Administrative divisions of Ukraine
The Administrative divisions of Ukraine is heavily based on the principle of the unitary state. The country is in 24 regions ( singular: область oblast, plural: області oblasti ), an " autonomous republic " ( автономна республіка awtonomna respublika ) and two cities with special status ( місто зі спеціальним статусом misto si spezialnym statusom ) divided.
- 2.1 Rajone
- 2.2 Cities
- 2.3 Country settlements
- 2.4 Overview of the administrative settlement types
The majority of Ukrainian oblasts are named after their capital, which officially as Oblastzentrum ( обласний центр oblasnyj centr ) is called. A Oblastzentrum is normally the largest and most developed city of the respective oblast.
The Ukrainian name of the Oblast is formed from the feminine form of the respective adjektivierten Oblastzentrums, the city is the center of the Poltava oblast Poltawska / Полтавська область ( Poltava oblast ). Derive from, in most cases, also the colloquial name. This is formed by adding the ending- schtschyna ( - щина ) and the transformation of the word into a feminine noun. The Poltava Oblast is therefore also called Poltawschtschyna ( Полтавщина ).
- Two oblasts: Volhynia ( Волинська область Wolynska oblast ) and Transcarpathia ( Закарпатська область Sakarpatska oblast ) on the past with their names in their field historical regions of Volhynia and Carpathian Ruthenia point and their main cities of Lutsk and are Uzhhorod,
- The city of Kiev, which is as a community regardless of the surrounding Kiev Oblast, but the center of this Oblast.
See also: List of Oblasts of Ukraine
The Autonomous Republic of Crimea ( Автономна Республіка Крим ), the times of the USSR officially Crimea Oblast, covers the largest part of the Crimean peninsula and has the capital city of Simferopol.
Cities with special status
The " cities with special status " of Kiev and Sevastopol are managed by the Central Government of Ukraine directly. They get their status by the administrative division of the former Ukrainian SSR, the exact legal status is determined by special laws.
Overview of the units of the first level
Second and third level political
These three national entities are divided subsequently into smaller units, these are normally the Rajone ( район rayon ).
Rajone are smaller administrative units in Ukraine. In 2006 there were 490 Rajone, spread across the 24 regions and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. An average Rajon Ukraine has an area of 1,200 km ², with an average population of 52,000 inhabitants.
The name of the Rajons always derives from his Rajonszentrum from, but this center is not necessarily part of the Rajons, but can also be administered by the Oblast.
See also: List of Rajone Ukraine
Below are cities ( місто misto ) in Ukraine either an oblast ( місто областного значення misto oblastnoho snatschennja ) or a Rajon ( місто районного значення misto rajonnoho snatschennja ). Two, however, are directly under the Central Government and be as cities with special status ( місто зі спеціальним статусом misto si spezialnym statusom ) treated.
Cities in Ukraine are characterized by the award of the City Statute by which they each managing entity. There are three types of management can be distinguished:
- City with special status ( місто зі спеціальним статусом misto si spezialnym statusom ), under the direct government of the Ukrainian
- City of oblast significance ( місто областного значення misto oblastnoho snatschennja ), subject to a Oblastverwaltung
- City with Rajon validity ( місто районного значення misto rajonnoho snatschennja ), subject to a Rajonsverwaltung
See also: List of cities in Ukraine
As the smallest administrative unit early in their country estates. Here, there are also various intermediate stages, several villages and settlements are often combined to district administrators. A special form is the urban-type settlement, they must meet as a special settlement conditions. These smallest units in turn are subject to a higher administrative unit, usually these are Rajone or even cities.
The land settlements ( Sg: сільський населений пункт silskyj naselenyj point) are mostly in the form of a village ( selo село ) encountered. If they are, however, too small for this definition, as they are called (An - ) settlement ( селище selyschtsche ). In order to make the management of land settlements easier, they are in the country councils ( сільська рада silska rada ) summarized, the seat of the Council Office determines the name of this county:
- Urban-type settlement ( селище міського типу selyschtsche miskoho typu )
- Selo ( село )
- Selyschtsche ( селище )