Olib ( German: Lüb ) is one of the smaller islands of the Dalmatian ( Dalmatia ) in the northern Adriatic in the Zadar archipelago, four nautical miles ( port - port ) east of the island Silba and ten nautical miles south-east of Novalja ( Pag).


It has an area of ​​25.63 km ², the highest elevations are the mountains Kalac (74 m) and Poljine (34 m). Its maximum dimensions are in North-South direction 9 km, in east-west direction 6.5 km.

Olib is constructed of limestone rocks, the water supply is very limited - there are on the island no surface water streams constantly water-bearing sources. As is common in the region but there are fed by rain water holes and artificial cisterns. The whole island is covered with underbrush, Bora -protected west, the vegetation is lush, here holm oak and scrub. The only and the same place on the island Olib is situated in a large bay in the west of the island.


The island was first mentioned in the 10th century. Croats from Vrlika colonized the island in the late 15th century as they fled from invading Ottomans.

Olib currently has 150 permanent residents (compared to 1920, there were 2000). This number doubled to tripled in the summer months, because at that time, many exiled Croats - particularly from the USA - visit their native island. On Olib is spoken čakavisch.


In the Bay Banve the foundations of Roman buildings and the ruins of St. Paul's church with a monastery, which was abandoned and destroyed in 1200 are.

Centrally located in the city Olib is a completely preserved 400-year- old watch tower. This was built to protect the island from pirates senjanischen. The tower is the symbol of the island and is also on its coat of arms (flag) shown.


The east coast Olibs with the bays Slatina and Slatinica is because Bora and because of individual shoals not to anchor.

The Port of Olib can accommodate larger vessels. Ships frequently running lines dock at the outer part of the pier, which closes the port on the northwest side. The Innenmole accommodate about 15 yachts.

Also, the open west Außenmole is for mooring expanded ( Moorings ). However, a mooring at the outer pier is due to sudden gale force westerly winds - especially in high summer ( Nevera ) - not advisable. Has the Nevera used can no longer be left to the port in the rule.

In the years 2005 and 2006 a new pier at and across the Old Pier Head was born. However, this does not constitute a protection against Nevera because the outer pier to the west is still open.

Watchtower on Olib

Construction of the outer pier in the spring of 2006

Ready expansion of moles in Olib