Tsukuba (Japaneseつくば 市, -shi) is a city in Ibaraki prefecture on Honshu, the main island of Japan. Tsukuba is located approximately 60 km northeast of Tokyo.
The city was planned in the early 60s as the "City of Science" and built from 1970. There are three universities, the University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba Gakuin University and the Medical Faculty of the University of Tsukuba Hospital, more than 300 public and private research institutes, as well as a variety of companies in the high tech industry. In 1985 was held in Tsukuba from 17 March to 16 September an international exhibition under the motto " apartments and environment - Science and Technology for the people at home " instead. A year later the Tsukuba Expo Center was opened as a science museum, and the Tsukuba Expo Memorial Park is a reminder of this world exhibition.
On 24 August 2005, the Tsukuba Express was put into operation, the Tsukuba connects with Akihabara in Tokyo.
In addition to a number of other research institutions and the JAXA Tsukuba Space Center maintains a research institute with several test laboratories and technical facilities for production and development. This is where the CEC, a National Research Center for High Energy Physics is. The three Nobel Prize winners for physics in 1965, Shin'ichiro Tomonaga, for chemistry in 1973, Leo Esaki, and for physics in 2000, Hideki Shirakawa, all conducted research in Tsukuba.
Nearby is the famous Mount Tsukuba.
- Street: Joban highway to Tokyo and Iwaki
- National Road 6 by Chūō or Sendai
- National Road 125 Katori or Kumagaya
- National Road 354 according to Takasaki or Hokota
- National Road 408 to Narita or Takanezawa
- Tsukuba Express ( TX) to Akihabara (Tokyo)
- Direct line to Tokyo Narita Airport
- Direct line to Haneda Airport
- United States Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
- United States Irvine, California, USA
- United States Milpitas, California, United States
- People's Republic of China Shenzhen, Guangdong, PR China
Adjacent Cities and Towns