Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein
The noble family of the Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein originated from the castle looking at Rinteln ( Schaumburg ) at the Weser. In addition to the ordinary rule, with its residence places Biickeburg and Hagen, the family was enfeoffed with the counties of Holstein and Stormarn. In her home country was from Schauenburg later Schaumburg (from about 1480).
In the year 1110 Duke Lothar of Supplinburg appointed his vassal Adolf von Schauenburg successor of Count Gottfried von Hamburg, who had fallen in the fight against Slavs. With this appointment began in the county of Holstein a Schauenburger reign, which then lasted nearly 350 years. 1130 Adolf I. died and was succeeded by his son Adolf II, who in the battle of Demmin in Pomerania fell in 1164 against the Slavs.
As of 1261, the family has shared over the decades into several lines. Thus there were several rulers at the same time in Holstein:
- Holstein Itzehoe (1261-1290)
- Holstein Kiel (1261-1316, inherited by Plon -1390, divided again: Count Albrecht II 1397-1403 )
- Holstein Segeberg ( 1273-1308/1315 )
- Holstein - Plön (1290-1390)
- Holstein - Pinneberg or Holstein -looking castle (1290-1640)
- Holstein - Rendsburg (1290-1459)
The division ended in 1390; Rendsburger line held the most of Holstein. Only the small county of Holstein - Pinneberg was passing on. The Rendsburger line reached since 1326 on several occasions the investiture with the Danish Duchy of Schleswig or South Jutland.
The following counts were the most important for Holstein and Stormarn:
- (1110-1130) Adolf I. Count of Schauenburg and Holstein (*, ? † November 13, 1130 )
- (1130-1164) Adolf II Count of Schauenburg and Holstein (* 1128, † July 6, 1164 in Demmin )
- (1164-1225) Adolf III. Count of Schauenburg and Holstein (* 1160, † January 3, 1225 )
- (1227-1239) Adolf IV, Count of Schauenburg and Holstein ( * before 1205, † July 8, 1261 in Kiel )
- (1239-1290) Gerhard I. Graf von Holstein Itzehoe ( * ca 1232, † 1290 )
- (1290-1315) Adolf VI. Count of Schauenburg and Holstein - Pinneberg ( * ca 1256, † 1315)
- (1290-1304) Henry I, Count of Holstein- Rendsburg ( * ca 1258, † 1304)
- (1304-1340) Gerhard III. the Great, Count of Holstein- Rendsburg, Duke of Southern Jutland ( * ca 1293, † 1340)
- (1312-1359) Johann III. the mildness Count of Holstein- Plön, Lord of Fehmarn ( * ca 1294, † 1359 )
- (1340-1384) Henry II the Iron Count of Holstein- Rendsburg ( * ca 1317, † 1384 )
- (1340-1397) Nikolaus Graf von Holstein - Rendsburg, Schleswig heritage of ( * ca 1321, † 1397 )
- (1359-1390) Adolf VII, Count of Holstein- Plön, Lord of Fehmarn ( * 1329, † 1390 )
- (1384-1404) Gerhard VI. Count of Holstein- Rendsburg and after graduation in 1397 Holstein - Plön, Duke of Schleswig ( * ca 1367, † 1404)
- (1385-1403) II Count Albrecht of Holstein- Kiel ( * ca 1369, † 1403 )
- (1388-1421) Henry III. Count of Holstein- Rendsburg, Bishop of Osnabrück 1402-1410 ( * ca 1372, † 1421 )
- (1404-1427) Henry IV, Count of Holstein, Herzogprätendent of Schleswig ( * 1397, † 1427)
- (1421-1459) Adolf VIII, Count of Holstein, Duke of Schleswig ( * 1401, † 1459 )
- (1427-1433) Gerhard VII, Count of Holstein (* 1404, † 1433 )
Since Adolf VIII died without an heir, chose the Holstein nobility in 1460 its cognate nephew, the reigning since 1448, King Christian I of Denmark, the new Duke of Schleswig and contrary to the Salic Lehnserbrecht Count of Holstein and Stormarn. Thus, the House of Oldenburg came as the successor to the Schauenburger to power in Schleswig and Holstein, and ruled here until 1864.
The Pinneberger line ruled until 1640 in the small county of Holstein - Pinneberg, in the Schaumburg home country as well as from 1476 in the reign Gemen.
Importance of the Graf family in Lower Saxony
The Schauenburger have an orderly development of the land with founding cities, such as Hagen and Rinteln operated. The Schaumburg counts were in the 13th century Gografen the district Wennigsen ( Deister) and wealthy Deister foothills for over a hundred years. This circumstance brought it about that the Count of Schauenburg and Holstein, the bailiwick of the monastery Wennigsen was assumed. The Graf family donated property to the monastery. The county Sternberg belonged from 1377 to 1402 / 05, when it was pledged to the noble men to the lip, for Schauenburger possession. Count John IV of Schauenburg and Holstein - Pinneberg received by marriage to Cordula von Gehmen (now Gemen ) this rule in 1476 by the son -less father- ceded ( transferred ).