The Kherson Oblast (Ukrainian Херсонська область / Khersonska oblast, Russian Херсонская область / Kherson oblast ) is one of 25 administrative units ( oblasts of Ukraine) in southern Ukraine. It has around 1.08 million inhabitants (2014). Its southern border is the western part of the Black Sea, the Isthmus of Perekop connects the Oblast with the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. To the east of it a delicate weave of water areas, islands and peninsulas of Sywasch forms the transition to the Sea of Azov. The oblast is bordered to the west by the Mykolaiv Oblast, on the north by the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast and on the east by the Zaporizhia Oblast.
Is Bathed by the Oblast partially dammed Dnepr, which continues from Kherson in a broad, interspersed with islands delta before reaching the Black Sea.
Capital of the oblast is the same name located on the north bank of the Dnieper city Kherson.
The oblast was formed on 30 March 1944 she emerged from the existing since 1937 Mykolaiv Oblast. This in turn was split off in 1937 from the 1932 created Odessa Oblast. Until 1920 the area was located north of the Dnepr in the government of Kherson, the southern part in the government of Tauris.
The Kherson Oblast is administratively divided into 18 Rajone and 3 directly below the Oblastverwaltung cities. These are the cities Kachowka, Nowa Kachowka as well as the eponymous administrative center of the oblast, the city of Kherson.
Rajone the Kherson Oblast with their administrative centers
In the first years after independence, population growth could still be recorded. End of the 90 years the population in the Kherson Oblast began to shrink until today continues the trend.