The City of Dubuque ( [ dəbju ː k]) with 57 637 inhabitants and an area of 71.8 km ² is the administrative seat of Dubuque County in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Iowa.
The city is situated on the west bank of the Mississippi River on the border of three states of Iowa, Illinois and Wisconsin in an area that is referred to locally as the Tri - State Area.
Immediate neighboring towns are Shawondasse (17,1 km southeast), Key West (7 km south), Julien (12,2 km west ), Asbury ( 8.3 km west-northwest ) and Sage Ville (7.3 km to the northwest ). The nearest towns on opposite banks of the Mississippi are fair play in Wisconsin (10,9 km northeast) and East Dubuque, Illinois (3.1 km to the southeast ).
The nearest large towns are the Quad Cities (115 km south), Iowa's capital, Des Moines (330 km southwest), Rochester, Minnesota (275 km north-west ), Wisconsin's capital, Madison (149 km northeast) and Rockford in Illinois (149 km east).
The oldest road is actually the Mississippi, on which an important part of the flow of goods transported through the center of the USA today. The river is navigable for large barges held by dams, one of which with Lock and Dam No. 11 one on the shores of Eagle Point Park is located in the city of Dubuque.
By Dubuque runs parallel to the Mississippi the Iowa section of the Great River Road forming U.S. Highway 52 in the center of this applies to the U.S. Highways 20 and 61 and the freeway -developed U.S. Highway 151 Highway 20 crosses the Julien Dubuque Bridge to Illinois highways 61 and 151 run together on the Dubuque - Wisconsin Bridge to Wisconsin.
By Dubuque runs a groove extending on the west bank of the Mississippi line of the Canadian Pacific Railway. In the city center, this crosses a line of the Canadian National Railway, the single-track Dubuque Rail Bridge crosses from the west towards Illinois.
13.8 km south of the town is the Dubuque Regional Airport, on the the city and the region with feeder flights to Chicago O'Hare connection to the national and international air traffic network.
Dubuque is the oldest city in Iowa and played in the early settlement of the upper Midwest ( Upper Midwest ) play a key role, which is why it is also called " Key City" today.
The first non - Indian settler who permanently settled at the site of the later Dubuque, a fur trader named Julien Dubuque was in 1785. Till then lived in the area mainly Indians from the tribe of Fox. In subsequent years, Dubuque learned of lead deposits in the area and began to leave this mine until his death in 1810. 1833, the area of the U.S. government was provided for settlement and in 1837 got Dubuque under its current name granted city rights.
As a result, Dubuque attracted many immigrants, primarily Irish and German origin, from the east coast of the USA. Miners were allowed by the government as the first west of the Mississippi country to take possession of it. The inhabitants still lived for a time mainly of mining and fur trading, and later, the economic spectrum expanded in the city among other things, logging, marine and meat processing.
Despite an economic downturn with high unemployment rates and depopulation of the city in the 1980s, Dubuque developed into an economic and social center in the Tri State Area.
Dubuque City Hall, listed since 1972 in the NRHP
Listed Julien Dubuque Bridge from Dubuque to Illinois, since 1999 in the NRHP
Lock and Dam No. 11, listed with views of the Wisconsin shore since 2004 in the NRHP
Since 2011, its sister city of Dornbirn is ( Aut)
- Loras College ( Catholic)
- Clarke College ( Catholic)
- Northeast Iowa Community College
- Wartburg Theological Seminary
According to the census in 2010 lived in Dubuque 57,637 people in 23,623 households. The population density was 840.2 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The racial the population was composed of 91.7 percent white, 4.0 percent African American, 0.3 percent Native American, 1.1 percent Asian and other ethnic groups; 1.8 percent were descended from two or more races. Regardless of ethnicity were 2.4 percent of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In the 23,623 households lived statistically 2.24 per person.
21.4 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 62.1 percent were between 18 and 64 and 16.5 percent were 65 years or older. 51.6 percent of the population was female.
The median income for a household was $ 42,788. The per capita income was $ 23,527. 11.7 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Carol Barnett ( b. 1945 ), composer and flautist
- Jay Berwanger, first winner of the Heisman Trophy
- Richard Pike Bissell, author
- Tom Churchill, TV and radio meteorologist (ABC, NBC)
- Luke Flynn, composer
- Fred Kaltenbach, teacher and propagandist
- Margaret Lindsay, actress
- Kate Mulgrew, actress on U.S. television Star Trek Voyager
- David Rabe, writer
- Armin Rhomberg, politicians
- Kevin Rhomberg, professional baseball
- Alexander Rummler, painter
- Mark Steines, U.S. television ( program Entertainment Tonight )
- Sara Taylor, Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs of George W. Bush.
Personalities, local colleges attended
- Don Ameche, actor
- Bräuninger Moritz (1836-1860), missionary and martyr, Wartburg Theological Seminary
- Tony Danza, actor
- Red Faber, major league baseball players in the Hall of Fame
- George O'Leary, football coach
- John Joseph Paul, Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse
- Adam Rapp, author
- Raymond Roseliep, haiku writer, Loras College
Other persons related to Dubuque
- Edward Albee, The Lady from Dubuque writer ( The woman from Dubuque ).
- William B. Allison, politician, U.S. Senator
- Leo Binz, Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Dubuque.
- Alfred Graf von Goertz - Wrisberg (1814 - 1868), German army officer and politician, 1848 revolutionary and Emigrant ( "Forty - Eighter ").
- William Hoff Bauer, political emigrant and physician
- David B. Henderson, a member of the U.S. House of Representatives
- Elmer Layden, one of the Four Horsemen of Notre Dame and later commissioner of the NFL
- Oran Pape, American football player, police officer
- Johnny Orr, basketball coach at Iowa State University and University of Michigan, a teacher at Dubuque Senior High in the 1950s.
- Paul Leo, German emigrant, Professor of New Testament at Wartburg Theological Seminary.