The GP2 Series is an automobile racing series for Formula One racing car and is considered a direct precursor to maximum motor sport category Formula 1 is held, inter alia, within the framework of the European Formula 1 Grand Prix weekends and dissolved in 2005, the international formula 3000 Championship from. The GP2 Series is the GP3 series of Bruno Michel organized like.
- 3.1 chassis
- 3.2 Engine and transmission
- 3.3 tires
GP2 driver in Formula 1
Several drivers were able to recommend in this series so far for Formula 1. Among them are the former GP2 champion Nico Rosberg (2005), Lewis Hamilton ( 2006), the 2008 world champion in Formula 1 season, Timo Glock (2007), Nico Hulkenberg (2009), Pastor Maldonado (2010 ) and Romain Grosjean ( 2011). The champion of the 2008 season, Giorgio Pantano, who has already completed 14 races in 2004 for Jordan Grand Prix in Formula 1 season, was due to his advanced age has not again a Formula 1 cockpit. Other former GP2 drivers who have made it into Formula 1, Heikki Kovalainen ( runner-up 2005), Nelson Piquet Jr. ( vice-champion in 2006 ), Lucas di Grassi ( vice- champion in 2007 ), Bruno Senna ( runner-up 2008), Vitaly Petrov ( Vice Champion 2009) and Sébastien Buemi, Karun Chandhok, Kamui Kobayashi, Kazuki Nakajima and Scott Speed . In addition, Gianmaria Bruni, Antonio Pizzonia and Sakon Yamamoto went to their Formula 1 involvement in the GP2 series.
The end of the race weekend
On a GP2 weekend each one race will be held on Saturday and Sunday. After a practice session of 30 minutes on Friday an also 30-minute qualifying session on the starting grid of the first race will decide on Saturday, which will be held over 170 km or 60 minutes and includes a mandatory pit stop, which must be carried out at least six rounds and must be changed at least two tires. The starting grid for the second race on Sunday over a distance of 120 kilometers and 45 minutes, is derived from the result of the first race, the first eight drivers will start in reverse order.
Points are awarded based on the current points system Formula 1 style, the third party receives the first place winner of Saturday's race 25, the second 18, 15 points, up to the tenth -placed, which receives one point. Moreover, additional points will be awarded: The pole-sitter for the first race will receive four bonus counter. In each race, two points are awarded for the pilot with the fastest lap time. The maximum score that can reach a racing driver per race weekend, so that is 48 meters.
- Poles during Saturday's race: 4 points
- Saturday's race: 25-18-15-12-10-8-6-4-2-1 for the best 10
- Sunday's race: 15-12-10-8-6-4-2-1 for the best 8
- Fastest lap: 2 Points per race (you must, however, among the top ten riders place to be started from the normal start position and shall have completed in the case of the second race, no not weather-related tire change )
In compare to the formula 1 significantly cheaper junior series uniform technique is employed. In appearance, technology and performance, however, the single-seaters GP2 resemble the cars in Formula 1 strongly. The chassis is manufactured by the Italian company Dallara and constructed according to the safety standards of the premier class.
Engine and transmission
The used 4.0-liter V8 engines from Renault are designed to survive a complete GP2 season. You get about 450 kW ( 612 hp) and are manufactured and serviced by Mecachrome. The lap of the GP2 cars are in the race, depending on the route profile, up to 10 seconds over which the Formula 1 In the beginning there were difficulties when starting, which engines were often stalled in the standing start. Some races were therefore started flying. It is shifted by rocker on the steering wheel. Additional driver aids such as power steering or traction control are prohibited.
As tires are slicks are used. From 2005 to 2010 Bridgestone was the tire supplier to the GP2 Series, 2011 Pirelli took over this function. Since 2011, the GP2 teams use the same four tire compounds such as Formula 1 and since 2012, during a race weekend - two different mixes even be used - with the exception of the Sunday race, are required in the unused tire the harder variety. Overall, the teams have four sets per weekend on slicks ( three of the harder, one of the softer compound ) and three sets of wet tires.
→ Main article: GP2 Asia Series
The regular GP2 Series was almost discharged only in Europe; only in Bahrain, there were in 2006 and 2007 a race. As of the 2008 season, this was clearly separated by the GP2 Asia Series was created and played on several Asian racetracks. The series was played under the same rules.
The schedule of the Asian GP2 Series has been designed so that the participating teams could start following the taking place during the winter months in the regular championship GP2 Series.
Were in the first two seasons still races held at various Asian routes, it fell in the third season on two race weekends on two routes, which also both in the range of the Arabian Peninsula. For the 2011 season remained after the riots in Bahrain ( where two race weekends were planned) only one event in Abu Dhabi left. Instead, a race weekend in Imola, Italy was discharged and the series set completely.
Since the 2012 season, a joint championship in Europe and Asia now will be played - with four races in Asia.