Parish Church of St. Vincent, St. Anthony's chapel and rectory tithe barn
Pfaffnau is a municipality in the constituency Willisau the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. The former monastery of St. Urban, with its enclosed gardens is also in the community Pfaffnau and is 4.5 km west of the village Pfaffnau.
- 3.1 languages
- 3.2 Religions - confessions
- 3.3 origin - Nationality
The community is located between the valley of ( Gondiswiler ) Rotbachs and the Wiggertal in the northwest corner of the canton of Lucerne. The municipality consists of the villages Pfaffnau Village and St. Urban (4,5 km west of Pfaffnau village), located directly on the collision of the canton boundaries of Aargau, Bern and Lucerne. The two villages are separated by the two large forest areas and forest cows Tell forest. The place is located in a hilly area. Pfaffnau village is crossed by Pfaffneren.
From the whole municipal area 65.7 % is used for agriculture. Other 25.2% are forest area and 8.8 % settlement area.
To the east of the location of the cottage forest and the forest reserve are. Am ( Gondiswiler ) Rotbach and thus on the road cell -St. Urban are various hamlets. The southernmost of these is Ludligen ( 527 m above sea level, 4.1 km southwest of the village ), located in the eastern part of the Great Forest. Further north is the two parts Berghof is ( Unterberghof 496 and 550 m above sea level Berghof; 4.1 respectively 3.6 km west-southwest of the village. ), At the eastern border of the Baanwald begins. 1.5 km south of St. Urban, the hamlet of Big Sonnhaldenstrasse located ( 493 m asl ).
The district of St. Urban is itself of several settlements. The southernmost is the Weiherhof, then north then the former monastery of St. Urban. To the east of the monastery is Neuschür. In the north of the monastery are a development area and Murhof. On the northern boundary of the parish is the hamlet of Crooked (1.8 km north-west of the village; 523 m above sea level ). 600 m north of the village lies legends, grown together with Hubel and is the third largest settlement in the community. In the northeast of the hamlet community Schulerslehn are (1,9 km north-east; 526 m above sea level ) and Tannbach ( 1.8 km east-northeast; 560 m above sea level ). Between Tannbach and Pfaffnau village of Weiler Käppeli is (1,2 km north-east ). South of Tannbach is Nuttelen ( 1.2 km east of the village ) and even further south Castle ( 1.2 km southeast of the village) with the ruins of the castle Pfaffnau. East of Nuttelen and castle lies the great castle forest, which merges directly into the Langauer forest in the north. Intermediate Richenthal Roggliswil and the hamlets lie Eberdingen (1.8 km south-east of the village; 650-769 m above sea level ) with the bordering south Eberdingerhöhe (712 m) and further southwards Uelihof ( 653 m. above sea level) and Witelingen ( 673 m asl, 3 km south of Pfaffnau village).
Pfaffnaus neighboring municipalities are located in three different cantons. The Bernese neighboring towns are Melchnau, Roggwil and Langenthal; the Aargau Brittnau and Murgenthal and the Lucerne Altbüron, Grossdietwil, Reiden, and Roggliswil.
First mention is the place under the name Fafanhaa in a deed of ownership of the woman Münster Abbey Zurich in the year 893 the end of the 12th century also have the Canons Beromunster and the monastery Engelberg ( OW) goods in the community. The high jurisdiction exercised by the Habsburgs, who hit the town to the Official Willisau. The lower courts is in the hands of the lords of Pfaffnau and later the monastery of St. Urban. The year 1375 was a disastrous year for both Pfaffnau as for the monastery of St. Urban. The Gugler, the mercenary troops Enguerrands VII de Coucy, burned both districts. After Habsburg had lost the battle of Sempach, the expanding city of Lucerne in 1407 seized the area. Pfaffnau remained until 1798 part of the bailiwick Willisau. Then the place was until 1803 the district Altishofen allocated before it was beaten to the newly established Office Willisau.
The population increased greatly 1798-1860 to ( 1798-1860: 57.0 %). This was followed by a decrease in the resident population to 1870 and a sharp increase in the 1870s. Although the number of inhabitants declined from 1880 to 1900 by about a hundred people, but compared to other rural communities, the population loss was low. This also shows a comparison (1850-1900: 3.7 %). By 1950, the population grew moderately but steadily ( from 1900 to 1950: 29.1 %), after which it stagnated for two decades. A decline between 1970 and 1980 was followed by an increase until 1990 Since then, the population drops again. ( 1990-2004: -19.3 %).
The population used as everyday language, a high- Alemannic dialect. At the last census in 2000 gave 94.02 % German, Serbo-Croatian 1.72% and 0.96 % of Albanian as their main language.
Religions - faiths
Previously, all the inhabitants were members of the Roman Catholic Church. By leaving the church and immigration from other regions in Switzerland and abroad, this has changed. Today ( as of 2000) provides for the religious composition of the population as follows: There are 70.75 % Roman Catholic, 15.82% Protestant Reformed and 3.89% Orthodox Christians. In addition, one finds 3.64% and 2.55 % non-religious Muslims. In the Orthodox are members of the Slavic peoples ( Serbs, Montenegrins and Macedonians ) from the former Yugoslavia. The Muslims are almost invariably of Albanian origin.
Origin - Nationality
Of the 2,106 inhabitants end of 2006, 1'946 Swiss and 160 ( = 7.6 %) foreigners. At the last census was 88.08 % ( 90.54 % including dual citizens ) Swiss nationals. The largest immigrant groups come from Serbia and Montenegro (mainly Slavs, but also many Albanians ), Macedonia (mostly Albanians ), Sri Lanka, Portugal, Croatia and Germany.
The two districts Pfaffnau and St. Urban are through the bus Zofingen Pfaffnau -St. Urban society SDR connected to the network of public transport. St. Urban is also with the environment by the bus Zell LU - Altbüron -St. Urban and railway St. Urban - Langenthal Langenthal - Melchnau the former railway connected.
Pfaffnau and St. Urban are on the road Reiden - Langenthal. From Pfaffnau from a road leading over Vordemwald AG in Zofingen AG, another after Altbüron. From St. Urban run off several streets - including Zell LU and Langenthal. The nearest motorway junction in Reiden of the A2 motorway, from where you can reach the southeast of Lucerne situated about 45 km away, is 5 km from the village Pfaffnau.
Pfaffnau and St. Urban
Pfaffnau, rectory and St. Anthony Chapel
Pfaffnau, Parish Church of St. Vincent
Pfaffnau, Parish Church
St. Urban, monastery 1654
St. Urban Monastery in the village of St. Urban