Sarata (Ukrainian and Russian Сарата, Romanian Sărata ) is an urban-type settlement in Rajon Sarata in the Odessa Oblast. The settlement is 95 km from Izmail in the southwest and 65 km from Bilhorod - Dnistrovskyi away in the northeast and is situated on the M15 motorway. The zip code is: 68200 In 2001 there were 5229 inhabitants according to the census. .

The place has been named after the river Sarata, which flows through it and about 20 km further south in the Sasyk Lake, a Liman of the Black Sea, flows, named. The river name is derived from the word sarat off from the Romanian language, which means salty.


Founding history of the colony Sarata

Sarata originated in 1822 as a foundation to the Russian Czar Alexander I. allocated 16,000 desiatins (Russian square measure, about 18,000 ha) of land in Bessarabia as Bessarabia German colonists village. Founders were about 70 emigrant families from Bavaria and Württemberg, as well as their leader, Father Ignaz Lindl. The families were Catholic and Protestant faith. The colonists were initially moved to Odessa and arrived in a covered wagon on March 19 1822 on the river Sarata, where they built the village. The wealthy businessman Christian Friedrich Werner from Giengen came after 1823 at the age of 63 years, but died in Sarata a few months later. Werner bequeathed his fortune of 25,000 rubles in silver the community Sarata. Of these, a church was built about 1843 and 1844 did the German Evangelical College of Education Werner, named after its founder Werner school. This was the first German -language teacher training college in the Tsarist Empire and the only one in Bessarabia.

Lindl with his charisma and his large audience among the faithful - in Germany, Sankt Petersburg and Bessarabia were up to 10,000 people to his sermons - also had enemies. They charged him with the Czar as a people rebel and cult leaders. In addition to that he and his housekeeper was received as a Catholic priest marriage. Then Lindl 1823 reported by the Russian Tsar. Werner Company partners Gottlieb Veygel took over the leadership of the community Sarata which became Protestant as mayor. He finished introduced by Lindl community property and distributed the land to the families. Emerged on Saratas original amount of land of 16,000 desiatins beyond in the 1830s, the German villages Gnadental Bessarabia and Lichtental.

History in Germany

Ignaz Lindl was a Catholic priest with charisma. When he was still preaching in Grundremmingen, he came in contact with supporters of the Allgäu revivalism. This Catholic movement was ecumenical trains and expressed in the form of public preaching and advocacy of common ownership and strict simple rites as in suspected early Christianity. As Lindl 1818 by order of King Maximilian I Joseph lost his first parish and in Grundremmingen found a new, where he held sermons in front of several thousand people, he had to go there. He met with the Russian Tsar Alexander I, who was at that time in Germany. The Tsar as a friend of the revival movement offered Lindl at a shelter.

First Lindl preached in Saint Petersburg in Russia. He was able to recite the Tsar his desire, in the Russian south (then New Russia ), in the area of Odessa, to plant a church. There, however, arrived in 1820 was among the local German colonists Catholic faith does not consent to his ideas. So he began in his old home, with the help of the wealthy businessman Christian Friedrich Werner from Württemberg and his business partner Gottlieb Veygel to promote emigration to Bessarabia. With them and Alois Schertzinger he founded in 1822 the new settlers village Sarata.

Sons and daughters Saratas

  • Christian Fiess (1910-2001), teacher and National Chairman of the homeland of the Bessarabian Germans
  • Immanuel Winkler (1886-1932), born in Sarata, pastor of 1911-1918 in Hope Valley and chairman of the " Committee of the All-Russian Association of Russian main citizens of German nationality "