The island of Ugljan is parallel to the mainland coast of Croatia and all settlements are located along the northeastern shore. The southwestern coast is rather steep and inaccessible.
Demography and Geography
Ugljan is an island in the Zadar archipelago northwest of the island of Pasman and is separated by the Zadar Channel from the mainland. The island has an area of 50.21 km ² (length 22 km, width up to 3.8 km) and 7583 inhabitants. A bridge over the strait Zdrelac connects it to the island of Pasman.
The limestone part of the island is mostly covered with maquis, while in the underlying dolomite area is predominant crops. Larger coves are Muline in the northwest and Lamjana Vela and Lamjana mala in the southeast. The east coast falls flat to the sea, and is divided into small coves.
Ugljan is one of the most densely populated islands in Croatia.
The island has been inhabited since the Neolithic period and was first mentioned in 1325. In Roman times it was particularly densely populated in the north- western part, there were discovered many remains of ancient buildings. Today's settlements date back to the Middle Ages.