The Donetsk Oblast (Ukrainian Донецька область / Donezka oblast, Russian Донецкая область / Donetskaya oblast ) is an administrative district of the Ukraine. The oblast is situated in the Donets Basin, a heavily industrialized area, and is one of the economically most important regions and the most densely populated regions of Ukraine.
The oblast was formed in 1932. From 1938 to 1961 she was analogous to the eponymous city of Donetsk Oblast in honor of Stalin 's name Stalino, but the name was used Jusowka under German occupation 1941-1943. The area is 26,517 km ². The population was 2014 4.343.900 people. Center and eponymous district capital is Donetsk with nearly one million inhabitants.
The Donetsk region is located southeast of Ukraine, it covers 4.4 % of its area. The area has a favorable climate and geographical situation in Ukraine, as it is mostly flat and has good agricultural possibilities. The continental climate is the colonization and exploitation has always favored. On one hand, can be found here humus -rich soil with a layer thickness of up to one meter, but on the other hand there is no adequate, natural water supply. In the northwest, the Donetsk Oblast borders the Oblast Kharkiv, on the northeast by the Oblast Luhansk, in southeastern Russia ( Rostov Oblast ) to the south by the Black Sea, to the southwest by the Zaporizhia Oblast and to the northwest by the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.
The abundance of natural resources, such as coal and metals, will form the basis of the economy, but stressed at the same time the environment. In addition, the technical standard of the coal mines is outdated; it always comes back to serious mining accidents. Close economic ties, not only in Ukraine but also to Russia, access to the Sea of Azov and the well-developed transport infrastructure have a positive effect on the economic situation of the area.
The Donetsk Oblast is administratively divided into 18 Rajone and 28 directly below the Oblastverwaltung cities. These are the cities Awdijiwka, Artemivsk, Charzysk, Debalzewe, Dserschynsk, Dobropillja, Dokutschajiwsk, Druschkiwka, Dymytrow, Horlivka, Jassynuwata, Jenakijewe, Kirowske, Kostjantyniwka, Kramatorsk, Krasny Lyman, Krasnoarmijsk, Makijiwka, Mariupol, Nowohrodiwka, Schachtarsk, Schdaniwka, Selydowe, Slowjansk, Snischne, gate, Wuhledar as well as the eponymous administrative center of the oblast, the city of Donetsk.
Rajone the Donetsk Oblast with their administrative centers
The Donetsk oblast is divided into 18 Rajone:
Since Ukraine has gained independence, profound changes in the population structure have occurred. While the share of Ukrainians rose to the total population, the share of Russians, Belarusians, Tatars and Jews is clearly declining.
The Donetsk Oblast is one of the areas in Ukraine with the highest percentage of Russian-speaking population. Several studies and surveys were partly more than 90% preference for the Russian language. The share of Russian speakers is 74.9 %. Since the independence of Ukraine, the share of Ukrainian speakers has increased.