Trance music

Trance (English: [ tɹæns ] ) is a form of electronic dance music that broke away in the 1990s by the harder Rave and according to the corresponding harmonic chords and melodies aimed more at a pace of around 125-145 BPM. Meant soothing spheres and layers that an essential feature of trance were in the first three formative years, so it is both the Rave ( quick, impulsive noise combinations ) as well as from acid techno ( with the Roland TB -303 produced ) are particularly long critical takes off. With this development phase we also came away from the song structure of raves and developed for other trance song structure with a different voltage profile and rhythms. Trance is closely related in principle with ambient, but mostly rhythm -oriented and danceable.


The basic rhythm is in four- four time, usually each quarter is accentuated by a bass drum. Additional elements are Hi -Hats ( off-beat ) and Snares / Handclaps ( mostly on the beats 2 and 4). In contrast to Techno Trance productions the harmonies follow. This rather minor reason keys are used, sometimes only Quint -octave sounds. The harmonic scheme is rather simple in structure; Extensions such Quart owning, sixths, sevenths, ninths, or be used in addition, but resolved quickly and not allowed to stand or continue as dissonances. The harmonies are typically composed of supporting synth chords (often called Arpeggio) and higher melody sequences. Especially the synthesizer waveform SuperSaw is in the trance music of great importance. The harmonies are repeated again and again, as a monotonic sphere in which the listener can let yourself fall is formed ( Trance). Today, the harmonies, sequences, spheres or the effects not only in the loop ( repeating Musikstückchen ), but vary in the course of the song. Thus, the voltage profile as well as the emotional interpretation varies. In the 1990s and the Roland TB -303 was often used for bass lines, mainly in the acid techno.


Even before the 1990s, trance was established in England by The KLF in life that named their style originally by What Time is Love from 1988 and Last Train to Trancentral of 1989 "Pure Trance", which at that time a completely new style of music was added the acid techno and house. Trance has subsequently developed as a musical style in the early 90s, especially in Germany and enforced against the middle to the end of the decade again in England and the Netherlands. The actual trance was determined at that time by a whole series of popular German artists and producers.

Developed has trance from the music direction Acid House and later techno. However, Trance is much more melodic and includes many effects and sounds from different genres.

In the early days were in the development of the producers of the Berlin label MFS with producers like Cosmic Baby, Paul van Dyk and Mike van Dijk and the Frankfurt label Eye Q Records around the star DJ Sven Väth with Ralf Hildenbeutel, Stevie B- Zet and Matthias Hoffmann (AC Boutsen ) prevail involved. Your projects had different names, including Cygnus X, Odyssey of Noises or Earth nation. The publications are also enjoying great popularity today. In Berlin, Cosmic Baby, Kid Paul, and Paul van Dyk included in Frankfurt techno club founder Talla 2XLC and DJ Dag 's most successful representatives.

From the year 1996/1997 the interest in trance within the German-speaking world declined sharply and focused on a few chart successes, such as Children (Robert Miles ), or Seven Days And One Week ( BBE ). In contrast, the end of the 1990s, developed in the Netherlands and in England own trance culture with their own personalities such as Tiësto, Armin van Buuren, Ferry Corsten, Sasha, Above & Beyond and Paul Oakenfold.

Genres and styles of trance music

Trance has evolved over time, particularly by duplication with other genres, some sub-genres that have their own character. Although one can describe Classical Trance, Acid Trance, Hard Trance, Uplifting Trance and Progressive Trance as the main and most important sub- genre of trance. Here would be mentioned individually:

Acid trance

Acid Trance denotes a cross between Acid Techno and trance, which partially overlaps with Hardtrance. Widespread was this sub- form of techno, especially in the years 1993 and 1994. Fast, sixteenth - stressed sequences of the Roland TB -303 were associated with soft, warm synth surfaces, sometimes melodies. The tempo can vary the Acid Trance.

In 1997 Kai Tracid became known for his single Your Own Reality, in which he mixed the then typical trance structures with Acid line. His name is composed of " trance " and " Acid" together and he is often referred to as the founder of this style - but he actually came several years after the actual zenith of the genre, which had now been forgotten again.

Typical examples are: Acrid Abeyance, A * S * Y * S, Emmanuel Top, Instant Zen, Kai Tracid, Simon Berry and Solar Quest.

Typical style pieces:

  • Choice - Acid Eiffel
  • Redeye - Contrex Ville and Acid Etch
  • Nostrum - Streets
  • Rave Creator - A New Mind ( Thai Acid Mix)
  • Spanish Fly - We Will Rave You - The Real Mix
  • Atomic Junkies - One Way Out

Dream House

Dream House [ dɹɪ mhaʊs ː ] (also Ibiza Trance) is called a relatively slow mixing of the trance with elements of House and Euro Dance with incisive melodies. The genre was in the mid 1990s very successfully.

Characteristic of the Dream House, the " dreamy ", mostly melancholic melodies that are backed by a danceable 4/4-Beat. In House actually refers only to the relatively slow beat that otherwise encountered funkiness is very strong withdrawn at the Dream House. The archetypal title of Dream House is Children by Robert Miles ( 1996), which brought the wave to roll. No later than one year after that, however, all the hype was over. Related to the Dream House, but usually harder and less " dreamy ", is the Pizzicato Trance.

Typical style pieces:

Dutch trance

Dutch trance is used as a label for trance music from the Netherlands. Between the middle and late 1990s sparked Trance Hardcore Techno and Gabber in the Netherlands as a popular direction of electronic dance music from. Above all, the DJ and producer Tiësto, Armin van Buuren and Ferry Corsten gave the Dutch trance its own character. They used not only special color and texture also singing, which up to then in the international trance scene (probably due to the proximity to popular music ) enjoyed no great popularity. With songs like Tiësto's In Search Of Sunrise remix of " Silence" ( Delerium ) established himself Dutch trance in clubs and big events.

Epic trance

Epic Trance is held in the form of trance traditional song structure with very distinctive melodies that were composed in rare cases even as " anthems " for events. Extreme form of Uplifting Trance, Trance Anthem also.

Hard trance

Hard Trance denotes a "harder" and (often) faster subspecies of trance music style with influences from hardcore techno and frequently and Acid Techno. The harder impression created by a more dominant bassline and aggressive melodic elements with higher BPM number (ca. 145-160 ), and another choice of sounds ( instruments) eg 303- Acid Lines ( then closely related to part with Acid trance) and frequent use of distortion effects ( Hoover sound). Although harder sounds and mechanical rhythms are used at the Hard Trance, Hard Trance can be counted among the melody - driven trance styles as opposed to progressive trance and tech - trance.

Hardtrance experienced in the years 1992 to 1998 boom, so some titles were not only successful in the clubs and at raves, but also in the sales charts. This circumstance led to a trivialization and then as a reaction to a temporary decline in the popularity of the genre. In addition, the speed of many newly produced hard- trance tracks fell after the boom. Many elements of Hardtrance were taken from the hands up.

Lately, Hard Trance is stronger merged with Tech - Trance and won so popular again. Related Hardtrance with Hardstyle.

Typical style pieces:

  • Lunatic Asylum - The Meltdown
  • Jones & Stephenson - The First Rebirth
  • Code 13 - Welcome Stranger
  • Raver 's Nature - Stop Scratchin '
  • Nostrum - Seduction
  • Rexanthony - Capturing Matrix
  • Gary D. & Dr. Z - Living on Video
  • DJ Manga - Judgement Day
  • Cocooma - Flying Saucer & Another Race
  • Odyssee Of Noises - Firedance - Sunrise
  • Paragliders - Paraglide
  • Paragod - Open Your Mind
  • DJ Scot Project - F ( Future Is Now) ( Hardriff Mix)
  • Cosmic Gate - Ultra Curve

Known representatives of the genre:

  • Scot Project
  • Alpha zone
  • DuMonde
  • A * S * Y * S
  • Bart Claessen
  • Cosmic Gate

Pizzicato trance

Pizzicato Trance [ pit ː ː sika to- ] is a commercial offshoot of trance music that was the end of the 90s briefly successful.

The main feature of the genre is the consistent use of the electronic pizzicato strings sound that is used both as lead as well as rhythm "instrument". The structure of the tracks is usually very simple and backed by a simple bass pattern. First example was "Insomnia" by the British group Faithless.

Progressive Trance

Progressive trance is a sub-form of trance in conjunction with Progressive House, which is widely regarded as the original form of trance.

The basic structure is based on techno. In a speed of about 130 to 135 beats per minute each quarter is accented with a bass drum in 4/4-time. Hi- hats and snares are typically distributed on straight ( ie non-punctured ) sixteenths. "Progressive " means " progressive ", " building ". Thus, the typical gradual compilation of the compositions is meant the usually extends over several minutes and strong in contrast to the classic verse-chorus structure is that one often encounters in a trance. This type of music characterized continues to be a certain degree of innovation. Songs are mostly minimalist pronounced, but mainly they are characterized by a finer elaboration and more detail. Tone dialing is based on the harmony, but hardly conveys classic tunes like " traditional " trance. The structure is partially similar to Uplifting Trance.

Typical examples are: James Holden, Andy Moor, Perry O'Neil, Markus Schulz, Gabriel & Dresden, Gareth Emery, Armin van Buuren, DJ Taucher and Dr. DNA & Neelix

In the Goaszene the term Progressive trance is also used for minimalist, progressively building Psytrance with more bouncing basslines and a significantly more minimalist arrangement and often flat or creaking sounds at 130-142 bpm. At 110-120 bpm is called Deep Trance.


Psytrance is a further development of the Goatrance with more modern means of production, the bass kicks harder and is more voluminous and rolling. Psytrance is built on fast sixteenth-note patterns. Fast Psytrance is called Full On Psytrance Full On or shortly. It also distinguishes between Morningpsytrance, Upliftingpsytrance, and Darkpsy. Dark Psychedelic Trance is very dark, hard and fast, he comes to 148-160 beats per minute. Progressive trance is used in the Goaszene for progressively structured, more minimalist Psytrance. The difference between fast and Progressive Psytrance is that the bass line of Psytrance is more energetic and progressive never very many tunes, soundtracks located side by side.

Tech trance

Tech Trance is very percussive and rhythmic stresses its relationship to the often repetitive techno styles like Progressive Techno, Detroit Techno Schranz or can not be denied. Tech - Trance lives less of tunes rather than of elaborate rhythm arrangements and sophisticated sound design. Nevertheless, there are quite tonally played synthesizer sounds; However, much more in the form of short melodic fragments or percussive chords played, wonderfully situated in the rhythm structure. The result is a hypnotic, trance -like mood. Proper tunes or complex, multi-measure harmony courses - such as those occur during Vocal Trance, Tech Trance hardly there at.

Home of tech - trance are the clubs, at large raves and on the radio, this style is played as good as ever.

Tech Trance is often confused with progressive trance and in fact there is a large overlap. In contrast to Progressive Trance Tech Trance sounds, however, harder, rhythmic, electronic, less spherical and has less depth, is but all the more hypnotic. Another distinguishing feature is the considerably higher pace ( 135-145 BPM).

Known Artists & DJs:

Uplifting trance

Uplifting Trance is now generally often referred to as a trance. Characteristic features are a relatively complex concise melody, energetic sounds and rolling bass lines around the 135-140 BPM. Often this form of trance is also held in traditional song structure, where such pieces were composed sometimes explicitly as " anthems " for events.

Typical style pieces:

  • Binary Finary - 1998
  • System F - Out Of The Blue
  • Veracocha - Carte Blanche
  • Stoneface & Terminal - Super Nature
  • Des Mitchell - Welcome To The Dance
  • Blank & Jones - DJ Culture
  • Alex M.O.R.P.H. - Creatures
  • Andy Blueman - Everlasting

Balearic trance

Balearic Trance has its origins on the Balearic Islands ( Ibiza mainly ). He has therefore also similarities with Ibiza House (Balearic House). Balearic Trance is pretty quiet trance and is located at about 130 BPM. He alludes to the local beautiful weather, the sea and beautiful sunsets. A typical feature of Balearic trance are acoustic guitars, xylophones, percussion ( drums ), sea and animal noises.

Known Artists & Djs:

  • DJ Shah, aka Sunlounger
  • Chicane
  • Envio
  • Agnelli & Nelson

Vocal trance

Vocal Trance is called the part of trance music, in the song of a formative role to be given. Vocal Trance has a rather slower to medium speed ( 134 to about 142 BPM) and extremely melody and harmony is emphasized; Song structure is oriented in contrast to other trance and techno styles even more pop music and their song structures. As Vocal Trance mostly vocal -heavy Hands up is called, less classic trance with vocals. Due to these characteristics, this style is charts and radio -ready. This is the more commercial vocal trance and he is particularly common in Belgium.

Known Artists & DJs:

Hands up

, Also called Hands up Euro Trance, is a mixture of Uplifting Trance, Euro Dance and Hard Trance, some with elements of Hardstyle and Happy Hardcore. Many associate euro trance with techno, but this is not true. Euro trance often sounds more " roaring " and has more trance effects. In this trance direction SuperSaws play a major role. Often vocals are installed. They are often pitched for the most part, but sometimes they can also sound like a normal range. This is often confused with vocal trance, since the use of singing can be confusing. The votes are partly like the Happy Hardcore hochgepitcht. In the introduction, there are usually no or few drums and often classic happy hardcore anthems or melodies are used. Also, some Happy Hardcore producers of the 90 songs in this style began to produce. This genre is also referred to as hard dance, depending on the country in which it is located. The genre is especially popular in Europe.

Known Artists & DJs:

  • Milk Inc.
  • DJ Manian
  • Klubbingman
  • Special D.
  • Pulsedriver
  • Rocco
  • Neo Cortex
  • Starsplash

Typical style pieces:

  • Special D. - You
  • Pulsedriver - Whistle Song
  • DJ Dean - Kick Off
  • Neo Cortex - Elements


Various instruments are used repeatedly in a trance productions. In particular, the Japanese manufacturer Roland models are often used here.

The following devices appear again and again:

  • Roland TB -303
  • Roland JP8000

Major DJs, acts and producers

  • Above & Beyond
  • Aly & Fila
  • Andy Moor
  • Armin van Buuren
  • ATB
  • Blank & Jones
  • BT (Brian Transeau )
  • Chicane
  • Cosmic Baby
  • Cosmic Gate
  • DJ Dag
  • DJ Tatana
  • DJ Taucher
  • DuMonde
  • Emmanuel Top
  • Energy 52
  • Ferry Corsten
  • Gabriel & Dresden
  • Gareth Emery
  • Giuseppe Ottaviani
  • Jam & Spoon
  • Kai Tracid
  • Kyau & Albert
  • Long
  • Marc van Linden
  • Marco V
  • Markus Schulz
  • Mike van Dijk
  • Milk Inc.
  • Paul Oakenfold
  • Paul van Dyk
  • Pulsedriver
  • Rank 1
  • Sander van Doorn
  • Solarstone
  • Stoneface & Terminal
  • Talla 2XLC
  • Tiësto
  • Ulli Brenner
  • Yves Deruyter