Kebbi is a state in north-western Nigeria with its capital at Birnin Kebbi, the ( 2005), with 108 172 inhabitants and largest city.
The state is in the northwest of the country, bordered to the north by the Sokoto State, on the south by the Niger State, in the north- west by the Republic of Niger, on the southwest by Benin and on the east by the Zamfara State. In the south of the state extend large parts of Kainji National Park and the wetlands of Foge Islands, which was added to the list of internationally important wetlands of the Ramsar Convention in 2008.
According to a recent theory of the Bayreuth Professor Dierk Lange Kebbi was founded around 600 BC by refugees from the crumbling Assyrian Empire. According to the conventional historiography, the Kingdom of Kebbi Kebbi Emirate or arose only in the 15th century as a province of the empire Songhai. The founder of the Kebbi emirate was Muhammadu Kanta, who rose supposedly in 1516 to the king. Kebbi was one of the seven Banzastaaten called in Hausa Banza Bakwai. Kanta subjugated the Kingdom Yauri and made it tributary. In 1700, the capital of the empire was moved by the king of Tomo Surame Birnin Kebbi after. At the same time, the kingdom experienced its greatest expansion and flowering. It stretched over more than 500 km from vein in the north to the south Borgu. A dramatic cut in 1805 when the future Emir of Gwandu, the brother of Usman dan Fodio, Abdullahi during the jihad of the Fulbe brought the north of the kingdom under his control. The King of Kebbi fled to Argungu and made this settlement as the new capital of the empire. The kingdom should remain as an independent state until 1902, after the British colony in the northern Nigeria has been integrated.
The state was formed on 27 August 1991 from part of Sokoto State. First administrator was between August 28th 1991 and January 1992 Patrick Aziza. Current governor since May 29, 1999 Adamu Aliero.
The Kebbi State is mainly populated by the people of the Hausa, also there are members of the ethnic groups of the Bussawa, the Dukawa, the Kambari and Kamuku. The dominant religion is Sunni Islam. In Kebbi State, the Islamic jurisprudence, Sharia law. They also function as the main source of legislation. All the laws in the state must be compatible with the Sharia.
Governors and Administrators
- Patrick Aziza ( administrator 1991-1992)
- Abubakr Musa (Governor 1992-1993)
- S. T. Bello ( administrator 1993-1996)
- John Ubah ( administrator 1996-1998)
- Samaila Chama ( administrator 1998-1999)
The state is divided into 21 Local Government Areas. These are: Aleiro, Arewa - Sandi, Argungu, Augie, Bagudo, Birnin Kebbi -, Bunza, Dandi, Fakai, Gwandu, Jega, Kalgo, Koko- Besse, Maiyama, Ngaski, Sakaba, Shanga, Suru, Wasagu - Danko, Yauri and Zuru.
Agriculture is the main economic activity in Kebbi. The fertile soil allows the cultivation of millet, maize, cassava, potatoes, rice, beans, onions, vegetables, wheat, soybeans, ginger, sugar cane, peanuts, tobacco, mango, guava and papaya. The fishing industry is also important.
Are located on mineral resources located in the state, among other things limestone, salt, clay and plaster.