The Glarus Alps are a subgroup of the Western Alps. They are located in Switzerland in the cantons of Glarus, Graubünden, St. Gallen and Uri.
The Glarus Alps are not confined to the political frontier of the Canton of Glarus, but extend over a large area between the anterior Rhine valley to the south and east, Lake Walen and the mountains in the canton of Schwyz in the north and the Klausen Pass in the west.
The highest peak at 3614 meters, is the Toedi. In the Glarus Alps are beyond numerous three-thousand and some glaciers. In terms of scenic beauty the area the more famous Bernese Alps, Valais Alps is after barely. The Glarus Alps also have the advantage of relative simplicity and less visited than the sometimes crowded -known mountain groups in the western Alps.
- 3.1 three-thousand
- 4.1 World Heritage Glarus overthrust
- 4.2 Landscapes of National Importance
- 5.1 huts
- 5.2 Fern-/Weitwanderwege
The definition of the Glarus Alps
An internationally recognized classification of the Alps in subgroups is still not available and can not be expected in the foreseeable future. Almost every Alpine country Alpine shares a different. While one has been reached on the whole, satisfactory subdivision of the Eastern Alps, at least for the German-speaking tourists through the AVE, the Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps, the Western Alps are far from it.
The problem with the Glarus Alps - as with many other sub- groups on Swiss territory - is that a political term is used to define a geographic unit.
The existing classifications
- In the division of the Swiss Alpine Club (SAC ), the term of the Glarus Alps is used for the area around Glarus. The massif of Glärnisch one of them. The Glarus Alps border east of Todi. In the south the Vorderrheintal forms the border, the south-western part of the mountain range to the Pizol and the House floor, however, are already part of the Grison Alps.
- The Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, the German language trade publisher with the largest literary quote on the Alps, Glarus Alps Alps bordering in his overview one similar to the SAC. However, the groups to Pizol and house Stock remain with the Glarus Alps.
- Many atlases know the concept of the Glarus Alps and apply it to the entire massif between the Reuss valley, the anterior Rhine valley and Lake Walen. The foothills of Klausen Pass north to the foothills of the Alps are usually not considered with its own name.
- Knaurs lexicon for mountain lovers, 1987 issued by the Alps connoisseur Ernst Höhne, as well as the SOIUSA define the Glarus Alps in classical orographic way (see also Glarus Alps, in the broader sense ( SOIUSA ) ). The western border is the Reuss valley, the southern border of the anterior Rhine valley, the eastern border of Lake Walen and the northern boundary passes over the Klausen Pass.
- The lexicon of the Alps, in 1977 issued the famous mountaineer Toni Hiebeler, apply a very generous disposition. At the Glarus Alps, the entire Alpine area is north of the Oberalp Pass to Lake Constance and Lake Zurich expected.
- The Knaurs Alps color guide, published in 1980, the term of the Glarus Alps does not know and instead uses the rough description " between the Rhine and Reuss ".
- In issue 39 of the Scientific Alpine Club books " The mountain ranges of the Alps" the attempt of an international division of the Alps is published. The Glarus Alps extend from the Oberalp Pass to the then Ruosalper Grätli, for Pragelpass and Sarganser saddle. This ensures that in addition to the area, which is represented in the lexicon Knaurs for mountain and heard also the Glärnisch the Glarus Alps.
Commitment to a definition
The Eastern Alps are divided into subgroups based orographic criteria. The decisive factor here is not the political affiliation, but the delimitation of mountain ranges. It searches for possible deep and striking valleys and saddles for the demarcation. Applying these criteria to the Western Alps classification, then the entire massif between the Oberalp and Sarganser saddle as a subgroup must apply.
The term of the Glarus Alps must be maintained, for it is widely used and introduced in the literature. However, the Glarus Alps extend far beyond the Canton of Glarus addition. In the south, bordering on the anterior Rhine valley ( canton Graubünden). In the west, they border on the Reuss Valley (Canton Uri). The orographic clearest northern border runs along the Klausen Pass. This is the Glärnischmassiv no longer part of the subgroup of the Glarus Alps (but part of the political unity of the Glarus Alps, for the Glärnisch located in the territory of the canton Glarus ). However, this article is about the term " Glarus Alps " as a subset of the Alps and not the Alps in the canton of Glarus.
In the west the Reuss valley forms the border of Altdorf south of Lake Lucerne on Erstfeld, silenes, Amsteg, Göschenen to Andermatt. In the south the boundary of Andermatt runs over the Oberalp Pass and the Vorderrheintal Sedrun, Disentis, Ilanz to Reichenau. In Reichenau unite the Anterior Rhine and the Rhine behind and form the actual Rhine. The boundary continues down the Rhine to Chur. In the east the boundary of Chur Rhine river downstream overland Quart, Bad Ragaz runs to Sargans. Between Reichenau and Sargans the border of the Glarus Alps is also the border between the Eastern and the Western Alps. The border in the north runs from Sargans to Lake Walen to the confluence of Linth. In the north- west the boundary runs along the Linth from the confluence with Lake Walen upriver about Glarus and Schwanden to Linthal. From there it goes through the Urner Boden on the Klausen Pass and back down through the Schächtental up to Altdorf in the Reuss valley.
In the Glarus Alps are 51 named three thousand. These are, in order of height:
(meets summit definition does not )
- 7 Piz Urlaun, 3359 m
- 8 Oberalpstock, 3328 m
- 9 porphyry, 3327 m
- 10 Gross Schärhorn, 3294 m
- 11 Piz Frisal, 3292 m
- Clariden 12, 3267 m
- 13 Gross Düssi, 3256 m
- 14 Cavistrau Grond, 3252 m
- 15 Ringelspitz ( Piz Barghis ), 3247 m
- 16 chli Schärhorn, 3234 m
- 17 Cavistrau Pign, 3220 m
- Chammliberg 18, 3214 m
- 19 Piz Cambrialas, 3208 m
- 20 Gross Windgällen, 3187 m
- 21 House floor, 3158 m
- 23 Glaser Horn, 3128 m
- 24 Grison Toedi, 3124 m
- 25 Clariden Horn, 3119 m
- 26 Tristelhorn ( Piz da Sterls ), 3114 m
- Ruchi 27, 3107 m
- Panärahörner 28, 3106 m
- 29 Home floor, 3102 m
- 30 Piz Tumpiv, 3101 m
- 31 Piz Segnas, 3099 m
- 32 Piz Giuv, 3096 m
- Muttenstock 33, 3089 m
- 34 chli Upper Alpine, 3085 m
- 35 rear Schiben, 3084 m
- 36 Red Wichel, 3084 m
- Crispalt 37, 3076 m
- 38 chli Toedi, 3076 m
- 39 Piz Posta Biala, 3074 m
- 40 Bristen, 3072 m
- 41 Piz Cazarauls, 3063 m
- 42 Brichplanggen floor, 3061 m
- 43 Piz Nair, 3059 m
- 44 Piz Sardona, 3056 m
- 45 chli Ruchi, 3039 m
- 46 rear Selbsanft, 3029 m
- 47 Grison preliminary, 3028 m
- 48 Trinser Horn ( Piz Dolf ), 3028 m
- 49 Piz Ault, 3027 m
- 50th Glarus preliminary, 3018 m
- Witenalpstock 51, 3016 m
World Heritage Glarus overthrust
The Glarus overthrust was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2009.
Landscapes of national importance
According to article 5 of the Federal Law on Nature and Cultural Heritage Protection leads to Switzerland a Federal Inventory of Landscapes and Natural Monuments of National Importance.
In the Glarus Alps, there are currently seven of these landscapes:
- No. 1602 Name: Murg Valley - Mürtschental, year of inclusion in the inventory: 1977, Size: 4210 acres Description: Beautiful, two lakes embossed, not impaired by intervening valley. Geologic and classified morphologically rich. Especially remarkable flora, caused by alternating rock base. In the highlands of stocks by Arven in conjunction with mountain pine and alpine rose bushes.
- No. 1603 Name: Maderanertal - Fellital, year of inclusion in the inventory: 1977, Size: 16'176 hectares, Description: Nice, by the technology changed little high alpine valleys in the Aar Massif and its sedimentary mantle. Rich in minerals. Naturally flowing strong streams. Because of the change of primary rocks and limestone diverse flora. Pine forest remarkably on Felligrat for central Switzerland. Abundance of wildlife.
- No. 1610 Name: Schneidnössli at Erstfeld, year of inclusion in the inventory: 1983, Size: 5 acres
- No. 1611 Name: Hole in side Schwanden, year of inclusion in the inventory: 1983, Size: 1 acre
- No. 1614 Name: Tamina Gorge, year of inclusion in the inventory: 1996 Size: 115 acres
- No 1615, title: Mels background mountain Flumser Kleinberg, year of inclusion in the inventory: 1996, Size: 1551 acres
- No. 1902 Name: Ruinaulta, year of inclusion in the inventory: 1977, Size: 2044 acres Description: Canyon of the Anterior Rhine in the debris stream of the Flims landslide. Up to 300 meters high erosion cracks. Mostly undeveloped shore; except for a narrow-gauge line not accompanied by any roads. On the sunny slopes common Erika pine forest with interesting dry flora. On the shady slopes predominantly montane spruce-fir forest with a yew.
- Clariden hut
- Fridolin Hut
The Via Alpina, a cross-border long-distance trail with five sub- paths through the whole Alps, also passes through the Glarus Alps.
The Green Trail Via Alpina runs with four stages through the Glarus Alps as follows:
- Stage C3 runs from Sargans to Elm on the Foopass
- Stage C4 runs from Elm to Linthal over the Richetlipass
- Stage C5 runs from Linthal the Urner Boden about Braunwald
- Stage C6 runs from the Urner Boden to Altdorf in the Reuss valley over the Klausen Pass
The Alpine Pass Route, a long-distance trail from Sargans to Montreux on Lake Geneva, also passes through the Glarus Alps. The course of the Via Alpina and the Alpine Pass Route is identical by the Glarus Alps.