 tons of peanuts are harvested per year. The main source of income is cotton, where Kaduna is the leading producer in Nigeria.
Also significant is the livestock. These include the keeping of poultry, sheep, goats and pigs. Another industry is mining. There are conveyed clay, serpentine, asbestos, amethyst, kyanite, sillimanite and gold.