The Lahn- Dill-Kreis is a district in Hesse with headquarters in the county town of Wetzlar and extensions in Dillenburg, Herborn and Haiger. The name derives from the county are the two rivers Lahn and Dill. In the seventies of the circle at a major local government reform from the Lahn -Dill or the Lahn- Dill area was formed, first in 1977 around the city of Lahn, after which resolution a second time in 1979 finally in reduced form, as a new district in central Hesse, from parts of the former district of Wetzlar, the Dillkreis and border communities of the former county Biedenkopf.
- 4.1 Kreistag
- 4.2 District Administrators
- 4.3 Coat of Arms
The dill is a right tributary of the Lahn, both of which run in landscape formative valleys. The Lahn flows east through southern region, with the county town of Wetzlar, where it picks up the dill, west to exit the circle area at Leun towards Weilburg again.
The northern district area includes foothills of the Rothaargebirge, the western foothills of the Westerwald, the ( North ) East, the ( south ) western Gladenbacher highlands and the southern part of the middle Lahn Valley and parts of eastern Hintertaunus.
Neighboring districts are in the northeast of Marburg- Biedenkopf, in the eastern district of Gießen, in the south of the Hoch-Taunus district and the district of Wetterau, in the southwest of Limburg- Weilburg in the west of Rhineland-Palatinate Westerwald region and in the northwest and north of the North Rhine-Westphalian district of Siegen -Wittgenstein.
Geographical extremes and midpoints
The northernmost Punkt50.882928.27507 is located in the municipality Dietzhölztal, the easternmost Punkt50.515078.65133 in the community hut mountain, the southernmost Punkt50.395128.4962 in the community Waldsolms and the westernmost Punkt50.657458.1099 in the community Driedorf.
With these points, two different geographical center of the Lahn- Dill district can be calculated. These and other methods of calculation are described in the calculation of the center of Germany.
With the focus of a method defined by latitude and longitude area results for the Lahn- Dill-Kreis a Mittelpunkt50.639058.38033 west of Kölsch Hausen, in the municipality of Ehringhausen.
With the intersection calculation methodology gives the Lahn- Dill-Kreis a Mittelpunkt50.577628.41345 southwest of Bergshausen, a district of Asslar.
Through the Lahn- Dill-Kreis, who, like all of Germany has a temperate seasonal climate zone, passes a weather divide, which is mainly all in significantly varying annual amounts of precipitation. So falls in the north of the circle more than 50 % more precipitation than at some weather stations in the center and south. ( Dietzhölztal almonds: 1096.4 mm as opposed to only 718.9 mm in Ehringhausen Kölsch Hausen, the lowest value in the circle). In general, it is striking that the precipitation values from the north of the circle area with the foothills of the Rothaargebirge the south tend to fall ( Dietzhölztal almonds: 1096.4 mm; Eschenburg - Hirzenhain: 965.6 mm; Siegbach - Eisemroth: 841.4 mm; Wetzlar - Nauborn: 737.1 mm). An even greater difference there is between the towns in the west and in the east of the southern Lahn- Dill district. So fall in belonging to the Westerwald Driedorf whole 1229.1 mm of precipitation per year - more than 70 % more than in just about 15 km as the crow away Ehringhausen.
The average annual temperatures in the Lahn- Dill-Kreis located near the national territory by means of 8.2 ° C. ( Asslar Small Altenstädten: 8.4 ° C, with 314 m already slightly higher ground Dillenburg they lie at 7.7 ° C).
The southern district area belonged to the Prince of Solms- Braunfels and the free imperial city of Wetzlar. This had the consequence of Reichsdeputationshauptschluss losing their freedom Empire in 1803, then give up as a county Wetzlar, in favor of the newly created Grand Duchy of Frankfurt of the Prince Primate Karl Theodor von Dalberg and Reichserzkanzlers. The former solmsischen areas came to Nassau in 1806 and 1815 in exchange also to Prussia. 1816 the Prussian districts Wetzlar Braunfels, which were united in 1822 to the district of Wetzlar. The circle was until 1932 an exclave of the Prussian Rhine Province. The northern district area since the Middle Ages belonged to the principality of Nassau and Nassau-Orange, which was called from 1815 Duchy of Nassau. This made the two offices Herborn and Dillenburg. After the annexation of the Duchy of Nassau to Prussia in 1866, the two offices were combined to Dillkreis. ( See also Main article: Lahn- Dill area )
After the Second World War, all of today's the district came to the State of Hesse. The two circles ( Wetzlar and Dillkreis ) were still continuing until 1976. On January 1, 1977 she was united to the new Lahn- Dill-Kreis together with the circle casting and five villages of the district Biedenkopf. Seat of county government was formed at the same time the county-level city " Lahn ". This appearance is due to the independent city casting with the city of Wetzlar and 14 surrounding communities.
Because of protests, mainly by the Wetzlar population, the municipal reform was partially reversed. With effect from 1 August 1979, the city " Lahn " was disbanded and the rebuilt city of Wetzlar county seat of Lahn -Dill -Kreis, who by the rebuilding of the County of Gießen ( district town of Gießen ) was scaled accordingly. Since then, the Lahn- Dill district includes 23 cities and towns.
The municipal election held 27 March 2011 yielded the following results:
- Ernst Türk ( SPD), January 1, 1977 to June 15, 1977 ( State Representative District after the territorial reform )
- Dr. Karl Rehrmann (CDU ), June 16, 1977 to July 31, 1979 and August 1, 1979 to July 31, 1981 ( State Representative District according to the territorial reorganization of August 1, 1979)
- Dr. Franz Demmer (CDU ), August 1 1981 to June 10, 1985
- Gerhard Bökel (SPD ), June 11, 1985 to July 11, 1994
- Dr. Karl Ihmels (SPD ), November 7, 1994 to November 6, 2006
- Wolfgang Schuster ( SPD), since November 7, 2006
Coat of arms
Blazon: "Divided: top in gold is a red reinforced black double-headed eagle; split down: front in gold a blue hunting horn with a red ribbon, back in blue, with golden bestreutem shingles box red reinforced golden lion " (Coat of Arms Awards: August 4, 1980).
The imperial eagle symbolizes the former free imperial city of Wetzlar, the hunting horn the County of Orange and the lion, the Principality of Nassau.
By the district the federal highways lead 45 ( Aschaffenburg Dortmund) / E 40, E 41 and 480 ( Wetzlar rice Churches E 40; cross section from Wetzlar to the current exit after Wetzlar Blasbach ). In addition, several federal highways and county roads open 277a the district area, including the B 49 / E 44, B 253, B 255, B 277 and B the former.
The transport association Lahn Dill (VLD ) and the local public transport company of Limburg -Weilburg GmbH (LNG ) are fused in early September 2011 on the transport company Lahn -Dill -Weil mbH ( VLDW ). She is as special purpose association responsible for public transport in the Lahn- Dill-Kreis and the district of Limburg -Weilburg, with the exception of the territory of the city of Wetzlar, which organized public transport independently through their local transport organization. On school days, at total daily in the top 250 vehicles to 120 - as regional and local lines. The VLD operates 554 stations in the territory of the Lahn- Dill district. Currently 6 transport companies take on behalf of the VLD. The number of kilometers driven in the timetable is approximately 5.7 million per year. In Wetzlar Wetzlar GmbH transport companies take on behalf of the local transport organization of the city of Wetzlar on 10 local lines 220 stations with an annual traffic capacity of approximately 1.4 million bus kilometers.
By the district leads the dill services of Deutsche Bahn AG with Regional Express connections from Frankfurt am Main or pouring over Wetzlar and Dillenburg to Siegen (connection towards Hagen) and continue on the winning track after Cologne and Aachen, as well as with the Central Hesse Express, which connects the communities of the middle Lahn- dill district to change trains with Frankfurt. Since the timetable change in December 2009, Wetzlar, Herborn and Dillenburg were working day hit by a train pair of international Fernzugs Euro City, who drove from victories over Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Munich to Klagenfurt and Ljubljana and Zagreb. This compound was reinstated for 2011 timetable change. In addition, the trains run on the Lahn Valley Railway by pouring over Wetzlar -Weilburg Limburg to Koblenz. On the edge of the Heller Valley Railway from Dillenburg on Haiger touched by Betz village nor the district area. In the south is of Waldsolms - Brandoberndorf over the Taunus railway connection to Bad Homburg and Frankfurt. The lying in the district section of the route of the VLD had bought in 1996 by the DB AG. Larger stations are located in Wetzlar, Herborn and Dillenburg.
Cities and Towns
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Municipalities in the county
- The Aartalsee at Bischoffen
- The castle Braunfels
- The stalactite cave "Autumn Labyrinth" at Breitscheidstraße
- The wildlife park in Donsbach
- The Wilhelmsturm in Dillenburg
- The Krombachtalsperre at Driedorf
- The gripping stone castle in the Westerwald
- The historic town of Herborn with a variety of historical buildings and half-timbered houses
- The bird park in Herborn - Uckersdorf
- The villa Haas, built in 1892, is a listed building of historicism in mind
- The visitor mine pit Fortuna at Solms-Oberbiel/Wetzlar
- The old imperial city of Wetzlar, cathedral and Old Town
- Museums in Wetzlar
- Coptic monastery in Kröffelbach
- Ulmbachstausee in Beilstein
At the foundation of the Lahn- Dill district of this as well as the county-level city Lahn got the license plate "L ", which, however, was originally reserved for Leipzig. Although the city Lahn not existed long, the Lahn- Dill-Kreis initially retained the "L" at the license plate. After the reunion took place, the "L" had to be ceded to Leipzig in 1991. The Lahn- Dill-Kreis received on October 1, 1990, the new mark LDK. However, the previously approved in the Lahn- Dill-Kreis license plate with the letter " L" remain valid indefinitely continue. The Leipzig and " Breitlahner " license plate could be distinguished from each other based on the number of digits 1991-2011. Leipzig flag initially had only four digits. Had the old mark of the Lahn- Dill district code from the number range of L -AA 100 to ZZ L- 999, while the remaining number range plus LA was 1000 et seq of the city Lahn reserved until 31 July 1979. For the avoidance of confusion were to LT 9999 and by the district of Leipzig awarded by the city of Leipzig only indicator combinations of L -AA 1000 to L -TZ 9999 and LF 1000 only indicator combinations of L -UA 1000 to L -ZZ 9999 and LU 1000 and LZ 9999. Since the letters B, F, G, I, O, Q have not yet been distributed at the time of the Lahn- Dill district, stood on August 12, 1992 ( with B, F, G) and 26 May 2000 ( with I, O, Q) combinations with three or fewer digits, which contain the aforementioned six letters, Leipzig available. Only since 2012, free numbers of the old Lahn- Dill- number range to September 1990 in Leipzig approved vehicles are available. In fact, the few remaining Lahn- Dill- L flag are so apart from the stamp only on non- euro - design to realize. For the city of Wetzlar on 1 July 2012, the license plate tool was reintroduced.