Berliner Ensemble

The Berliner Ensemble (abbreviated: BE ) is one of the most famous theaters in the German capital dar. It was made famous by performances of the works of its founder, Bertolt Brecht, and is considered one of the leading German-language theaters. Since 1954, the theater (district center) is on Schiffbauerdamm in the Friedrich- Wilhelm- town in the district center, the venue of the Berliner Ensemble.


The establishment of the Berlin Ensemble ( November 1949 ) in direct connection with the search Brecht for a new job in Germany for himself and his wife Helene Weigel and an effort communist politician in the Soviet zone of occupation and later East Germany to build a prestigious cultural scene in East Berlin to see. After bitter experiences in the U.S. (October 30, 1947: hearing before the Committee on Un-American Activities ) and strict surveillance of persons in Switzerland, Brecht was received in East Berlin with open arms. After the finding of recent letters and writings the foundation of the ensemble was, however, associated with much more difficulty than previously thought. Thus, the " guest " of the BE is in the Deutsches Theater (abbreviated DT) from 1949 to 1954 as a strict tolerance is, and then- DT- director Wolfgang Langhoff pushed to an early statement. The ensemble consisted essentially of the actors and staff who were involved in the 1949 premiere of Mother Courage. As of March 19, 1954, the ensemble in-house, the theater played on Schiffbauerdamm.

One idea Brecht in 1953, following in 1959 several " brigades " established, which should strengthen the theater work in BE artistically and socially, among others, the " Brigade for theater theory ", the " Brigade Studio " and " brigade work with the audience ."

The work of the ensemble has been significantly influenced by Bertolt Brecht, the house made ​​as a director and writer, " his" theater. As a symbol of the Berliner Ensemble was Picasso's dove of peace. She was shown on the stage curtain. Due to its excellent reputation, the ensemble was often invited to guest performances at home and abroad, to France, England, Austria, Sweden and Italy.

In the midst of preparations for a tour to London died Brecht. His understanding of epic theater and collective work was continued by his widow Helene Weigel, who was from the foundation until her death in 1971 director of the Berliner Ensemble. Assistant directors as Manfred Wekwerth, Peter Palitzsch, Iseult Kilian and Joachim Tenschert had yet learned Brecht and translated now together with the actors whose work continues. After Helene Weigel Ruth Berghaus followed as director, whose husband, the composer Paul Dessau, the music had written to Mother Courage. Bring your attempt also experimental theater to the stage, aroused resistance in the ensemble and the audience what they eventually led to the resignation. In 1977 it was replaced by Manfred Wekwerth, who led the House until 1991.

Organizationally, the years that followed thereafter, to be regarded as tragedy. One militant " Shared directorship " Matthias Langhoff, Fritz Marquardt, Peter Palitzsch, Peter Zadek, Heiner Müller from 1992 to 1993 was followed by Marquardt, Palitzsch, Zadek, Müller 1993-1994 and Marquardt, Palitzsch, Müller 1994 to 1995, Müller 1995, Martin Wuttke 1996 and Stephan von Suschke 1997 to 1999.

With the performance of the play " The Brecht - file " on Brecht's stakeout by the FBI, the house was reopened after renovation work under the current director Claus Peymann on 8 January 2000. A wide range of performances, dedicated actor and artistic staff bring the ensemble almost seamlessly a full house.

In the context of the Berliner Ensemble many well-known and productive artists worked. The photographer Ruth Berlau photographed stage scenes that were issued as a model books. The stage designer Karl von Appen was for many years a synonym for challenging stage designs and theater posters. To this end, the brothers John Heartfield and Wieland heart field, and Karl -Heinz Drescher were known.

The use of the word Berliner Ensemble has taken a turn. While you hereby meant the theater company as a community of actors and staff over the past decades, the BE is also repeatedly equated with the theater building.

The theater in which plays the Berliner Ensemble, the theater is on Schiffbauerdamm. The building is owned by Ilse- Holzapfel Foundation, which was founded by Rolf Hochhuth. The Foundation leased the building to the State of Berlin. The theater company is now run as a corporation in the form of a gGmbH, whose sole shareholder Claus Peymann is. It has the right to use the property ( quasi as a lodger in the country). The state of Berlin supports the operation with a year more than 10 million euros.


Famous former actor of the ensemble

Current members of the Berliner Ensemble (including guests)

  • Carmen - Maja Antoni
  • Klaus Maria Brandauer
  • Ulrich Brandhoff
  • Dejan Bucin
  • Sabin Tambrea
  • Kirsten Dene
  • Christina Drechsler
  • Larissa fox
  • Peter Fitz
  • Ruth Glöss
  • Anna Gränzer
  • Michael Gwisdek
  • Klaus hedge
  • Jürgen Holtz
  • Ursula Hopfner Tabori
  • Boris Jacoby
  • Franziska Young
  • Roman Kaminski
  • Corinna Kirchhoff
  • Gerd Kunath
  • Stefan Kurt
  • Stefan Lisewski
  • Peter Luppa
  • Dietermann
  • Dagmar Manzel
  • Michael Maertens
  • Charlotte Müller
  • Thomas Niehaus
  • Ulrich Noethen
  • Johann Adam Oest
  • Dirk Ossig
  • Uli Pleßmann
  • Hans -Michael Rehberg
  • Ilse Ritter
  • Michael Rothmann
  • Michael redhead
  • Branko Samarovski
  • Stephan Schäfer
  • Angela Schmid
  • Marko Schmidt
  • Walter Schmidinger
  • Götz Schubert
  • Andreas Seifert
  • Martin Seifert
  • Marina Senckel
  • Volker Spengler
  • Ninja Stangenberg
  • Norbert Stöß
  • Judith Strößenreuter
  • Katharina Thalbach
  • Axel Werner
  • Angela Winkler
  • Martin Wuttke
  • Ronny Tomiška
  • Christopher Nell

Productions (excerpt)