Template: Infobox city in Denmark / Maintenance / surface missing template: Infobox city in Denmark / Maintenance / height missing
Viborg is a Danish town in the Region Midtjylland. In Viborg is the administrative center of the region. In addition, Viborg Viborg center of the municipality. The city has 38 261 inhabitants, the municipality 94 333 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013).
The town was originally Vibjerg what to Norse about " the sacred place at the height of " means ( " Vi " = consecration ). In the Middle Ages Vibjerg was to Viborg.
- 8.1 Sons and daughters of the town
- 8.2 people with relationship to the city
Viborg is located in the interior of the country just a few miles from the geographic center of Jutland. The area around the city is a hilly moraine landscape. A few kilometers west of Viborg is found but the so-called Eisrandlinie from the last Ice Age and west of here, the landscape of meltwater deposits is shaped and flat. From very early on it was where Viborg is now, if a transport hub. Here also run today along roads from the north ( Aalborg, Løgstør ), the West ( Holstebro, Skive ) and the East ( Randers, Hobro ), and continue in the so-called Military Road, King's Road or Ox Road (now A rod 13 and E 45 ) to the Danish-German border and continues through Schleswig-Holstein to Hamburg. The old port of Viborg is located 10 km north of the city at Hjarbaek. From here, ships have previously able to drive across the fjord up to Ålborg and from there into the open sea. Now the Hjarbaek fjord is separated from the Limfjord by a causeway and the small port i Hjarbaek is only used by sailors.
Viborg was the meeting place of the early Country Things for Norder Jutland. At this public meeting, among other things, the kings were worshiped, negotiates laws and made court hearings. Viborg was therefore - particularly in the Middle Ages - both an ecclesiastical and a political power center and could be viewed with some justification as the capital of Jutland. Viborg had in the Middle Ages except the cathedral and cathedral chapter five monasteries and twelve parishes. In 1529 the Lutheran Reformation was carried out in Viborg and shortly thereafter the monasteries and parish churches were released from the king to demolition. Only the Dominican church (now Sortebrødre Kirke ) and part of the Franciscan monastery remained. As in Denmark, absolutism and the hereditary monarchy was introduced in 1660, the country Thing lost some of its influence, thus the significance of the city decreased. The country Thing 1806 resigned as a political institution and replaced by a Court of Appeal. 1726 Viborg was ravaged by a devastating fire. Half of the city, including the Cathedral and Town Hall, was laid in ashes. Only after more than a hundred years, the city had somewhat recovered from this disaster. As Viborg in 1863 connected to the Danish railway network, it went up again.
Viborg has always been a city with many public facilities, and a large bureaucracy, and so it has remained to this day. Except that the city is now the administrative center of the Jutland region and the new large municipality, one finds here the seat of the Vestre, Court of Appeals for Jutland and Funen. As before, Viborg is the seat of a Lutheran bishop. Even the National Archives for Norder Jutland can be found here. Since 2001 Viborg is no longer a garrison town. On the site of the former barracks, a training center has been erected in the numerous secondary schools in the city are now relocated. In the late 19th century was Viborg location for the textile, tobacco and food industry. Today, these industries have disappeared and large, and replaced by metal industrial plants (wind mills, chillers ). The growth of economic life Viborg but mainly takes place in the service sector.
Economy and infrastructure
The recycling of used tires specialist Named has its headquarters in the city
The company Hedeselskabet ( en: The heath company) that is a leader in the Danish forestry as well as in the maintenance of green plants and 1000 employees, has its headquarters in Viborg.
In Viborg, the main streets intersect A13 ( Aalborg - Vejle ) and A16 (Randers - Holstebro ). A motorway link has not the city. Viborg is a station on the railway line Langå - Struer. In Langå connects this line with the eastern Main Line Frederikshavn - Padborg and in Struer with the western main line Thisted - Tønder. From Karup Airport 25 km southwest of the city has flight connections to Copenhagen.
Attractions in Viborg
- Viborg Cathedral with frescoes by Joakim Skovgaard
- Sortebrødre Kirke ( former Dominican church ). Altar with wood carving from the 16th century
- Skovgaard Museet. Art museum in the old town hall, mainly for the family Skovgaard artist in four generations.
- Old houses in the Sct. Mogens road.
- King tribute Monument.
- Monument for the Reformer Hans thousands, made by the Danish artist Bjørn Nørgaard.
- Stiftsmuseet ( local history museum ).
- Hald Sø and Dollerup Bakker, scenic lot south of the city.
- Kalkgruben in Mønsted and Daugbjerg.
- El- museet i Tange. Museum of Electricity in connection with a hydroelectric power station.
- The passage grave of Bigum is located north of Viborg.
Viborg has a strong presence especially in handball. The women's team of Viborg Håndbold Club ( VKM ) could multiply the Danish league titles and three times the EHF Champions League (2006, 2009, 2010 ) to win.
Every year a great number of people hike, Hærvejsmarchen (the Heerweg march ), organized in Viborg in June.
- Luneburg, Lower Saxony
- Hamar, Norway
- Lund, Sweden
- Porvoo, Finland
- Dalvíkurbyggð, Iceland
- Marijampolé, Lithuania
- Kecskemét, Hungary
Sons and daughters of the town
- Christian Aagaard (1616-1664), Danish poet
- Niels Aagaard (1612-1657), Danish writer and scholar
- Benjamin Christensen (1879-1959), silent film director
- Olaf Wieghorst (1899-1988), emigrated to America, where he has become known as the painter of the Wild West
- Aage V. Reiter (1901-1982), Danish poet
- Laurits " Lasse " Winsløw Nielsen (1911-2006) Danish painter, sculptor and graphic artist
- Johan Otto von Spreckelsen (1929-1987), architect, known for the new Arc de Triomphe in Paris
- Ann Grete Nørgaard (* 1983), Women's Handball
- Rikke Skov ( born 1980 ), Women's Handball
People with relationship to the city
- St. Kjeld (12th century), provost, canonized in 1188
- Gunner (1152-1251), Bishop, co-author of Jutland Law
- Claus hostler (1681-1734), architect for the reconstruction of the city
- Hans Christian Cornelius Mortensen (1856-1921), ornithologist, has introduced the scientific ringing of migratory birds
- Peter Seeberg (1925-1999), writer, museum director
- Peer Hultberg (1935-2007), writer, psychoanalyst, grew up in Viborg
- Ulrik Wilbek (* 1958), handball coach at Viborg HK
Literature and sources
- Henning Ringgaard Lauridsen (ed. ) (ed. ): Viborg history. Viborg 1998, ISBN 87-986605-0-0.
- Svend Sørensen: Viborg. Copenhagen 1997, ISBN 87-14-20545-9.