Szatmár County

The county Satu Mare (Hungarian Szatmár Vármegye; Latin comitatus Szathmariensis ) was an administrative unit (county / county ) in the Kingdom of Hungary. Today, the smaller part (about 1/4 of the area ) in the north- east of Hungary, the greater part ( about 3/4 of the area ) is located in north-western Romania (now Satu Mare). A small part of the place Welyka Palad (then Hungarian Nagypalád ) is now part of Ukraine ( in Transcarpathia Oblast ).


The county bordered on the north by the Bereg county, in the north- east by the county Ugocsa, on the east by the county Máramaros, on the southeast by the county Szolnok - Doboka, to the south by the county Szilágy and to the west by the Szabolcs.

It lay to the south of the Tisza and was created by Samosch (now Romanian Somes ) flows through. In 1910 it had 396 600 inhabitants in an area of 6287 km ².


The county was until 1918 part of the Kingdom of Hungary and then was between Hungary and Romania ( incorporated in the Satu Mare County ) is divided. 1921 was a small part to Welyka Palad by an exchange of territory to the newly created Czechoslovakia (as part of the Carpathian Ukraine). The remaining part in Hungary was united with the neighboring Rumpfkomitaten to - Szatmár -Bereg Ugocsa. That was in 1950 produced the Szabolcs- Szatmár, which was renamed in 1990 in Szabolcs- Szatmár- Bereg.

As a result of the Second Vienna Award in 1940, the area came back to Hungary, and the county was re-established with the capital Nagykároly. After the end of World War II the pre-war state was restored, with the small Czechoslovak part, however, part of the Soviet Union (specifically the Ukrainian SSR ) was. Since 1991, this part is in turn part of the now independent Ukraine ( here in the Transcarpathian Oblast located ).

County subdivision

In the early 20th century following administrative division existed:

Carei, Satu Mare, Seini, Baia Mare, Somcuta Mare, Baia Sprie Ardud and are in present-day Romania.