Orihuela ( katal.: " Oriola ") is a Spanish town in the province of Alicante. She has on an area of ​​365.4 km ², a population of 91 260 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013). The river Segura flows through this ancient episcopal city.

  • 3.1 Chronology


Orihuela area extends from the mountains in the hinterland to the coast, which lies 20 kilometers from the center.

Orihuela is part of the Spanish speaking world.

Orihuela Costa

The coastal region has grown in recent years to 30,000 residential units and is now larger than the old episcopal city in its expansion. The coastal settlement bears the name Orihuela Costa or Playas de Orihuela. Orihuela Costa comprises 57 residential neighborhoods. The most important of these are: Dehesa de Campoamor, Cabo Roig, Playa Flamenca, La Zenia, La Regia, Las Mimosas, Los Dolses and Villamartin.

Personalities of the city and events

The Spanish poet Miguel Hernández, after a university was named, was born in this city. Also the festival Moros y Cristianos makes Orihuela significant.

History and Politics

Orihuela is the capital of the Vega Baja del Segura region (natural region ) was the capital of the eponymous province, and the kingdom of the same name. On September 11, 1437 Orihuela was first called in the province of Alicante city. Enseña de Orihuela, the Oriol, has the privileges of which never she tends. Before God and only the King


  • 576 - Orihuela is the capital of the Roman province Aurariola who gives them their name.
  • 713 (5 April ) - The Visigothic army commander Theodomir appointed " King of Todmir ".
  • 788 - the kingdom is Todmir kura or cora ( province) of the Emirate of Cordoba Ummayyaden - the capital of Murcia.
  • 1037 - The province goes to the emirate of Valencia.
  • 1053 - The Principality of Murcia falls to the Kingdom of Denia.
  • 1086 - The Principality of Murcia is independent of Denia.
  • 1177 - The Principality, happens to be an employee, the river basins.
  • 1212 - One is to turn the kingdom of Murcia.
  • 1304 - Orihuela is situated on the border between the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon.
  • 1366 - It is definitely part of the Kingdom of Aragón.
  • 1380 - Orihuela is the capital of Interior de Orihuela ( the 2/3 of today's area of ​​the province reached ).
  • 1437 (September 11 ) - Orihuela is first described as a city.
  • 1707 - King Charles V returns to do to Hauptorihuela the province of Orihuela.
  • 1737 - Alicante, Elche, Monforte del Cid, Jijona, Villajoyosa, Agost, Campello, San Juan or Muchamiel be independent of the province of Orihuela and the form of Alicante.
  • 1799 - Orihuela is part of the province of Alicante.
  • 1810 - Under Napoleon Bonaparte Orihuela is part of the new Rio Segura province with the capital of Murcia.
  • 1822 - Orihuela is part of the province of Murcia.
  • 1833 - The city is finally part of the province of Alicante.
  • 1920 - Nationalist movements demand a return of Orihuela to the province of Murcia.
  • 1988-2006 - Various studies of the universities of Andalusia, Castile and Murcia show that Orihuela has always has a closer connection to Murcia as to Valencia: This concerns, inter alia, the spoken language (pronunciation, vocabulary and speech habits ), Architecture, Agriculture, folklore, musical celebrations, instruments and gastronomy.
  • 2006 ( 11th April) - The new Statute of Autonomy of the Valencian Community, which cancels the Orihuela dialectalmente region to increase the nationalist movement and leads to a new lack of unity with the rest of the Valencian people. The centralist policy of the Valencian Government, for example in health investment, are some policy initiatives of the anti Valencian nationalism buoyancy.