The city of Lexington in the U.S. state of Kentucky is a center of horse breeding and is known as the "Horse Capital of the World " ( " Horse Capital of the World" ) refers; it is located in the Bluegrass and Louisville in terms of area, the second-largest city in Kentucky.
Lexington was founded in 1775, 17 years before Kentucky became a U.S. state, so it still belonged at that time to the state of Virginia. Around 1820, Lexington was one of the largest and most prosperous cities west of the Allegheny Mountains, so she was given the nickname " Athens of the West " ( " Athens of the West" ) due to their lifestyle cultivated.
Fayette County ( Kentucky) covers 733 km ² and extends almost 300 meters above sea level in hilly plains in the center of the inner Bluegrass Region. The area is known for its beauty, its fertile soil, its excellent pasture and his horse breeding farms, established by Poa pratensis, the Blue Grass ( bluegrass ) thrives on the limestone beneath the soil layer. Numerous streams and small rivers flow to the Kentucky River.
1970 merged the city government of Lexington and the regional government of Fayette County to Lexington -Fayette Urban County Government. In 2010, Lexington -Fayette had 295 803 inhabitants.
There are 230 churches and synagogues representing 38 denominations and sects.
As the attraction basketball team from the University of Kentucky can be described. The " Kentucky Wildcats " brought seven NCAA titles in the domestic Rupp Arena with 23,000 seats. In addition, are the picturesque city center with the Mary Todd Lincoln House and the Lexington Opera House, which, however, preferably musicals to name as attractions.
A major daily newspaper is the Lexington Herald-Leader.
- Deauville, France (since 1957)
- County Kildare, Ireland ( since 1984)
- Shizunai, Japan ( since 1988)
- Newmarket, United Kingdom ( since 2003)
The mean annual temperature is 13 ° C. in Lexington Produced each year approximately 1200 mm of precipitation.
Business and industry
Traditionally, horses are bred and cultivated tobacco. The craft and an increasing variety of new products and services contribute to a healthy economy in the region.
Major employers in or around Lexington are Alltech Inc., Ashland Inc., Clark Material Handling Company, General Electric Company, GTE Products Corporation, Johnson Controls, Lexmark International, Link-Belt Construction Equipment Company, Long John Silver's, Square D Company, Toyota Motor Manufacturing USA Inc., the Trane Company, The Valvoline Company, United Parcel Service and the University of Kentucky.
The Blue Grass Airport is located six kilometers west of the city in the district of Fayette County, KY.
On 27 August 2006, a serious plane crash (Delta 5191 ) occurred shortly after six clock in the morning (local time) after the start of a passenger plane.
Probably CRJ100 crashed the machine Bombardier from due to a false start on a wooded area. According to CNN - information, the aircraft took off from the wrong runway. Initially, they should start from the runway 22. For unknown reasons, they took off from the runway 26, which is substantially shorter. On board were 47 passengers and three crew members on the way to Atlanta in the U.S. state of Georgia. Only the co-pilot was rescued alive, the other 49 people died.
From September 25 to 10 October 2010, the World Equestrian Games were held in Lexington.
Universities and Kolleges in space Lexington
Asbury College, Asbury Theological Seminary, Berea College, Centre College, Eastern Kentucky University, Georgetown College, Kentucky State University, Bluegrass Community and Technical College, Lexington Theological Seminary, National College of Business and Technology, Midway College, Sullivan College, Transylvania University, University of Kentucky.
- David Akers, football player
- Lilburn Boggs, politicians
- Zach Brock, jazz violinist
- John Cabell Breckinridge, general and statesman
- George Clooney, actor, screenwriter, producer and director
- Dermontti Dawson, football player
- Tyson Gay, Athlete
- Richard Hell, musician and writer
- Scott Hoffman, musician, member of the band Scissor Sisters
- Benjamin Howard, politicians
- Bill Johnson, musician
- Ralph Kercheval, football player ( worked in Lexington )
- Brian Littrell, singer and member of the boy band Backstreet Boys
- Mary Todd Lincoln, wife of Abraham Lincoln
- Les McCann, jazz pianist, singer and composer
- Aaron Chancellor Miller, actor
- Frank Minnifield, football player
- Thomas Hunt Morgan, zoologist and geneticist and Nobel laureate
- Charles H. Parrish, Sr., African-American civil rights activist, theologian and president of Simmons University
- Kevin Richardson, singer and member of the boy band Backstreet Boys
- Seabiscuit Racehorse
- Lloyd Smith, a jazz musician
- Jackson Whipps Showalter, chess player
- Terren Harbut, Basketball Player