Anould is a commune with 3363 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2011 ) in the department of Vosges in the Lorraine region. It belongs to the district of Saint- Dié -des-Vosges, in the canton of Fraize whose largest community Anould is and founded the 1993 Local Government Association, Val de Meurthe.
- 3.1 Education
- 3.2 Road Access
The Vosges Anould community is located on the upper Meurthe, between the towns of Saint- Dié -des-Vosges and Gerardmer. Coming from the south, flows through the partly canalized Ruisseau de l' Anoux the municipality prior to its confluence with the Meurthe, the valley is 1000-1500 meters wide area Anould. The valleys of Meurthe and Anoux are flanked by wooded hills that rise about 150 feet above the river level. The highest mountain in the area Anoulds is a 936 meter-high hill in the so-called Roche des fées in the southeast of the community.
The forest area of the municipality Anould ( including the Forêt d' communale Anould in the northwest) is 962 ha, which corresponds to a total share of almost 40 % of the municipality. In the northern valley of the community agriculture only to a moderate degree, prevails on the slopes in front pasture.
At Anould include the districts and hamlets Gerhaudel, L' Anoux, Le Pair, Le Meix Thonon, Venchères, Sondreville, Les Granges, Dévelines, Les Chalets Eden, Le ceiling, Le Souche Chalgoutte and Xaingoutte.
Neighboring communities of Anould are Saint-Léonard in the north, Mandray in the northeast, Fraize in the east, Ban -sur- Meurthe- Clefcy the southeast, Gerbépal in the south, Corcieux in the southwest and La Houssière in the northwest.
In the originally dense, contiguous forest areas of the High Vosges monks began in the Middle Ages with the clearing, the settlers continued later. In the territory of the present municipality created so many small, secluded mountain farms.
About the origin of the name Anould, the (later Aunoulf ) evolved from Annoux, there are two theories. For the version of the ancestry from the Latin Anoldium ( = node ) speaks on the assumption that the individual hamlets were once connected by paths that converged on the site of the present village. A second variant is the origin from the Latin Alnus, French: Alder ( = alder), a typical tree on river banks.
The oldest written mention demonstrably Anoulds dates back to 1225th For 1395 an agreement between the Duke of Lorraine and the chapter of Saint- Dié is handed down through the pasture areas in and around Anould. 1594 Anould was then part of the Bailiwick of Nancy and the parish of Saint- Dié -des- Vosges.
1751 was the spell Anould from the hamlets L' Anoux, La Hardalle, Déveline, Les Granges, Chalgoutte, Les Gouttes, Braconcel, Sainte -Marguerite, Le Paire, Gérhaudel, Le Souche and part of the Vic.
After the restructuring as a result of the French Revolution in 1790 Anould belonged to the district of Saint- Dié and the canton of Saint- Léonard. 1845, before the start of industrialization, Anould counted 2532 inhabitants, their income primarily fed agriculture ( cultivation of hay, rye, oats, potatoes, hemp, flax and buckwheat) the.
Church of Saint -Antoine
The already dilapidated in 1789 church building was not renovated because of high costs. Instead, it was decided to build a new church. As the site a slightly raised plateau was chosen so that the church can be seen from all points of the village. Foundation stone was laid in 1828, in 1841 the church was consecrated. On 21 November 1944, the church was blown up for no reason by the Germans during the rearguard action. In the 1960s, the church was rebuilt on the same site.
Economy and infrastructure
Agriculture plays in the upper Meurthegebiet today only a subordinate role. Through the forest wealth in the Vosges forestry and the wood and paper industry has a long tradition. In the north of the parish three industrial ( industrial zone ) were established, which also employed commute (ZI Gerhaudel, ZI des Grands Prés, ZI le Souche ) from neighboring communities. Among the resident in Anould industrial companies include:
- A.R.O.P - machinery and equipment
- Adapac - Packaging materials, paper-based
- Escaland - Staircase
Anould is the location of two public elementary schools ( École de la Hardalle, École du Souche ).
By Anould the N 415 from Saint- Dié -des-Vosges passes over the near Col du Bonhomme to Colmar. In the village the road department 8 branches across the 620 meter high Col du ceiling after Gerardmer, she provides a link to the National Road 417 ago ( Remiremont - Col de la Canyon Colmar). Rail connection is in the northern neighboring town of Saint -Léonard, whose station is on the line 13 of the TER Lorraine Epinal -Saint -Dié -des- Vosges Strasbourg.
Anould maintains a community partnership with the Hessian Schoeneck.
- Community Anould (French)