Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur ( " South Lower California " ) is a Mexican state (since 1974). It forms the southern part of the Baja California peninsula and comprises 73,475 km ² with a population of approximately 424,000. Capital is La Paz in the north it borders on the state of Baja California. Here, the feature is important to note that the total Peninsula is called " Baja California", just as well as the northern part of the island alone (abbreviated BC ). The southern part, however, is " Baja California Sur " (abbreviation: BCS).


Attractions and provincial nature

One of the sights of Baja California Sur are the cave paintings in the area around Mulege. The bizarre rocky mountain ranges south of Loreto are unique in their character. These are historical genesis due to the volcanic origin of the peninsula, as seen on the caldera Aguajito.

The climate is one of the driest regions in the world. So the numerically abundant desert areas are explained. However, these are in no way comparable with the deserts in other regions of the world. Since the peninsula is relatively narrow, these desert areas have always been populated by indigenous peoples. And even today there are numerous places that are in the midst of such desert areas. Also interested desert Researcher finds easy wooden spears, stone spear points and other relics of the past in these areas. A motorable road there is only since 1976.

Of particular importance is the Laguna de ojo is liebre ( ojo de liebre, Spanish for "Eye of the Hare "), a part of the Biosphere Reserve El Vizcaíno. The bay of the Pacific Ocean and the lagoons are not only habitat for four species of sea turtles but also one of the most important migration sites of gray whales. To the winter about 300-400 whales from their summer roosts in the North Pacific Ocean in these and other lagoons there protected from predators and the weather to give birth to their young.

Every year, the Baja 500 and Baja 1000 numerous interested parties from all over the world. Both as a spectator as well as participant. So also German teams can be reported in this famous desert race. The Baja 1000 is probably the most famous desert race in the world after the Dakar.

Municipal districts and largest cities

The state of Baja California Sur is divided into five municipal districts: Comondú, La Paz, Loreto, Los Cabos Mulege. Major cities include La Paz, San Jose del Cabo, Cabo San Lucas and Ciudad Constitucion and Guerrero Negro and Loreto.