Aledo, Murcia

Aledo is a municipality of the Autonomous Community of Murcia in Spain. The village counts 1004 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013).


Besieged by the Almoravids


In the late 11th century occupied Castilian - Leonese troops under the command of García Jiménez, the deep in the Andalusian territory castle and used it as a base for raids by the appended small kingdoms, especially that of Banū Ṣumādiḥ of Almería and the Zirids of Granada. The communication entities controlled by the ' Abbadids of Seville city of Murcia with Sevilla was seriously disturbed. The Andalusian literary historian Ibn Bassam († 1147 ) from Santarém reports the death of an Arab poet who was killed during a raid of the crew of Aledo. After the castle several years had been in the hands of the Castilians, succeeded the affected Andalusian rulers to interest the Almoravids from Morocco for this problem. This had already been taught in October 1086 at the Battle of Badajoz Zallaqa at the Castilians defeat.


When exactly was held the siege, is controversial. While the Arabic sources invariably mention the year 1088, laid the Christian sources, the battle in the year 1089th The Zīrīde ' Abd ibn Buluggīn, participants in the siege, the siege of Liyyiṭ (name as the Arab. ) Dated in his Tibyān not accurate. . The Historia Roderici and a diploma of Alfonso VI that was issued on the way back from the relief of the besieged castle, talk about the year 1089 Unfortunately, it's at the diploma is only a translation in a collection of transcripts, which -. Based preserved originals - has not proved trustworthy. The basic problem of predating Arabic sources is the temporal distance to the event. The claim by the Arabic sources dating in 1088, the ' Abd ibn Buluggīn attaches nevertheless because of the events to 1090 and due to the abundance of details between the siege and his own dethronement, more likely.


The Historia Roderici reported that the beleaguered Castilians in the castle already ran out of water, when they sent a letter asking for the relief of their king Alfonso. Alfonso again, then asked the Cid Rodrigo Díaz, with whom he had recently reconciled with his troops to join him. For whatever reason, this merger did not succeed. Alfonso gave the Cid before, it had into the trap want to run, the Cid claimed that the wrong meeting point him to have been displayed, where he waited in vain for his king. In general, the union of armies was yet not have been necessary because the Almoravids had retired at the news of the coming of Alfonso. ' Abd ibn Buluggīn turn reports from the camp of the besiegers, on the dispute of the Andalusian petty kings among themselves and the dispute between the Andalusian petty kings with their subjects. They objected to, namely via the higher the permission of the Muslim schools of law beyond tax revenue, which required the petty kings, sometimes to Tribute and protection money paid to the Castilians, sometimes to the army set up against them. In particular, one of the judges of Granada, Ibn al - Qula'ī, have the subjects ' Abdullah asked to rebellion and sought contact with the commander in chief, the Almoravid emir Yūsuf ibn Tāšufīn. Also, ' Abd 've fallen out with his brother Tamim ibn Buluggīn, the ruler of Malaga here again; both turned for help to the Almoravid generals Sīr and Garur to have an advocate with Yūsuf ibn Tāšufīn. The generals could be paying well these advocacy. Military events are to be found in the references hardly, only Ibn Ṣumādiḥ have a siege machine called the "Elephant " brought from Almería, but before it was used, was destroyed by a fire downstairs.

It was not until 1092, the Almoravids had in the meantime destituiert a large part of the Andalusian Klein kings, it succeeded, in a renewed siege, starve the castle.

Burg the Order of Santiago

1257 the castles Aledo and Totana were transmitted through king Alfons X. the Order of Santiago, what led to a extended the castle. The Torre de Homenaje ( Burgfried, literally " honor tower " ) goes in its present form back on expanding in the 13th century. Also the emblem of the Caballeros de Santiago, the Jakobus cross is, not yet received the town's crest.