Biograd na Moru

Biograd ( German: White Castle, Italian Zaravecchia, Hungarian Tengerfehérvár ) is a city in northern Dalmatia in the County of Zadar in Croatia.


Biograd is mentioned since the mid-10th century as a city ( Constantine Porphyrogenitus ). In the 11th century it was the seat of Croatian kings. Around 1059 Biograd became a bishop; In the same year the Benedictine monastery of St. John was founded, in 1069 the convent of St. Thomas. In 1102 King Koloman of Hungary was crowned in Biograd to the Croatian king. 1125 destroy the city, the Venetians. The time of the Venetian-Turkish war left deep traces. Especially difficult were the destruction in the year 1646. During the war Croatia Biograd was hit several times by Serbian artillery fire and many buildings damaged.

Culture and sights

The core of the old village is situated on a small peninsula. The city wall with round towers was maintained until the end of the 19th century. The remains of the cathedral, a three-aisled basilica, are completely destroyed, the remains of the monastery church of St. John, a further three-aisled basilica, could be researched and preserved from decay. From the St. Thomas Church only small remnants remain. Outside of the old settlement, the ruins of a small single-nave church with an apse were discovered and early Croatian graves. Built in 1761 parish church of St. Anastasia holds Baroque altars, one of them has a gold setting on. Outside the ancient settlement are the small churches of St. Roch and St. Anton ( 1850). In the wider area there are prehistoric archaeological sites and remains of an ancient aqueduct. In the local museum with an archaeological collection of prehistoric, ancient and early Croatian exhibits as well as remains of ship cargoes from the end of the 16th century can be seen.

Off the coast of the archipelago, the Kornati and Mljet National Park is located just a few miles away.

Twin Cities

In addition to the partnership with Porto San Giorgio (Italy ), the official twinning between Biograd na Moru and the Baden-Württemberg community Kressbronn was closed in Germany on Lake Constance in June 2010.