Portalegre, Portugal

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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Portalegre (IPA [ puɾtɐ'lɛgɾ ( ɨ ) ] ) is a city ( Cidade ) in Portugal with 15,642 inhabitants (as of 30 June. 2011) and town of the district of the same name ( concelho ).

The city is the capital of the administrative district of Portalegre and seat of the Diocese of Portalegre - Castelo Branco.

Portalegre is located in the Natural Park of Serra de São Mamede, and is particularly known for its carpet of art, which are exported all over the world.

  • 3.1 circle
  • 3.2 Demographics
  • 3.3 Local holiday
  • 3.4 Town twinning
  • 6.1 Highway
  • 6.2 transport


A variety of findings, in particular worked stones from the Paleolithic and Neolithic tombs, is a prehistoric settlement. It has long been suspected, today's Portalegre would go back to the Roman city Ammaia, it is clear since the early 1930s by the discovery of a Roman inscription that Ammaia is the origin of today's Aramenha in a circle Marvão. Thus it can be assumed that the present town originated in the Middle Ages.

The first mention of Portalegre in 1229 as a parish of the circle Marvão. In 1253 it was already done as the seat of its own district, and in 1259 it was the first city rights by King D.Afonso III. King D.Dinis extended in 1290 the old fortifications of the place considerably, in connection with the dispute with his brother.

In the revolution of 1383 it became the governor of Port Alegre, D.Pedro, on the side of Castile. However, the population was on the side of the Portuguese independence movement and distribution D.Pedro, who had to flee to Crato, and then participated in the Battle of Aljubarrota on August 14, 1385 on pages Castile, where he met his death.

On August 21, 1549 Portalegre became a bishop, and on May 23, 1550 rose D.João King III. the location to the city ( Cidade ). Port Alegre was one of the most important cloth production facilities in the country, along with Estremoz and Covilhã, including in Portalegre the original Jewish community of the town contributed to special tax documents in Portugal and therefore had significance for the public finances.

As part of the mercantilist policies of the Prime Minister, the Marquis of Pombal ( Portuguese: Marquês de Pombal ), was a former Jesuit monastery founded a textile workshop in the 18th century, which further gave the place as a textile site buoyancy. There you can see a tapestry ( Manufactura de Tapeçarias ).

While the Liberal Revolution in 1822 Portalegre was mainly on the part of liberals. When the new Liberal government in 1835 as part of its administrative reforms created the Districts in Portugal, was next to the historic Évora not significant, in the revolution but seasoned on the part of absolutists Elvas capital of a district, but Portalegre.

The arrival of the English industrialist George Robinson, who founded a factory for the processing of cork in 1848 here, and the development of their own weaving in Port Alegre in 1940, with the following setup of the aforementioned carpet factory Manufactura de tapeçaria 1947 contributed to the continued importance of the city in structurally weak upper Alentejo with.

Culture and sights

Listed Places

In the circle numerous archaeological excavations and finds can be seen. Besides Palaeolithic localities are a number of Neolithic tombs ( Portuguese: Antas ) to see, including the Anta do Tapadão and other megalithic sites.

A variety of houses from the 16th and 17th centuries testifies to the wealth that the wool processing, tapestry and silk weaving once allowed here. Among the 228 official monuments also include, among others modernist public and private buildings, fountains, mansions, gardens, and religious buildings of different eras, including the three-nave Mannerist Cathedral from the 16th century, with notable azulejos vestries, Rocailleschnitzereien Mannerist altarpieces, and a variety of Mannerist paintings.

The 1838 planted tree Platano de Portalegre considered the tree with the highest treetop in the Iberian Peninsula. The Sycamore is located in a small urban garden, which is together with the protected tree under monument protection.

The old town also stands as a unit under monument protection. Among the most prominent places include, inter alia, it the central squares of Praça do Rossio and Praça do Municipio and the Town Hall ( Câmara Municipal) from the 18th century. Surrounded by the medieval city wall old town is pedestrianized part, and has a pleasantly relaxed.


  • The City Museum Museu Municipal shows next town relevant exhibits, sacred art, pottery and azulejos, furniture, and contemporary Portuguese painting. Also, two curious collections including: the one about 700 exhibits from representations of Anthony of Padua, who in this country as Santo António de Lisboa or only Santa António is worshiped, and on the other a collection of snuff boxes.
  • The Museu José Régio dedicated to the life and work of the writer José Régio, and it shows its ethnographic collection. It is housed in the house, lived for 34 years in the Régio as a secondary school in Port Alegre. Also, a collection of religious sculptures can be seen here.
  • The Museu de Tapeçarias de Portalegre Guy Fino permanent exhibitions are shown to the tradition of woolen carpet production in Portalegre, while the chronological development of the carpet art is presented to the contemporary works of art with wool exhibits upstairs downstairs. Among the artists represented are, Le Corbusier, Almada Negreiros, Jean Lurçat, Eduardo Nery, Júlio Pomar, including Was named the museum, which translates to about Portalegrisches Carpet Museum Guy Fino is, in recognition to the commitment with which the French carpet producer Guy Fino, who settled here in the mid- 1940s, contributed to the spread and development of special Teppichknüpftechnik that Manuel do Carmo Peixeiro was developed in 1940 in Portalegre.
  • The history of the cork is because Cortiça shown at the Museu. It is housed in the partially still functioning factory Fabrica CORTICEIRA Robinson



Portalegre is the administrative seat of the homonymous district, which is bounded on the east by Spain. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Castelo de Vide, Marvão, Arronches, Monforte and Crato.

The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Portalegre:

  • Alagoa
  • Alegrete
  • Carreira
  • FortiOS
  • Reguengo
  • Ribeira de Nisa
  • São Julião
  • São Lourenço ( municipality northern half of the city )
  • Sé ( local church southern half of the city )
  • Urra


Local holiday

  • May 23


  • Spain: Olivença (since 1989)
  • Portugal: Vila do Conde (since 1994)
  • Cape Verde Cape Verde: São Vicente ( since 1997)
  • Morocco Morocco: Salé (since 1997)



The textile industry is traditionally considered the most important industries of the city, in particular the processing of wool, the production of synthetic fibers and carpet production. In addition, the cork, and especially as to name the production of cork, also include Tinsmiths and bottling plants for soft drinks based here.

As district capital and seat of a circle Portalegre is a relatively important administrative city, as a regional regional center has also the trade importance here.

Agriculture is the circle traditionally an important economic factor. The production of cereals ( wheat, maize, barley, rye), cork, olive oil, chestnuts and wine are the most important assets of the circle next to forestry and some livestock are mentioned.


Long-distance traffic

Since the closure of the railway line Ramal de Portalegre 1990, the city has no connection to the railway network in the country.

The city lies on the IP2 (also European Route 802), which leads to the A23 motorway 50 km north and 64 km south to A6.

Portalegre and Bragança are connected as a single district capitals of Portugal neither to the motorway network nor to the railway network in the country.

Portalegre is integrated into the national bus network of speech Exppressos.


The public transport is ensured in the city and county by bus to the Barraqueiro Group belonging Rodoviára do Alentejo.

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Cristovão Falcão (around 1515/1518-1553/1557 ), poet
  • Estêvão dos Santos Carneiro de Morais (1620-1672), Bishop of Salvador de Bahia
  • Francisco José da Costa e Amaral (1798-1862), lawyer and politician
  • Filipe Folque (1800-1874), General, mathematicians and high school teachers
  • Augusto Eduardo Nunes (1849-1920), Archbishop of Évora
  • Emilio Fragoso (1859-1930), a pharmacist
  • Benvindo António Ceia (1870-1941), painter
  • Luísa Emília Seixo Robertes (1874-1958), educator and women's rights activist
  • Luísa Susana Grande de Freitas Lomelino (1875-1935), writer
  • José Duro (1875-1899), writer
  • José António Sequeira de Andrade (1876-1952), politician
  • Carlos Alberto Nunes de Velez Juzarte Rolo (1884-1949), of aristocratic lawyer and politician
  • Orlando Neves (1935-2005), novelist, poet, playwright and translator
  • Artur Ramadas ( born 1935 ), film director
  • Joaquim Miranda (1950-2006), politician
  • João Luís Carrilho da Graça ( born 1952 ), architect
  • Jorge Lacao (* 1954 in Alagoa ), lawyer and socialist politician, Minister
  • Susana Amador (1967 ), socialist politician and lawyer management
  • Rui Cardoso Martins ( born 1967), novelist, screenwriter, journalist and producer