Srednekolymsk (Russian Среднеколымск, Yakut Орто Халыма / Orto Chalyma ) is a small town in the Republic of Sakha ( Yakutia ) (Russia) with 3525 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ).
The city is located in the Kolyma lowland, about 1500 km northeast of the capital of Republic of Yakutsk on the left bank of the Kolyma River to the confluence of the Ankudinka, which divides the city into two parts.
The city is the administrative center of the homonymous Srednekolymsk Ulus Srednekolymsk (Russian: Среднеколымский улус, Yakut. Орто Халыма улууһа - Orto Chalyma uluuha ).
Srednekolymsk has an airport and a dock on the Kolyma.
The town was founded in 1644 by Cossacks as Ostrog Jarmanka. In 1775 it was renamed the Srednekolymsk (Russian for Middle - Kolyma City) with the award of the town charter as the administrative center of the Kolymakreises ( okrugs ). The city was a place of exile, so for the Decembrist Nikolai Bobrischtschew - Pushkin. Towards the end of the 19th century there were 147 houses in Srednekolymsk ( of which 53 houses), 22 yurts, twelve merchants, a wooden church, a church school and a small hospital. The inhabitants lived on fish, fur-bearing animal and bird hunting, mushroom and berry picking.
Note: Census data
Culture and sights
In Srednekolymsk since 1921, there is already a small museum.
In the city there are companies in the food industry and a fuel depot. In Rajon fur animals and livestock ( cattle, horses, reindeer) and fishing are operated.