- Total - Contribution to PRC
101.8 thousand km ² 1.06%
- Total 2010 - Density
51.800.000 inhabitants 459 inhabitants / km ²
Zhejiang (浙江Chinese, Pinyin Zhejiang) is a province of the People's Republic of China. Zhejiang is located on the coast of the East China Sea in the southeast of China. It was named the Province of the Qiantang River, was formerly Zhe Jiang. The capital of Zhejiang 's Hangzhou.
Neighboring provinces: Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shanghai.
- 3.1 Agriculture
- 3.2 industry
- 3.3 Economic policy
- 3.4 Traffic
Zhejiang is a mountainous province in spite of its coastal location. 70.4 % of the area are mountains, 23.2% are basins and plains. The remaining 6.4% are water bodies (lakes and rivers).
The hills and mountains are in the west and south of the province. There is also the highest mountain in the province with 1921 meters Huangmaojian. In the north there is a large plane that lies around the Hangzhou Bay. This area is crossed by many rivers and very fertile.
Zhejiang is the province with the most islands in China. Along with the more than 3,000 small islands with a total area of over 500 sq km, the coastline adds up to 6486 km, making it longer than all other Chinese provinces. Zhoushan is to Hainan and Chongming, the third largest island in the People's Republic of China.
The climate is warm and humid in Zhejiang. The increase in mean temperatures from north to south and are in January 2-8 ° C and in July 27 to 30 ° C and an annual average of 15 to 19 ° C. The annual rainfall is 1200-1800 mm. In summer and autumn there are often typhoons, on 10 August 2006, the province was hit by the typhoon Saomai difficult.
Zhejiang consists of eleven prefecture-level cities:
- Hangzhou ( Hangzhou杭州市Shì )
- Huzhou ( Huzhou Shì湖州 市)
- Jiaxing (嘉兴 市Jiaxing Shì )
- Zhoushan ( Zhoushan Shì舟山 市)
- Ningbo ( Ningbo宁波 市Shì )
- Shaoxing ( Shaoxing Shì绍兴 市)
- Quzhou (衢州 市Quzhou Shì )
- Jinhua (金华 市Jinhua Shì )
- Taizhou (台 州市Taizhou Shì )
- Wenzhou ( Wenzhou温州 市Shì )
- Lishui (丽水 市Líshuǐ Shì )
The economy of Zhejiang, with a GDP of 1564.9 billion Yuan Renminbi ( 2007), the fourth largest in China. Also in terms of GDP per capita, which is RMB 35.730 (2007), it occupies the fourth place and 1st place at the provincial level in China.
The average income per capita of urban residents reached 18,265 RMB ( 2006) and occupies the 3rd place for 6 years ( behind Shanghai and Beijing).
The average income per capita of rural residents reached 7,335 RMB ( 2006) and occupies the first place in 22 years ( at provincial level ).
Zhejiang is known as the "Land of Fish and Rice ". The plain to the north of the province is an agricultural center and the largest producer of silk in China. The area around Zhoushan fishery is the largest area of the country. Rice is the most important agricultural product, followed by wheat, corn and sweet potatoes. Also be grown jute, cotton, canola and sugar cane.
Important industries are the electromechanical industry, shipbuilding, textiles, chemicals, food processing and building materials.
Zhejiang has developed its own development program that promotes entrepreneurship and a high priority on and a focus on the development of small businesses, investment in infrastructure and the mass production of cheap products both for consumption in China as well as for export. Zhejiang has thus become one of the richest provinces in China. Some economists doubt but that the model is sustainable.
In Zhejiang, there are several railway lines and a dense road network. Ningbo, Wenzhou, Taizhou and Zhoushan are important ports, from which there are especially many connections to Shanghai.
The 6 -lane Hangzhou Bridge, which leads 95 km east of the great Hangzhou Bay, was opened after around 10 years of planning and construction, on 1 May 2008. It is officially 35.673 km length currently the longest oversea bridge in the world. Thus, the road distance between Shanghai and Ningbo shortened by 120 km. The construction of the cable-stayed construction began in November 2003 and cost 11.8 Mrd.Yuan ( 1.1 Mrd.Euro ).
Making the Han Chinese with 99.2 % of the overwhelming majority of the population; their native language are mostly various Wu dialects. The largest minorities are the She ( 0.4%) and the Hui.
The capital city of Hangzhou is the West Lake (西湖), the Liuhe Pagoda, the grave of Yue Fei and the Temple Lingyinsi the center of tourism in the province. Other important destinations for tourists are
- The Baoguo Temple, the oldest wooden structure in southern China ( near Ningbo)
- Putuo, see a famous island, the Chinese Buddhists in conjunction with Guanyin
- The Qita Temple in Ningbo
- The Tiantai Shan, one of the Tendai Buddhism and Zen Buddhism major mountain and
- The YanDang Shan, a mountainous region north of Wenzhou
- Since 2007, the open-air museums of Wuzhen, Wuzhen particular Xizha advertised internationally.