Liberal Party (Norway)
Venstre (V ) (literally, left, customary designation liberals ) is a social liberal party in Norway. It was founded on 28 January 1884, making it the oldest party in the country.
The current basic program of "freedom and justice " was adopted on 14 April 2007. It describes the vision of social and liberal knowledge society in which all have the freedom and the opportunity to tread your own path to a better life, a society in which people are responsible for each other and for the environment take over.
Venstres election program In 2009, four priorities: education, environmental protection, startup entrepreneurs and social welfare.
- Education - Systematic After and training for teachers. Introduction of a 5-year teacher education. More time for teaching instead of documentation requirements. Increase research grants for universities and other research centers to three percent of GDP.
- Environmental Protection - Norway is to be developed by the oil nation to environmental pioneer. Promotion of renewable energies. Emission-free public transport. Implementation of the objectives of the Kyoto Protocol. Green Tax Reform: the burden of labor, burden polluting consumption.
- Startup entrepreneurs - Protection of the legal status of small business owners and entrepreneurs / start-ups. Simplification of the rules. Use private social entrepreneurs in schools, education, health and probation. State venture capital fund to promote start-ups. Abolition of the income and inheritance tax.
- Social Welfare - municipalities on increased responsibility for the health and welfare system. Strengthen prevention and rehabilitation. More time for patients instead of documentation.
In addition, the party represents, inter alia, the following positions:
- Immigration and Integration - nations and societies need both the cultural and the economic stimulation that comes from immigration: " A diverse society is a good society. " Prerequisite for this is the will to fully-fledged integration on both sides.
- Regional Promotion - The state must continue to develop the infrastructure in the rural areas and remote parts of the country of Norway. In the periphery, new jobs are to be created.
- Foreign Policy - A fairer global distribution. Strengthening of democracy and human rights worldwide. Commitment to freedom and civil rights, even where Norwegian business and commercial interests may be affected.
- Culture - arts and culture form the basis for the development of individual and society as a whole. Neither state or local carrier nor the forces of the free market should be allowed to be determined solely on cultural development.
Election results to the Storting since 1945
Venstres party's founding in 1884 coincides in Norway with the introduction of parliamentary democracy. In the early phase of the party played the connection between the radical peasant politician Søren Jaabæk and the moderate Johan Sverdrup a crucial role. The Liberals were among the leading forces in the fight for universal and equal suffrage. In foreign policy, aimed at Venstre rapid dissolution of the union with Sweden.
In 1888, the " Moderate Venstre " split off and formed a third group in the Storting. Their roots had the party on the one hand in the temperance movement; to another in the Lutheran Inner Mission by Lars Oftedal. As Oftedal 1891 allied himself with the conservative Høyre, many MPs returned back to Venstre. Moderates advocated a gradual disentanglement of Norway from the union with Sweden. As Høyre gave their adherence to the Union, merged the " Moderate Venstre " with her to the " Coalition Party ", to the " Free Radical Venstre " in 1905. In 1933 the name was changed to " Liberal People's Party " and 1945 abandoned for the old designation Høyre.
1933 split from the Christian People's Party of Venstre. 1972 split from the incoming accession to the EEC for a Liberal People's Party (Det liberal Folkeparti, DLF ). In 1988 it came to the reunion of DLF and Venstre.
In the postwar period Venstre was involved in five governments, most recently from 2001 to 2005 as the smallest party to a center-right coalition with the Conservatives and Christian People's Party.
Venstre presented six Norwegian Prime Minister, all before 1935.
- Johan Sverdrup, 1884-1889
- John Steen, 1891-1893 and 1898-1902
- Otto Blehr, 1902-1903 and 1921-1923
- Jørgen Løvland, 1907-1908
- Gunnar Knudsen, 1908-1910 and 1913-1920
- Johan Ludwig Mowinckel, 1924-1926, 1928-1931 and 1933-1935
Participation in government
- Government Lyng, 1963
- Government braids, 1965-1971
- Government Korvald, 1972-1973
- Government Bondevik I, 1997-2000
- Bondevik II Government, 2001-2005