Cullera is a city in the eastern part of Spain in the Valencian Community and the comarca of Ribera Baixa with 22 292 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013).
It is located 38 km south of the city of Valencia on the Mediterranean. Cullera covered almost the whole of a vast plain, the most important point is the mountain of Cullera with a height of 225 meters. Cullera is watered by the lower course of the river Júcar from which an extensive network of irrigation canals run out, thanks to which the whole community area is characterized by a dense garden landscape. The right- dry Mediterranean climate results in a mean annual temperature of about 17 ° C.
The mountain of Cullera has been inhabited since ancient times. Its origin can be traced back to the Paleolithic era, as evidenced in particular by the various archaeological finds, which can be seen in the local prehistoric and archaeological museum La Cueva del Volcán del Faro. As an important reference from the Roman period applies the L' Illeta dels Pensaments.
Culture and sights
The scattered throughout the municipal area of Cullera lying interesting buildings provide a beredetes witness to the rich history of the place even in prehistoric times and is the flourished especially in the Muslim period.
- The castle of Cullera: Located halfway up the mountainside near the town of Cullera castle towers over both the old part and the modern Cullera. Its origin dates back before the 10th century on the ruins of the Moorish castle was built by the first King James I in the 12th century to build the present castle, which was " the ceremonial " later restored by Pedro IV again. During the Revolutionary War the castle was fought over.
- Church Santuario de la Virgen del Castillo: This built 1891-1897 patronage church was built in the Romanesque Revival style. About its main façade is a robust bell tower with a dome, which is covered with copper-colored glazed roof tiles.
- Tower of the Moors Queen ( Torre de la Reina Mora ): In the Barrio del Pozo is located on the way to Calvary, the tower of the Moors Queen as weir gate of the castle of Cullera. This tower was built in the 13th century and was an important part of the fortification of the castle, in which the so-called Albacar represented a space surrounded by walls and towers of free space. In 1631 a chapel dedicated to the Holy Ana was set up in the ruins of the tower.
- Way to Calvary: zigzag -shaped crossroads with the usual 14 prayer stations of the Passion of Christ. To find the road Calvario from behind the town market. Leads to the castle and to the sanctuary.
- The Municipal Market: At the foot of the first incline of the road to Calvary is the village of Markt, every Thursday the typical weekly market ( mercadillo ) takes place.
- Parish Church of St. John Esse (Iglesia de los Santos Juanes ): The origin of this church from the 13th and 14th centuries was gothic. Today's single-nave church in neo-classical style dates from the 17th century.
- Town Hall: The Ca la Vila dates from 1781 and is situated on the Spanish square in the historic center and was designed by Charles III. built.
- House of teaching (Casa de la Enseñanza ): Former pägagogisches center from 1793, which was founded by Charles IV and one of the first public schools in Spain was.
- "Torre del Marenyet ": During the reign of Philip II was a massive round tower built on the right bank of the Júcar very close to the former estuary due to pirate attacks on Cullera in the 16th century to serve as a lookout and defense tower.
- The chapels: Cullera boasts a collection of Ermita Chapels in the municipality. These are the Ermita de Santa Ana, the chapel of the stone saints Abdon and Senen, the hermitage of Santa Marta, the Sant Llorenç that of Navarro and those of San Vicente Ferrer.
- History and Archaeology Museum
- The Fallas Museum ( Thematic Museum )
- The Rice Museum ( Thematic Museum )
- Torre del Marenyet ( museum tower )
- Tower of the Moors Queen ( museum tower )
- The Dragut Cave Museum
Cullera has 15 km of beaches and cliffs, including a nudist beach, dunes beach and two handicapped accessible beaches.
- Feast of St. Antonio Abad: January 17
- Fallas: From 16 (La Plantà ) to 19 (La Cremà ) March
- Large city festival in honor of the Madonna of the Castle of Cullera: From Saturday to Sunday after Easter the following week
- Beer Festival: First half of July
- Pilgrimage to the hermitage Ermita dels Sants de la Pedra: the end of July
- Day of the Valencian Community: October 9
The AP-7 motorway (exit Favara -59 ) connects Cullera Valencia, Alicante and Barcelona. The N -332 connects the city with all the coastal towns to the south of the Comunidad Valenciana region. About the highway Nazaret -Oliva, northern part, (CV 502 ) can be reached on the Valencia coast. After Madrid can be reached via the A-3. Valencia airport ( Manises ) is located 40 km from Cullera. The airport of Alicante (El Altet ) is 150 km from Cullera. Every 30 minutes there is a train to Valencia and Gandia. There are regular bus services to Madrid, Valencia, Santander, Logroño, Bilbao and nearby towns.
- Le Bourget (France)
- Ouroux en Morvan (France)
- Jever ( Germany )
- Syktyvkar (Russia)